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Myocardial ischemia is easy to get myocardial infarction? Doctor reminds: If you want to have a healthy heart, you must pay attention to these points!

author:Talk about bones

In my career, I have witnessed many cases where neglect of daily health management has led to serious consequences. Myocardial ischemia and myocardial infarction are two of the most frightening diseases. These conditions can not only cause great physical suffering to patients, but can also have long-term effects on their quality of life. Therefore, as a doctor, I feel compelled to share some basic knowledge and precautions to help everyone stay away from these diseases.

Myocardial ischemia is easy to get myocardial infarction? Doctor reminds: If you want to have a healthy heart, you must pay attention to these points!

I remember one time when a middle-aged male patient was found to have an abnormal electrocardiogram during a routine physical examination. He usually has hardly any discomfort, only occasionally feeling chest tightness and fatigue, but this is not taken seriously. Further examination revealed that his coronary arteries had been partially occluded, typical of myocardial ischemia. Fortunately, we detected and intervened in time, and through medication and lifestyle adjustments, his condition was effectively controlled and a possible myocardial infarction was avoided. This case is a stark reminder that heart health cannot be ignored and that early diagnosis and prevention are crucial.

Basic knowledge of myocardial ischemia and myocardial infarction

Definition of myocardial ischemia and the mechanism that leads to myocardial infarction

Myocardial ischemia occurs when the heart muscle does not get enough oxygen and nutrients due to insufficient blood supply. This is usually caused by narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries, which are the result of a buildup of fat and other substances in the blood vessels. When a part of the heart muscle does not receive enough blood for a long time, it can lead to damage or necrosis of heart tissue, which is called myocardial infarction, commonly known as myocardial infarction.

Common symptoms of myocardial infarction and emergency identification

Typical symptoms of a myocardial infarction include chest pain (which often feels like pressure or pressure), difficulty breathing, cold sweats, nausea or dizziness. These symptoms may appear suddenly or may worsen gradually. It is important to note that some people, especially those with diabetes, may experience asymptomatic myocardial infarction.

Myocardial ischemia is easy to get myocardial infarction? Doctor reminds: If you want to have a healthy heart, you must pay attention to these points!

The identification of emergencies is crucial. Anytime you experience any of the above symptoms, especially if they persist for more than a few minutes, you should seek medical help immediately, even at rest. Delaying treatment not only increases the severity of heart damage, but can also be life-threatening.

Lifestyle recommendations for the prevention of myocardial ischemia

Myocardial ischemia is a warning of a heart attack, but fortunately, we can reduce this risk by making changes to our daily routines. Here are some practical tips to help you maintain heart health and prevent myocardial ischemia.

1. Eat a healthy diet: Heart-friendly food choices

To maintain heart health, a sensible diet is crucial. It is recommended to increase the proportion of whole grains, lean meats, fish, fresh fruits and vegetables, and low-fat dairy products in the diet. For example, fish rich in omega-3 fatty acids, such as salmon and mackerel, are especially good for the heart. At the same time, limit your intake of high-fat, high-sugar and processed foods, which can increase the burden on your heart and lead to weight gain, which in turn can affect your heart health.

2. Engage in regular physical activity: Stay active

The heart is a muscle that requires regular exercise to maintain its function. Adults are advised to do at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity per week, such as brisk walking, swimming, or cycling. Exercise can help control weight and reduce the risk of high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes, which are all major risk factors for myocardial ischemia.

3. Weight Management: Avoidance Fertilizer

Being overweight or obese is an important risk factor for myocardial ischemia. Maintaining a healthy weight, through proper diet and regular exercise, is essential to prevent myocardial ischemia. Using body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference measurements as a weight management tool can help you assess and maintain your ideal weight range.

Myocardial ischemia is easy to get myocardial infarction? Doctor reminds: If you want to have a healthy heart, you must pay attention to these points!

4. Management of hypertension and diabetes

Both high blood pressure and diabetes can cause damage to blood vessels and increase the risk of heart disease. Manage these conditions by checking your blood pressure and blood sugar levels regularly and following your doctor's recommendations. If necessary, these conditions can be controlled by adjusting your diet, increasing exercise, and taking medications.

Heart-healthy daily habits

Keeping your heart healthy is a long-term lifestyle choice that requires attention to detail in our daily lives. Here are a few daily habits that can help maintain heart health.

The importance of regular medical check-ups

In order to detect heart health problems early, regular medical check-ups are essential. Especially for adults over the age of 40, or for people with a family history of heart disease, have a heart health check at least once a year. Tests include blood pressure, cholesterol levels, blood sugar, and electrocardiograms. With regular check-ups, you can stay informed about your heart health and take preventive measures accordingly.

Manage stress and get enough sleep

Long-term stress and lack of sleep are both risk factors for heart problems. Ways to effectively manage stress include regular physical activity, meditation or counseling. Getting 7 to 8 hours of quality sleep each night is also essential for heart health. Avoid blue light from electronic devices that interfere with sleep, and try to do relaxation activities before bed, such as reading or listening to soft music.

The necessity of quitting smoking and drinking

Both smoking and excessive alcohol consumption have been shown to have serious negative effects on the heart. Quitting smoking can significantly reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke. If you're a smoker, seeking professional help to kick your craving is the first step to improving your heart health. At the same time, limiting alcohol consumption, especially reducing the intake of high alcohol and beer, can help keep blood pressure and heart rate normal.

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