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The root cause of the peasants' low enthusiasm for planting is that growing grain is not profitable, and the deputies and members of the two sessions have found a way to solve it

author:Colorful drawing board aKI

#农民种地怎么会有积极性呢? #

Over the years, Chinese peasants' enthusiasm for cultivating the land has waned, and low levels of food production have become a common phenomenon. In this case, it is difficult for farmers to cross. Judging from the overall situation in the rural areas at present, with the exception of a small number of state-supported large farms, grain processing enterprises, and large enterprises, the economic interests of ordinary individual peasants are very limited, and the peasants' enthusiasm for growing grain is also very low.

Challenge analysis

Hu Peisong, academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering and director of the China Rice Research Institute, conducted an in-depth investigation on this issue at the National People's Congress and the National People's Congress and discovered the root cause of this phenomenon.

The root cause of the peasants' low enthusiasm for planting is that growing grain is not profitable, and the deputies and members of the two sessions have found a way to solve it

Small cultivated land: The cultivated land contracted by ordinary small farmers is small and small, which is not conducive to mechanized operations, and the production cost is high and the farming efficiency is low, which affects the economic benefits of farmers. In mountainous and hilly areas, the scarcity of land and the complexity of the terrain make it difficult for farmers to cultivate.

Advantages of intensive planting clusters: agricultural planting cooperatives, grain processing enterprises and large-scale grain growers established by the government can reduce production costs and increase planting efficiency through centralized land and mechanized management, so they have high enthusiasm. At the same time, however, it puts smallholder farmers at a disadvantage and makes it difficult to compete with large-scale growing organizations. With the transformation of the mainland's economic system and the massive outflow of rural labor, the income gap between urban and rural areas has further intensified.

The solution

The National People's Congress, members of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), Academician Hu Peisong and many other deputies and members of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) have provided three pragmatic suggestions on this issue:

The root cause of the peasants' low enthusiasm for planting is that growing grain is not profitable, and the deputies and members of the two sessions have found a way to solve it

In terms of policy guarantees, the state should intensify its support for grain production and ensure the economic returns of grain production. In recent years, the No. 1 document of the central government has clearly proposed to "promote agricultural income", but it still needs to be further implemented to ensure the enthusiasm of farmers to grow grain. Through subsidies and technical support for general farmers, they can achieve the purpose of increasing production and efficiency. For example, farmers are provided with high-quality seeds, agricultural technology training, agricultural insurance, etc., to increase their production and income.

Raise food prices appropriately: The government can raise food prices appropriately, thereby increasing farmers' income from food production. For ordinary farmers, although the cultivated land area is limited, as long as the yield per mu is high and the selling price is high, they can increase their income. It can not only arouse the enthusiasm of peasant households in growing grain, but also effectively regulate the income structure of rural residents and promote the development of the rural economy. At the same time, through the formulation of a grain market regulation and control system, we should ensure that peasant households can obtain reasonable incomes and reduce the impact of grain prices on peasant households.

The root cause of the peasants' low enthusiasm for planting is that growing grain is not profitable, and the deputies and members of the two sessions have found a way to solve it

Orderly circulation of rural land: Rural households can obtain land rent by transferring land to large grain producers and enterprises for compensation, and can also increase their income through various forms such as work. Such a process of farmland transfer can not only prevent the abandonment of farmland, but also improve the efficiency of farmland use. The state should introduce corresponding policies to regulate the circulation of farmland, protect the interests of farmers, and promote the rational development of farmland resources. At the same time, it is necessary to strengthen supervision over the circulation of agricultural land, prevent farmland from being used by a large amount of non-agricultural land, and protect the long-term interests of peasant households.

Ensuring the efficiency of grain production and enhancing peasants' enthusiasm for growing grain is an important issue facing China's rural economic development at present. Through policy support, grain price adjustment, land transfer and other policy measures, we can effectively solve various problems encountered by peasant households in the process of grain production and operation, and promote the sustained and healthy development of the rural economy in the mainland.

Looking ahead, China will have more policy measures and more capital investment to jointly create a better living and development environment. Only in this way can we truly realize the beautiful dream of "rural revitalization" and "China". I hope that the hard work of farmers will reap abundant fruits, and China's rural areas will usher in a richer and more prosperous future.