Syria is a country located in western Asia, on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, Lebanon and Israel to the southwest, and Cyprus to the west across the Mediterranean Sea.
Syria is a country with a long history, with a primitive city-state in existence since 3000 BC, dating back to the 8th century BC. It was ruled by the Assyrian, Macedonian, Roman, Arab, European Crusaders, Egyptian Mamluks and Ottoman Empires. It became a French mandate after World War I. The Arab Baath Party, led by the Assad family, has been in power since 1963.
Syria has a land area of about 185,000 square kilometres, a coastline of 183 kilometres, and the Golan Heights covers an area of about 1,200 square kilometres. The terrain is relatively complex, the terrain is high in the west and low in the east, of which the Golan Heights is Syria's military strategic point, and Israel has built a "smart wall" tens of kilometers long on the Golan Heights to prevent Syrian attacks.
Syria is a predominantly agricultural country, with major crops including wheat, barley, cotton, and legumes. In addition, oil and tourism are important economic sources for Syria. Oil is one of Syria's most important economic pillars, with proven oil reserves of about 357 million tons. Tourism also plays an important role in Syria, with major tourist attractions including historical sites such as the ancient city of Damascus and the ancient city of Aleppo, as well as natural attractions such as the Golan Heights.
Syria is a middle-income country whose economy has grown in size over the past few decades, but due to the impact of war and political turmoil, Syria's economic situation has been difficult in recent years. As the Syrian government gradually takes control of the situation in the country and begins to rebuild the country, its economic prospects are expected to improve.