This martyr's certificate issued in the early days of the founding of New China is regarded by his family as Qian Zhuangfei's only relic. Except for the year he joined the party and sacrificed in what year, he left nothing, as if this life had come only for this mission. But this thin piece of paper clearly wrote who he was.
This is a movie poster more than 90 years ago, the poster designer is also the male protagonist of the movie, and his real name is Qian Zhuangqiu. In addition to acting, he is also proficient in medicine, good at calligraphy and painting, practicing medicine, and has worked as an art teacher. Today, he can be called "face value" and "slash youth".
If the years are quiet, he should have a comfortable, romantic life.
In 1925, Qian Zhuangqiu used the money his wife brought from his hometown to buy shares in a film company to cover underground work. That year, he joined the Communist Party of China.
Two years later, the storm suddenly changed. The Kuomintang reactionaries defected to the revolution and hunted down and killed the Communists. Qian Zhuangqiu hid in Shanghai and changed his name to Qian Zhuangfei.
In order to make a living, he followed the advertisement to enter the training course of the Shanghai International Radio Management Office. Who knows, it was this unintentional act that made Qian Zhuangfei, the "red spy" who later became famous in the history of the party.
Xu En, the director of the Shanghai International Radio Management Office at the time, once took a fancy to this little fellow countryman with little ability to speak and asked him to help manage the business.
In the summer of 1929, China held the first West Lake Exposition. In order to display advanced radio technology, a telegraph experience area was specially opened, with 2 cents a word, on-site shooting, and high popularity.
That's exactly what Qian Zhuangfei came up with. Participating in the preparation of the expo made him stand out, not only that, Qian Zhuangfei also collected a sum of money to send to Xu Mansion. Xu En's trust in him was redoubled and regarded as a confidant. After Xu En's transfer to Nanjing as director of the Investigation Section of the Organization Department of the Kuomintang Central Committee, he appointed Qian Zhuangfei as a confidential secretary and entrusted him with the heavy task of expanding the secret service system.
The stakes were high, and Qian Zhuangfei asked the Party Central Committee for instructions through various channels. Zhou Enlai thought that the opportunity was rare and decided to let Li Kenong, Hu Di and Qian Zhuangfei form a special party group.
Through Qian Zhuangfei's introduction, Li Kenong and Hu Di entered the Kuomintang secret service organs. This "iron triangle" has successfully made the enemy's intelligence system available to me. Chiang Kai-shek's top-secret intelligence on "encircling and suppressing" the central revolutionary base areas on two occasions was sent out by them in a timely manner. The Kuomintang troops had not yet moved, and the Red Army in Jiangxi had already made combat arrangements.
On the night of April 25, 1931, an urgent secret telegram was sent from Wuhan, six of which were signified as "Xu Enzen personally translated". Xu Enzen happened to be absent from Nanjing, and Qian Zhuangfei, who had a bad premonition, translated the secret telegram and was greatly shocked:
Dawn was arrested and surrendered, and if he can quickly reach Nanjing, all the organs of the Communist Party Central Committee can be eliminated within three days.
"Dawn" is Gu Shunzhang, the head of the CCP's special branch, who knows too many party secrets. Qian Zhuangfei realized that the Party Central Committee was in danger, and his identity might also be exposed, because the telegram reminded that Xu Enzen had the Communist Party around him!
Everything has to be raced against the clock. Qian Zhuangfei immediately sent his son-in-law Liu Qifu to Shanghai overnight, and as quickly as possible to send a message to his "uncle" that "the dawn is gone, his mother is critically ill, and he will be transferred to the hospital as quickly as possible."
"Uncle" is actually Li Kenong. Those 10 words of mouth are a "code word". After receiving the information, Zhou Enlai immediately made a decision, and four or five hundred people disappeared into invisibility within a day. Among them were Deng Xiaoping, Deng Yingchao, Chen Geng, Nie Rongzhen and others.
Qian Zhuangfei's side, calmly handling the affairs at hand, carefully sealing the secret electricity. In order not to fight the grass and snakes, he left his family behind, only got on the train, and rushed to Shanghai.
