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The United States has 7,040 cases, Japan has 1,982 cases, and China's ranking is very unexpected

author:A free-spirited literati

On the occasion of the commercial use of 5G, a new technological revolution has begun. As an important concept representing the future generation of mobile communication technology, 6G is becoming a new focus for countries to compete for layout. According to the data, China's total patent applications in the field of 6G have ranked first in the world, initially ahead of the United States and other scientific and technological powers. However, in terms of the scientific and technological strength and industrial base of China and the United States, this leading edge is still relatively fragile. In the next few years, with the maturity of 6G core technology and the acceleration of industrialization, the battle for technology dominance between China and the United States is bound to become more intense.

The United States has 7,040 cases, Japan has 1,982 cases, and China's ranking is very unexpected

Observing the international situation, it can be found that at the time of the commercial use of the fifth-generation mobile communication (5G) network, the technology research and development and planning of the sixth-generation mobile communication (6G) are also accelerating. As a new cellular mobile communication system after 5G, 6G has been given many expectations related to "intelligence" and "integration". Compared with the 5G peak rate of 20Gb/s, the theoretical peak rate of 6G is expected to reach 1Tb/s, which is equivalent to 10-100 times that of 5G. Compared with the millisecond latency of 5G, the transmission delay of 6G can be reduced to microseconds. The connection density will also be further increased by more than 1,000 times, truly realizing the ultra-high density connection of massive devices. It can be said that 6G is the key infrastructure and core competitive element of the Internet of Everything. Based on this cognition, major countries around the world are optimistic about the prospects of 6G and have taken it as the commanding heights of a new round of technological competition and laid out in advance.

The United States has 7,040 cases, Japan has 1,982 cases, and China's ranking is very unexpected

First of all, China has led the world in 5G commercialization for nearly a year, which provides a valuable window for seizing the 6G opportunity. At the beginning of 2020, Continental set up a 6G leading group and working group to formulate a project roadmap and carry out proof-of-concept in cutting-edge fields such as millimeter-wave and terahertz-wave communications. At the same time, ZTE, Huawei and other companies have also proposed an aggressive 6G commercial timetable to accelerate the progress of core technology research and development. In this context, the scale of China-related 6G patent applications has grown rapidly, and the data shows that it has led the world. This is mainly due to the guarantee provided by the mainland's increased investment in science and technology, as well as the continuous improvement of the company's R&D strength. Specifically, China has made original progress in the design and optimization of communication protocols at the layer, layer and NET layer, high-frequency power amplifiers, and large-scale multi-antenna technology, and some of the achievements have reached the international advanced level. Of course, from the perspective of overall national strength and scientific research accumulation, the gap between China and the major scientific and technological powers has not been fully filled, and it is still difficult to maintain a leading position.

The United States has 7,040 cases, Japan has 1,982 cases, and China's ranking is very unexpected

At the same time, as a critical information infrastructure, 6G is related to national information security and economic and social development, and the United States is also accelerating its deployment. Since 2020, the U.S. Congress has continued to increase funding for 6G scientific research, and has also introduced relevant bills to strengthen the government's leadership and coordination responsibilities. At the same time, the United States is also actively promoting collaborative innovation in production, education, research and application, and technology companies such as Apple, Qualcomm, and Intel have joined in. This model of gathering high-quality talents and resources has fully mobilized the innovation power of enterprises and academia. In addition to technological breakthroughs, the United States also sees 6G as an important opportunity to reduce dependence on foreign technology and achieve autonomy and control. Therefore, great efforts have been made in the top-level design to ensure the safety of the country's industrial chain. This kind of high-standard independent innovation and ecological construction will also be a serious challenge that China needs to face.

The United States has 7,040 cases, Japan has 1,982 cases, and China's ranking is very unexpected

In addition, other major economies such as Japan and South Korea have also put forward 6G development goals, but they lack core competitiveness compared with China and the United States. Japanese and South Korean companies are overly dependent on imports for 5G core technologies, and the domestic industrial system is not perfect. This restricts their autonomy and systematization in 6G innovation. Therefore, Japan and South Korea are more likely to choose to cooperate with the United States in the 6G layout, and it is difficult to form a decisive competitive strength by introducing core technologies to achieve follow-up development. In the future 6G field, the characteristics of the bipolar pattern between China and the United States will be more obvious.

