On the morning of August 19, 1951, nine Chinese and DPRK military policemen, led by Yao Qingxiang, platoon commander of the Chinese Volunteers, patrolled the neutral zone, and more than 30 members of the South Korean Army fired indiscriminately, and Yao Qingxiang fell in a pool of blood. The platoon commander did not fight back until his death, leaving his last sentence: "This is a world problem, I would rather sacrifice myself..." Yao Qingxiang also complied with the negotiation agreement until his death.
The incident of Yao Qingxiang being shot dead in the neutral zone shocked the whole world, and the "United Nations Army" denied it. Qiao Guanhua wrote a sad and angry elegy at Yao Qingxiang's memorial service: "The world knows Li Qiwei, and the whole country grieves Yao Qingxiang." ”
On the evening of August 22, a US military plane invaded the neutral zone and repeatedly bombed and strafed the premises of the Chinese and DPRK delegations. In order to protect the scene, the Chinese and DPRK immediately asked the US liaison officer, Colonel Kenny, to investigate the scene.
Colonel Kenny picked up a piece of shrapnel and said, "Anyone who has seen a bomb will not believe it is a bomb." You guys said the plane came, and how many engines did that plane have? ”
The arrogant and unreasonable attitude of the US side has angered the Chinese and DPRK deputies enough. For the sake of the safety of the Chinese and DPRK representatives, most of them, except for liaison officers, were forced to move and change places every once in a while, making it impossible to carry out normal work and life.
The American representatives, who could not meet the requirements at the negotiating table, finally tore off the fig leaf, and they slapped the table and shouted: "Let the bomb cannons and machine guns debate!" ”
Li Qiwei also shouted in Tokyo: "With the power of our United Nations Army, we can reach the position of the demarcation line required by the UN military delegation." ”
Due to the extreme non-cooperation of the US side in the negotiations, the following negotiations almost always ended in farce. Later, it even became a situation of silent sit-in confrontation between the two sides, and also set a record in the history of negotiations in 2 hours and 12 minutes of silent confrontation.
There was no progress at the negotiating table, and at this time on the 200-kilometer-long front, the gunfire did not stop.
Every day, U.S. tanks climbed within range of rifles to fire, and artillerymen fired hundreds of shells at marked locations within a specified time.
On August 18, VanVleet commanded the U.S. 10th Army on the Eastern Front to launch a summer offensive, and hundreds of thousands of shells fell like locusts on the Korean People's Army's defense line tens of kilometers wide.
Under the stubborn counterattack of the Korean People's Army, the "United Nations Army" only captured a few forward positions of the South Korean Army, but paid a huge price. U.S. officers and men refer to Heights 983.1 and 851 as "Ridge of Blood" and "Ridge of Sorrow."
From 18 August, the summer offensive launched by the "United Nations Army" with 7 divisions ended in a crushing defeat, and Van Vliet advanced only 2 to 8 km on the 80-kilometer KPA front. On the western and central fronts, the volunteers took the opportunity to capture many hilltops of the US army.
Unwilling to accept the failure of the summer offensive, the "United Nations Army" launched the autumn offensive on 29 September. The US 1st Army on the western front, the US 10th Army on the eastern front, and the US 9th Army on the center front launched attacks one after another.
From 29 September to 18 October, the 64th Army and the 47th Army of the Western Front Volunteer Army resisted the offensive of the "United Nations Army" and fought for 20 consecutive days, annihilating more than 22,000 people, while the enemy advanced only three or four kilometers, and the entire offensive of the "United Nations Army" on the Western Front was crushed.
Beginning on 7 October, the "United Nations Army" on the Eastern Front also launched a large-scale attack on the positions of the 67th and 68th Corps of the Chinese Volunteers. In fierce defensive operations, the 67th Army set a record of annihilating more than 17,000 enemies in three days.
By October 22, under the stubborn obstruction of our army, the autumn offensive of the "United Nations Army" was crushed. During the autumn defensive operation for more than a month, the volunteers fought together with the Korean People's Army, killing and wounding more than 79,000 enemy soldiers.
On October 25, 1951, representatives of the "United Nations Forces" returned to the negotiating table and resumed negotiations with the DPRK and Chinese representatives, which were relocated to Panmunjom, south of Kaesong.
The two-month summer offensive of the "United Nations Army" not only failed to realize its unreasonable demand for 12,000 square kilometers, but also paid the price of more than 150,000 casualties.
The "United Nations Forces" had no choice but to abandon their unreasonable demands and accept the Chinese and DPRK side's proposition that the actual line of contact between the two sides should be the military demarcation line. As well as a two-kilometer retreat each, as a plan for the demilitarized zone.
On 27 November, the parties reached an agreement on the military demarcation line. #Headline Creation Challenge# #历史 #