This "Article 20" should also be known!

author:Dongxiang County Rong Media Center
This "Article 20" should also be known!

Some time ago

A film called "Article 20".

It has been hotly discussed by everyone

This is the first domestic ministry to focus on the issue of "legitimate defense".

Films on the theme of the rule of law

It is also called by a lot of people

A very vivid lesson on law popularization

This "Article 20" should also be known!


The reason why the name of the film is "Article 20"

refers to the Criminal Law of the People's Republic of China

Article 20 "Justifiable Defence" Clause

Well you know

Counter-Terrorism Law of the People's Republic of China

What is Article 20?

Look down

Take you to understand!

This "Article 20" should also be known!
This "Article 20" should also be known!

So, do you know what Article 20 of the Anti-Terrorism Act is?


This "Article 20" should also be known!

Counter-Terrorism Law of the People's Republic of China

Article 20 Railway, highway, water, air freight and postal and express logistics operators shall implement a security inspection system, check the identity of customers, and conduct security inspections or unsealing inspections of the transported and delivered goods in accordance with regulations. Items that are prohibited from transportation or delivery, have major potential safety hazards, or the customer refuses to conduct security inspections, shall not be transported or delivered.

The logistics operation units provided for in the blank preceding paragraph shall implement a registration system for the identity and goods information of transportation and delivery customers.

This "Article 20" should also be known!

Do you know why such regulations are enacted?



In 2011, a staff member of a delivery company in Zhejiang was injured by explosives hidden in a package.


In 2013, a courier company in Shandong Province delivered a package contaminated with toxic chemicals due to irregular inspection and delivery, resulting in one death and nine poisonings.


In 2019, in order to save transportation costs, Tang simply packed 224 kilograms of hazardous chemicals in industrial plastic barrels for mailing, and deliberately concealed the true information of the mailed items, and falsely declared that the hazardous chemicals were ordinary drugs. When the courier came to pick up the parcel, he also did not open the box for inspection and inquiry verification in accordance with the regulations. As a result, a barrel of liquid leaked during transportation, and 2 couriers inhaled toxic gases, causing one person to be seriously injured and one person to be slightly injured.

The rapid development of the mail and logistics industry has provided us with fast, convenient and efficient services and promoted social and economic development. However, some hidden dangers have become increasingly prominent, and many lawbreakers have taken advantage of the gap to enter and mix illegal acts such as terrorism, explosives, drugs, and smuggling, which have brought huge hidden dangers to social security. Not only that, there are not a few daily express delivery injuries.

Therefore, the mail and logistics industry needs to strictly implement the three "100%" systems, and there is no room for slackness.

This "Article 20" should also be known!

What are the three "100%" systems that the mail and logistics industry needs to strictly implement?


This "Article 20" should also be known!

100% inspection of blank receipts and mails: Delivery companies should strictly implement the inspection criteria for receiving and mailing, and inspect all items before sealing the boxes. According to the criterion of "who receives and sends, who is responsible", the responsibilities of receiving and inspecting are clarified.

100% blank real-name receipt and delivery: Except for letters, agreement customers with security mechanisms, and mail and express mail delivered by self-service post offices (smart express boxes), the sender's valid identity information must be compared and verified before receiving and sending.

100% blank security check: from the receipt of mail and express mail to the final delivery, or before sending out of the city (district), at least once through the X-ray machine inspection.

This "Article 20" should also be known!

The three "100%" systems are to ensure the safety of everyone's delivery, and what penalties are formulated in the Anti-Terrorism Law for those logistics companies that do not comply with the law?

This "Article 20" should also be known!

Counter-Terrorism Law of the People's Republic of China

Article 85: In any of the following circumstances, the competent departments shall impose a fine of between 100,000 and 500,000 RMB, and the directly responsible managers and other directly responsible personnel shall be fined up to 100,000 RMB:

(1) Failing to implement a security inspection system to check the identity of customers, or failing to conduct security inspections or unseal inspections of transportation or delivery items in accordance with regulations;

(2) Transporting or delivering items that are prohibited from transportation or delivery, where there are major potential safety hazards, or where the customer refuses to conduct security inspections;

(3) Failure to implement a registration system for the identity and information of customers for transportation and delivery.

This "Article 20" should also be known!

Here is a list of the "Guidance Catalogue of Prohibited Items" jointly issued by the State Post Bureau, the Ministry of Public Security, and the Ministry of State Security, please read carefully.

1. Firearms (including imitations and main parts) and ammunition

1. Firearms (including imitations and main parts): such as pistols, rifles, submachine guns, riot guns, air guns, hunting guns, sports guns, anesthetic injection guns, steel ball guns, tear gas guns, etc.

2. Ammunition (including imitations): such as bullets, bombs, grenades, rockets, flares, incendiary bombs, smoke (fog) bombs, signal bombs, tear gas, poison gas bombs, mines, grenades, artillery shells, gunpowder, etc.

2. Controlled instruments

1. Control knives: such as daggers, three-edged scrapers, spring-loaded knives (jump knives) with self-locking devices, and other similar single-edged, double-edged, and three-edged sharp knives.