The net of arrest was quickly spread, but everywhere they went, people went to the empty building. Chen Lifu, an important member of the Kuomintang, helplessly reported to Chiang Kai-shek: How could it be so coincidental that Zhou Enlai slipped away every time.
This is no coincidence. Gu Shunzhang, a traitor who knew our party's hidden front, repeatedly demanded that no telegram be sent, but the Kuomintang officers thought that they wanted to seize the lead by catching the "big fish" and sent six top-secret telegrams to Nanjing, which happened to fall into the hands of Qian Zhuangfei.
When Xu Enzeng finally woke up, he only found the letter that Qian Zhuangfei left for him:
Mr. Ke Jun's Great Experience:
The line was hurried, and before he could say goodbye, he still prayed for forgiveness. The dispute over political views does not want to kill the children. Otherwise, once the news is disclosed, it is too late to regret the sir!
Qian Zhuangfei's grandson Qian Hong said:
My father (Qian Zhuangfei's eldest son, Qian Jiang), was only 12 years old, and before school that morning, my grandfather called him to his side and asked, "Can you cook?" The father did not know the meaning of the words, but replied: "I will cook noodles." Grandpa said to him, "Go to school!" After my grandfather left, my aunt and uncle were arrested and put in prison, and my father lived on the streets. This farewell has become an eternal recipe.
Qian Zhuangfei, Li Kenong and Hu Di were all safely transferred to the Central Soviet Region, where they were called the "Three Masters of Longtan" by Zhou Enlai. Zhou Enlai once said: If there had been no money to Zhuangfei, those of us would have been gone a long time ago. Behind the rewriting of history is the firm belief in the Longtan Tiger Cave, and the contest between selflessness and the fly camp dog.
In the Soviet zone, Qian Zhuangfei's artistic talent was released again. "Longtan Sanjie" participated in the compilation of a drama called "Killing Lushan", in which Qian Zhuangfei played Chiang Kai-shek. This drama greatly boosted morale. He also drew cartoons, wrote mastheads for the Red China newspaper, chatted with young people about the stars, and told them that the Big Dipper was guiding the way and that there might be life on Mars.
In 1934, the Red Army Martyrs' Memorial Tower was built in Ruijin, Jiangxi, and the designer was Qian Zhuangfei. The tower is inlaid with stones, symbolizing the life of heroic martyrs.
A year later, when the Red Army crossed the Wujiang River on the Long March, Qian Zhuangfei unfortunately disappeared.
In the picture on the right page (that is, the picture below), this martyr's certificate issued in the early days of the founding of New China is regarded by his family as Qian Zhuangfei's only relic. Except for the year he joined the party and sacrificed in what year, he left nothing, as if this life had come only for this mission. But this thin piece of paper clearly wrote who he was.
A hidden front, a battlefield without smoke of gunfire. For the sake of faith, for the sake of mission, how many communists hide themselves, but their names will never be hidden by the smoke and dust of history.
The above picture is excerpted from "Red Temperament"
As a brand column carefully created by Xinhua News Agency, "National Album" takes the lens into the Chinese photo archive, combines images and special effects, details little-known historical moments, and opens up those condensed times and lives.
Everyone has a unique spiritual temperament, and so does an organization. If temperament has color, the temperament of the Chinese Communist Party must be red. The century-long struggle has been magnificent and the great spirit has shone brightly. Generations of Chinese Communists have forged a common spiritual temperament and left countless shocking stories.
Relying on the precious photos exclusively collected by the China Photo Archive, many photos were released to the public for the first time, with a unique perspective to deeply tell the little-known people and things behind the photos, review the road traveled by the Communist Party of China in the past century from striving for national independence and people's liberation to realizing the prosperity and strength of the country and the happiness of the people, showing the faith and pursuit, responsibility and responsibility, temperament and feelings of generations of communists, and revealing the theme that the people are the Jiangshan and the Jiangshan is the people.