Hu Jizeng: Seeing "Independence" in Vietnam: A New Perspective for Interpreting Liu Zongzhou's "Cautious Independence" Thought I. Internal Turn: The Change of the Meaning of "Cautious Independence" and Liu Zongzhou's Response II. Based on the Perspective of "Caution": Liu Zongzhou's Interpretation of the Meaning of "Prudent Independence" III, "Toward Yue": The Unity of the Triple Meaning of "Prudence" and Its Meaning IV. Conclusion
Abstract: From Song to Ming, the meaning of "cautious independence" has completed its internal turn through the development of Ercheng, Zhu Xi, Wang Yangming and others. Liu Zongzhou opposed Zhu Xi's mere viewing of "prudent independence" as a matter of accomplishment,...
Zong Zhou Liu Zongzhou