British South Africa Company (1888-1911)
The British South Africa Company (BSAC or BSACo), established by Cecil Rhodes through the merger of the Central Research Association and Discovery Limited, is a Chartered Company with Royal Charter. The company was modeled after the British East India Company with the goal of colonizing and exploiting South Africa, Central Africa, and carving Africa among other countries. Celebrities such as Duke Abel Cohen and Alfred Beit are directors of the company.
British Southern Rhodesia (1911-1953)
In 1911, Southern Rhodesia and Northern Rhodesia separated, leaving present-day Zambia to the north. Following a referendum in 1922, Southern Rhodesia became a British self-governing colony in October 1923.
Commonwealth of Central Africa (1953-1963)
In 1953, the United Kingdom formed a federation of North and South Rhodesia, which was later dissolved in 1963.
British Southern Rhodesia (1963-1965)
British Southern Rhodesia (1964-1968)
Rhodesian Republic (1968-1978)
Zimbabwe - Rhodesian Republic (1978-1980)
In November 1965, Prime Minister Ian Smith of Southern Rhodesia unilaterally declared independence from British jurisdiction and established the Republic of Rhodesia, but this declaration was not recognized by the largely black communities in Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland. The British in charge of the region claimed that the Declaration of Independence was an act of rebellion and did not recognize it, but did not actually use force to regain control. After failed international mediation efforts in 1966–1968, Britain asked the United Nations to impose economic sanctions on Rhodesia, but the insistent white regime declared a republic in 1970 without any international recognition.
Republic of Zimbabwe (1980-present)
In 1980, the first-ever election was held, and Robert Mugabe, a black man, was victorious. The Republic of Zimbabwe was formally established as an independent State on 18 April 1980. Mugabe has since won several consecutive elections and remained in power until 2017.
On the left is a black side white triangle, there is a red star, the star is a Zimbabwean bird, carved from reddish soapstone, about 50 cm high, the body is like an eagle, the head is like a dove, the neck is high and straight, the wings are close, standing at the top of a stone pillar in Zimbabwe Stone Town, is a precious relic of the 14th century. From top to bottom, there are seven horizontal bands of green-yellow-red-black-red-yellow-green. Black represents Africans and cultures; White symbolizes peace; Red is blood sprinkled for liberation; Yellow symbolizes minerals; Green symbolizes agriculture and countryside.