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If a child has a fever and sore throat and cough, is it mycoplasma, COVID or flu?

If a child has a fever and sore throat and cough, is it mycoplasma, COVID or flu?

If my child has a fever and sore throat and cough, is it mycoplasma, COVID or flu?

This winter, there has been a wave of infection in the pandemic of multiple respiratory pathogens, children have fever, sore throat, cough, these are the common characteristics of most pathogen infections, different pathogenic bacterial infections are treated with different drugs, so, once the child has symptoms, how should we choose drug treatment?

If a child has a fever and sore throat and cough, is it mycoplasma, COVID or flu?

Let's briefly analyze the symptoms of different pathogenic bacterial infections, there are certain differences:

First of all, from the perspective of fever, if you have high fever symptoms at the beginning, and the body temperature is above 39 degrees, most of them may be influenza A infection, and the new crown can also have high fever, but most of the mycoplasma infection and common cold are mainly low-grade fever, of course, there are exceptions.

If a child has a fever and sore throat and cough, is it mycoplasma, COVID or flu?

Secondly, from the perspective of cough symptoms, mycoplasma infection is mostly manifested as a gradual dry cough, influenza cough can be accompanied by a small amount of white sputum, and the cough of the new crown may be more violent, dry cough, and rarely have sputum symptoms.

If a child has a fever and sore throat and cough, is it mycoplasma, COVID or flu?

Third, from the perspective of pharyngeal symptoms, the "knife cut throat" of the new crown is more serious, the congestion is more obvious, and sometimes it is accompanied by dysphagia.

Fourth, from the point of view of the location of infection, mycoplasma infection of the lower respiratory tract and trachea is more obvious, while influenza is mainly in the upper respiratory tract, and the new crown infection may be infected in the upper respiratory tract and lungs.

If a child has a fever and sore throat and cough, is it mycoplasma, COVID or flu?

Most of us parents are not doctors, so it can sometimes be difficult to distinguish which infection is based on symptoms. Then, we can't blindly choose in terms of medication, and we must follow the necessary principles:

First, we should pay attention to the use of antipyretics, not to increase the dosage, and not to superimpose the same type of drugs. Fever is only more than 38 degrees, it is recommended to choose antipyretics, commonly used ibuprofen and acetaminophen, but some people take antipyretics while taking other compound cold medicines, but they do not know that most cold medicines contain these fever-reducing ingredients, which will cause the superposition of drug doses, and excessive use may cause liver and kidney damage, which is very risky.

Second, don't choose antibiotics randomly. In fact, azithromycin has great side effects and is easy to develop drug resistance, and quinolones such as moxifloxacin cannot be used in people under 18 years old, which will affect bone development. Tetracyclines also have some side effects. There are also cephalosporins and penicillins that are not effective against mycoplasma and viruses at all. Therefore, the choice of antibiotic is best used under the guidance of a doctor.

Third, do not use antiviral drugs lightly. Drugs such as ribavirin have been reported to have significant side effects, including reproductive toxicity, carcinogenicity, and cardiotoxicity. Although oseltamivir has the effect of preventing influenza, it also has certain side effects, including nausea and vomiting, and changes in mental status.

My suggestion is that when a child has a fever and cough, it is best to go to the hospital to identify the pathogenic bacteria, and then target treatment, and then use antibiotics when the blood white blood cells are elevated, and then use azithromycin for mycoplasma infection, etc., if it is a viral infection, drink more water, pay attention to rest, and treat the symptoms can gradually recover. #合胞病毒的传染性约是流感的2.5 times ##疾控: Mycoplasma pneumonia and influenza can be symptomatic diet ##肺炎支原体未来一段时间仍将持续高发#

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