The Liberator of South America The 239th Anniversary of the Birth of Simon Bolivar #西蒙 Bolivar # #Venezuela Travel # #Liberator # #South American Independence # #Travel # Travel #
During travels throughout Latin America and throughout the Americas, you'll see a lot of horses with their heads up, a cloaked general on horseback, or a statue of the general wielding a sword in his left hand with a rein in his right hand, Simon Bolivar, known as the Liberator, on July 24, the 239th anniversary of his birth. The Copa Libertadores de Libertadores, an international football tournament representing the highest honors among the top clubs of Latin American football, was created in 1960 to commemorate heroes such as Simon Bolívar, José Hervacio Attigas, Bernardo O'Higgins, José de San Martín, Pedro I and others.
Born in Caracas, Venezuela, Simon Bolívar's portrait hangs today in the Palace of Miraflores (also known as the "Palace of Flowers"), the official residence of the president, who had hoped that all South American countries could escape Spanish colonization and become a unified nation. In 1813, he gained command of the Patriotic Army and began a successful military campaign to retake Caracas from the Spaniards. He commanded a Colombian army to occupy Bogotá until the establishment of Gran Colombia in 1819, which included a small part of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Costa Rica, Peru, Brazil and Guyana. Peru was liberated in 1824, and in 1825 Upper Peru became an independent state named after him, Bolivia. Thus, today Bolivia and Venezuela (officially known as the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela) are named after bolivars, as are the currencies of both countries (Bolivian boliviano and Venezuelan bolivar). In 1830, Bolívar resigned as president and died of illness at the end of the same year.
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