2. Others: such as crossbows, tear gas, tear gas guns, electric shock devices, etc.

3. Explosives

1. Blasting equipment: such as explosives, detonators, fuses, detonating cords, blasting agents, etc.

2. Fireworks: such as fireworks, firecrackers, firecrackers, crackers, smashing guns, colored powder shells and other fireworks and firecrackers, black powder, pyrotechnic powder, starting paper, ignition wire, etc.

3. Others: such as propellant, propellant, nitrocellulose, electric ignition head, etc.

4. Compressed and liquefied gases and their containers

1. Flammable gas: such as hydrogen, methane, ethane, butane, natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, ethylene, propylene, acetylene, lighters, etc.

2. Toxic gases: such as carbon monoxide, nitric oxide, chlorine, etc.

3. Explosive or suffocating, combustible gas: such as compressed oxygen, nitrogen, helium, neon, aerosol, etc.

5. Flammable liquids

Such as gasoline, diesel, kerosene, tung oil, acetone, ether, paint, lacquer, benzene, alcohol, rosin oil, etc.

6. Flammable solids, spontaneously combustible substances, and flammable substances in contact with water

1. Flammable solids: such as red phosphorus, sulfur, aluminum powder, glitter powder, solid alcohol, matches, activated carbon, etc.

2. Spontaneous combustion substances: such as yellow phosphorus, white phosphorus, nitrocellulose (including film), titanium powder, etc.

3. Flammable substances in contact with water: such as metal sodium, potassium, lithium, zinc powder, magnesium powder, calcium carbide (calcium carbide), sodium cyanide, potassium cyanide, etc.

7. Oxidants and peroxides

Such as permanganate, perchlorate, hydrogen oxide, sodium peroxide, potassium peroxide, lead peroxide, chlorate, bromate, nitrate, hydrogen peroxide, etc.

8. Toxic substances

Such as arsenic, arsenic, mercury, thallium, cyanide, selenium powder, phenol, mercury, highly toxic pesticides, etc.

9. Biochemical products, infectious and infectious substances

Such as germs, anthrax, parasites, excrement, medical waste, bones, animal organs, limbs, animal skins without nitration, animal bones without medicine, etc.

10. Radioactive materials

Such as uranium, cobalt, radium, plutonium, etc.

11. Corrosive substances

Such as sulfuric acid, nitric acid, hydrochloric acid, batteries, sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, etc.

12. Narcotics and drug tools, narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances for improper purposes, and precursor chemicals for improper purposes

1. Drugs, narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances: such as opium (including poppy husks, flowers, buds, leaves), morphine, heroin, cocaine, marijuana, methamphetamine (ice), ketamine, methcathinone, amphetamine, sodium coffee, etc.

2. Precursor chemicals: such as piperinaldehyde, safrole, sassafras oil, ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, hydroxyimide, o-ketone, phenylacetic acid, bromopropiophenone, acetic anhydride, toluene, acetone, etc.

3. Drug tools: such as curling, etc.

13. Illegal publications, printed materials, audio-visual products, and other publicity materials

For example, books, publications, pictures, photographs, audio-visual products, etc., which contain reactionary, inciting ethnic hatred, undermining national unity, undermining social stability, advocating cults, religious extremism, obscenity, etc.

14. Special equipment for espionage

For example, concealed eavesdropping equipment, photostealing equipment, burst transceivers, disposable code books, cipherwriting tools, electronic monitoring and interception equipment used to obtain intelligence, etc.

15. Illegal counterfeit goods

Such as counterfeit or altered currency, certificates, official seals, etc.

16. Infringement of intellectual property rights and counterfeit and shoddy goods

1. Infringement of intellectual property rights: such as books, audio-visual products that infringe on patents, trademarks, and copyrights.

2. Counterfeit and shoddy: such as counterfeit and shoddy food, medicine, children's products, electronic products, cosmetics, textiles, etc.

XVII. Endangered wild animals and their products

Such as ivory, tiger bones, rhinoceros horn and their products.

18. Prohibited entry and exit items

If there are food, medicine or other articles that are harmful to the health of humans and animals, come from epidemic areas and can spread diseases, and documents, materials and other articles involving state secrets.

19. Other items

The items specified in the Catalogue of Hazardous Chemicals, the List of Civil Explosives, the Catalogue of Hazardous Chemicals that Can Be Made into Explosives, the Catalogue of Classification and Varieties of Precursor Chemicals, and the List of Articles Prohibited from Entering or Leaving the Country of the People's Republic of China, as well as the first and second categories of pathogenic microorganisms listed in the List of Pathogenic Microorganisms Transmitted by Humans, as well as other items prohibited by laws, administrative regulations, and the provisions of the State Council and relevant departments of the State Council.

This "Article 20" should also be known!

When the mail and logistics company is carrying the goods

It is necessary to strictly implement customer identity checks

and security checks of the items to be carried

and the opening inspection system

Prohibited items may not be received or sent

At the same time, everyone wants to

Take the initiative to present a valid ID

Cooperate with the mail and logistics company to inspect the items

In this way, the safety of cargo transportation can be ensured

in everyday life

Your gesture

It is the greatest support for anti-terrorist work

Participate in counter-terrorism

Start with standard delivery

Source | Ping An Beijing