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Guam, located at the southern tip of the Mariana Islands in the western Pacific Ocean, is strategically located. However, despite its distance from the United States, Guam is part of the United States, which arouses curiosity. This article will delve into Guam's history, geography, and role in the global strategic landscape, and incorporate insights and analysis.
Guam was occupied by Spain, Japan, the United States and other countries. Although it is now part of the United States, it is 9,800 kilometers away from Los Angeles. This makes Guam an outlier in the United States homeland, where its inhabitants, although they have United States citizenship, do not have the right to vote, and are only the unconstitutional political entity of the United States. This unique status is not only the precipitation of history, but also reflects the complexity of the international political game.
Guam, although only 549 square kilometers in total, has a natural landscape as fascinating as Bali. The pleasant climate attracts a large number of tourists each year, bringing great economic benefits to Guam. In addition to English, Chinese, Japanese, Korean and other languages are also widely used, becoming a communication hub in the Asia-Pacific region. This multicultural background gives Guam a unique charm.
Guam is attracting attention not only for its beautiful scenery, but also for its geostrategic importance. Sitting in the heart of the Western Pacific, Guam has become a key liaison point for the United States, Japan, the Philippines and other countries. It not only controls the sea and air access to the Western Pacific, but also serves as a divergence point of military influence. Both the United States and other countries realized that controlling Guam meant expanding its influence halfway around the world.
Guam's history is full of twists and turns. Originally discovered by Magellan's fleet, it was occupied by Spain and became an important supply point for Philippine ships. Later, the United States rose to use Guam as a naval base, but withdrew it after the signing of the Washington Naval Treaty. However, World War II broke out and Japan once again occupied Guam. Until the end of the war, the United States reincorporated it into the territory. This historical precipitation reflects the complexity and unpredictability of the great power game.
Guam's diverse geomorphology varies greatly from volcanic mountains to the south and coral limestone terraces to the north. This led to the establishment of numerous military bases and fortifications at the northern end, as well as the presence of seaplane units. Guam's geography has created favourable conditions for it to become a militarily important location.
Today, Guam has become a key military defense site for the US military in the Pacific Ocean. The presence of a large number of military bases, missile defense systems, heavy bombers and other facilities makes it the front command center of the United States in the Asia-Pacific region. However, China's military rise has forced the United States to continuously strengthen its military construction in Guam to maintain its regional hegemony.
The current situation in Guam is complex and diverse. The island's population is about 173,000, including nearly 20,000 U.S. Marines. In addition, Guam is home to a large number of fighter jets, special forces and nuclear weapons storage bases. This militarized configuration has made Guam the focus of attention around the world.
However, Guam's military presence has also had a profound impact on the local economy and life. Agriculture and animal husbandry have gradually decreased, dependence on imported food has increased, and the economic structure has become deformed. At the same time, the United States invested heavily in the construction of military bases, which became the backbone of Guam's economy. This military-dependent economic structure makes Guam vulnerable in global politics.
To sum up, Guam, despite its strategic location, is also in the spotlight for its history, geopolitics, and military rivalry. Its tortuous history, special geography and complex realities all constitute a complex and multifaceted picture of Guam. In the future, Guam's status and destiny will continue to change as the international landscape continues to evolve. We must remain vigilant and understand its importance, while seeking peaceful and stable solutions to promote peace and development in the region and the world.
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