In recent months, ChatGPT has been born, and the topic of artificial intelligence is like a "bombshell" dropped on all walks of life, which undoubtedly brings changes to the field of life and health, subverting the inherent cognition of many people. ChatGPT reportedly achieved pass or near-pass scores on the U.S. Medical Practitioner Qualifying Exam.
Does this mean that artificial intelligence can replace doctors in the near future, or even now? To explore this, we did an experiment with ChatGPT.
Ask artificial intelligence, what if you have a headache?
It says that if you feel a headache, you can first stop what you are doing or other activities, find a quiet place to rest and relax. The second is to replenish water, because headaches are sometimes related to dehydration, you can drink some water or drink to replenish water. Third, light exercise can promote blood circulation and relieve physical stress, and you can do some simple stretching, walking or yoga. Fourth, applying a warm towel to the head or to an uncomfortable area can relieve pain. If that doesn't work, you can take some over-the-counter painkillers, but you must read the instructions before taking them. If the pain persists or worsens, or if it is accompanied by other symptoms, such as vomiting and blurred vision, you should see a professional doctor immediately.
Objectively speaking, this answer is still good, especially for occasional headaches. But if a person has chronic headaches or frequent migraines, these methods may have been used, may or may not be useful, and they do not feel that they are of any help.
Overall, it provides a generic recommendation rather than an individual's particular case. From this experiment, AI can indeed provide people with some basic recommendations, which are useful for most people, but are not diagnostic and treatment, nor are they individualized recommendations.
Ask the artificial intelligence again, if you have a headache and vomit, what kind of disease might it be?
The AI replied that headaches and vomiting are common symptoms, the most common of which is migraine, which is usually unilateral. The second may be concussion, which is usually caused by brain trauma, with headaches, nausea, vomiting and other symptoms, and may also cause confusion, cognitive impairment, etc. The third may be a brain tumor, a rare and serious condition that usually has headaches, nausea, vomiting, and can also cause symptoms such as vision, movement, and paresthesia. The fourth may be stroke, which is an emergency caused by blockage or rupture of cerebral blood vessels, usually with headache, nausea, vomiting and other symptoms, and may also lead to speech disorders and limb weakness.
Strictly speaking, this answer is not bad. Migraine and concussion will indeed cause nausea and vomiting, some brain tumors because of the occupancy, increase the pressure in the brain, will cause headache, vomiting, but if the tumor develops very slowly, the brain adapts, headache, vomiting symptoms will not be obvious. Strokes that cause headache and vomiting are mainly cerebral hemorrhages, and cerebral infarction is relatively rare, unless the infarction area is large. In addition, the really common and severe acute headache and vomiting is cerebral subarachnoid hemorrhage, which is usually not accompanied by symptoms of stroke such as inability to speak and hemiplegia.
From this experiment, it can be seen that artificial intelligence provides us with some basic ideas and directions, but it cannot yet make recommendations for diagnosis and treatment for individuals. If you have symptoms of headache and vomiting, it is best to seek medical attention in time for detailed examination and diagnosis, which is a responsible attitude towards health.
At the same time, it also shows that it is impossible for artificial intelligence to replace doctors at this stage.
First, it can only analyze and predict based on existing data, and cannot automatically obtain information. For example, doctors need to observe the patient's physical state, emotions, language expression, but also to personally carry out physical examination, visual touch and hearing, hope and smell, obtain abnormal signs, but also according to some clues, select appropriate tests, examinations, obtain objective evidence, and finally synthesize all information to judge, diagnose and prescribe, these artificial intelligence are difficult to do, let alone give patients invasive operations, surgery.
Second, the basis of treatment is the mutual trust between doctors and patients, doctors are not only treatment, communication, listening, comfort is also a very important part of treatment, patients have psychological needs, doctors also have care and support between people. Artificial intelligence is a cold and emotionless machine, which cannot give comfort and care to patients when they are in pain and sadness, and it is even more difficult to establish a relationship of mutual trust with patients.
Third, the analysis and judgment of artificial intelligence are based on data models, and it is difficult to provide accurate suggestions for individualized and non-standard cases, and even be wrong, especially in some emergency situations, blindly relying on artificial intelligence will only delay treatment.
Fourth, in terms of data security and medical ethics, our personal identity, medical history, and treatment plan are all private and sensitive, and handing over this data to artificial intelligence at will may be leaked. The basic principle of AI design is to provide the most accurate solution possible, and on this premise, it may violate human ethical laws and cause serious problems.
All in all, artificial intelligence is of some help to patients and doctors, but at this stage, it cannot replace the long-term experience of doctors, cannot establish mutual trust-patient relationships, cannot provide personalized services, and is more difficult to comply with medical ethics.
Finally, ask artificial intelligence, will artificial intelligence eventually replace doctors? Its answer is also more self-aware and clearly positioned!
ChatGPT answers, it is a doctor's helper, and it cannot completely replace. The near future is a new era of human-machine collaboration and mutual reinforcement, and the goal of medical artificial intelligence is neither replacement nor assistance, but integration. Through model training and iteration, artificial intelligence continues to learn new knowledge and thinking methods in the medical field, and relies on large-scale computing power for integration, and in the future, artificial intelligence will far surpass human doctors in terms of knowledge integrity and answer efficiency.
At the same time, artificial intelligence can provide more angles and content to inspire human doctors, provide an efficient and accurate knowledge base, improve doctors' ability to deal with various complex situations, and reduce the risk of misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis. In addition, ChatGPT can also act as a tireless online robot for pre-consultation, triage, etc., to provide patients with guiding help and have a better medical experience.
As for whether artificial intelligence will evolve into a specialist doctor in the future, providing patients with detailed and professional treatment suggestions and personalized decision-making, it will take more time to integrate massive medical knowledge, clinical guidelines and representative cases, and further breakthroughs in technology are needed to produce more and deeper understanding of human physiology and psychology. #人工智能 #