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China has announced that it will go to Mars to dig around 2030, two years faster than NASA

author:Popular Science Lobby

The United States is about to lag behind again, seeing that the "return to the moon" has been postponed one after another, but the Chinese side is making rapid progress, and the "Chang'e-6" will go to the far side of the moon to take samples, and at the latest before 2030 manned landing on the moon.

In addition, the United States originally planned to land a manned person on Mars around 2030, but now this plan has been postponed until after 2040, and before that, the United States plans to take samples from Mars and is expected to return to Earth around 2033. Unexpectedly, China announced that it would complete the return of Mars samples around 2030.

China has announced that it will go to Mars to dig around 2030, two years faster than NASA

This also means that China will become the first country on Earth to return Mars samples, at least two years earlier than the U.S. Mars return program, and only if the U.S. can successfully complete the mission by 2033.

There are constantly new advances in China's aerospace industry, and new breakthroughs are coming, and NASA has obviously lagged behind, and this backwardness is not only in the development of aerospace projects, but also in some aerospace technology. So why is NASA lagging behind?

Let's find out!

China has announced that it will go to Mars to dig around 2030, two years faster than NASA

Since the Soviet Union launched the "Mars 1" in 1962, over the years, mankind has launched more than 40 probes to Mars, but only 8 probes have actually arrived on Mars and are working on Mars, including our country's first Mars probe "Tianwen-1".

In order to better understand Mars, and to help humans find a new home, and even to seek the possibility of future immigration to Mars, humans need to complete two major tasks first: first, Mars sample return, and second, manned landing on Mars.

Although human beings already have the technology to return samples from the moon and land people on the moon, the difficulty factor of going to Mars to complete these two major tasks is multiplier than that of going to the moon.

China has announced that it will go to Mars to dig around 2030, two years faster than NASA

In order to successfully complete these two tasks, two major difficulties need to be overcome:

First, after the probe successfully takes samples, how to let the probe fly away from the surface of Mars, return to the Martian orbit, successfully complete the sample transfer, and let the returner leave Mars smoothly, fly all the way to the Earth, smoothly enter orbit and land safely on the ground.

Second, it takes more than 500 days for the existing technology to travel to and from Mars, and how can we ensure the safety of astronauts and how can we provide a long-term and stable environment for life support when manned landings on Mars? In addition, these problems need to be solved in addition to the harsh climatic conditions on Mars, the landing and return technology of manned spacecraft, and how to develop Mars suits.

China has announced that it will go to Mars to dig around 2030, two years faster than NASA

However, now the continent has planned to complete the first mission around 2030, that is, the return of Martian samples, if everything goes well, the continent will carry out the second mission as soon as around 2033, so on the road of human exploration of Mars, the two major milestone historical moments may have to be completed by China's aerospace.

And before completing Mars sampling in 2030, the mainland will also launch "Tianwen-2" in 2025, and will also carry out asteroid sampling and return missions, and then launch "Tianwen-3" to Mars to sample and return to Earth.

China has announced that it will go to Mars to dig around 2030, two years faster than NASA

Speaking of which, whether it is Mars sampling and returning to Earth, or manned landing on Mars, in the past, many people thought that the United States would be the first country in the world to complete these two tasks, but now, the United States is obviously lagging behind, so what is the reason for this?

In fact, the answer is very simple, the first reason is that many of the existing technologies in the United States are indeed outdated, new technologies have encountered bottlenecks in research and development, and there is a shortage of skilled personnel; the second reason is that the budget allocated to NASA is not enough to spend, so many projects cannot be carried out smoothly.

This can be seen from the fact that many NASA space projects, including the "return to the moon" project, have begun to find a large number of cooperative countries, NASA's move is to share the budget, but NASA has found a group of "pig teammates", in addition to helping him share some budget, in terms of technology, but can not provide any substantial help at all.

China has announced that it will go to Mars to dig around 2030, two years faster than NASA

Speaking of outdated technology, some friends may think that the United States is the most developed country in the world, and in the past few decades, it has been "far ahead" in all aspects, and China's aerospace is just a "rising star", how can technology be more powerful than NASA?

In fact, this is really the case, although China's aerospace is a rising star, but relying on an independent development path, step by step, it can be said that it is steadily developing technology and completing plans, and our Chinese aerospace is also well stocked in terms of talents, and there are successors, which we can see from the live broadcast of space launches, the camera swept over the technicians, and found that they were all young faces.

China has announced that it will go to Mars to dig around 2030, two years faster than NASA

In order to reduce risks and save budgets, NASA has not focused on the research and development of new technologies, and NASA's existing scientific researchers are also using existing resources and mature technologies left in the past to complete a space mission.

And due to the lack of budget, and the labor cost is too large, NASA has also made many layoffs, for example, in February this year, a NASA laboratory in California, a one-time layoff of 530 people, so it is not surprising that NASA is now significantly behind China's aerospace in terms of project development and technology.

China has announced that it will go to Mars to dig around 2030, two years faster than NASA

In this regard, netizens have also expressed their opinions:

"It's over, the moon hasn't caught up with us yet, it's Mars again, and the falcons can't be busy smoking."

China has announced that it will go to Mars to dig around 2030, two years faster than NASA

"This time to Mars, our probe must be equipped with nuclear fuel cells to avoid the problem of insufficient power caused by Martian dust."

"It is China's consistent style to say that you must travel, so it will definitely be realized!"

China has announced that it will go to Mars to dig around 2030, two years faster than NASA

"The mission of Mars sampling wants to be successful, but it is much more difficult than the return of lunar sampling, and I hope it can be successful at one time!"

China has announced that it will go to Mars to dig around 2030, two years faster than NASA

Considering that it will take nearly two years to travel to and from Mars, if it wants to complete the mission of Mars sample return around 2030, the mainland is expected to launch "Tianwen-3" in 2028 and return to Earth in 2030 or 2031. Although it is very difficult, I believe that the motherland will succeed, so let's wait and see!

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