The United States has 7,040 cases, Japan has 1,982 cases, and China's ranking is very unexpected

In summary, although China is leading in the initial R&D and patent applications for 6G, this advantage is relatively fragile and faces strong challenges. Because from the perspective of overall national strength, scientific research strength and even industrial supporting capacity, the gap between China and the United States has not been fully filled, which is mainly reflected in: insufficient manufacturing capacity of core devices and dependence on imports of key materials; The originality and systematization of new antennas and advanced algorithms need to be improved; Industrial chain coordination and technical standardization also need to be accelerated.

The United States has 7,040 cases, Japan has 1,982 cases, and China's ranking is very unexpected

In the face of the strategic opportunity of a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation, China must firmly seize the initiative of development, vigorously promote independent innovation, and promote in-depth collaboration between industry, academia and research, so as to win the technological commanding heights of future mobile communications.

First, it is necessary to focus on overcoming a number of key core technologies with high frequency and large bandwidth, and realize independent and controllable new materials, high-end devices, basic software and hardware, etc., so as to support the subsequent industrialization process. At the same time, it is necessary to strengthen the top-level system-level design and standard formulation, and improve the quality of independent intellectual property rights.

The United States has 7,040 cases, Japan has 1,982 cases, and China's ranking is very unexpected

Second, it is necessary to attach great importance to the technical verification and commercial incubation of typical application scenarios. Make full use of the vast 5G application market in mainland China, and actively explore 6G commercial solutions in industrial manufacturing, autonomous driving and other fields to seize the blue ocean of the future.

Third, it is necessary to deepen the collaborative innovation of industry, university and research, and form an efficient linkage between the technological innovation chain, the industrial chain and the application chain. This requires the correct handling of the relationship between the market mechanism and the guidance of the government, and fully mobilizes the enthusiasm of all innovative subjects. At the same time, it is also necessary to strengthen international cooperation and achieve positive interaction.

Fourth, it is necessary to comprehensively improve the capacity and governance level of cyber security, and build a solid security barrier for the development of the digital economy. In addition, it will build a fair, open, standardized and efficient industrial ecology to provide a solid foundation for China's solutions to achieve large-scale replication and application.

The United States has 7,040 cases, Japan has 1,982 cases, and China's ranking is very unexpected

At present, the competition between China and the United States in science and technology is becoming increasingly fierce and has risen to the height of institutional competition. In this cold war of science and technology, no one waits for time, and only independent innovation is the foothold. 6G has become a window of opportunity to once again prove China's scientific and technological strength and institutional effectiveness. Let us be firm and confident, work in unity, promote the healthy development of 6G with the spirit of ownership, and respond to the world's concern about China's scientific and technological progress with excellent results! With the commercialization of 5G and the gradual enrichment of application scenarios, major countries around the world have set their sights on the next generation of mobile communication technology - 6G. Compared with 5G, 6G will achieve an order of magnitude leap in multiple dimensions such as connection rate, latency, and connection density, and is regarded as a key infrastructure for realizing the Internet of Everything. Therefore, around the formulation and commercial application of 6G standards, a potential battle for technology dominance has quietly begun.

First, China has seized the strategic opportunity window for 5G commercialization and deployed 6G technology research and development as soon as possible. Compared with the slower progress of 5G construction in the United States, China has made early deployment, creating favorable conditions for enterprises to deploy early.

The United States has 7,040 cases, Japan has 1,982 cases, and China's ranking is very unexpected

Second, Chinese enterprises have improved their core technology research and development capabilities, and made progress in cutting-edge technologies such as millimeter wave and terahertz wave. This lays the foundation for enterprise application transformation and early 6G patents.

Third, China has increased its investment in scientific research, selected typical scenarios to build 6G pilot areas, and verified core technical indicators. This creates a good ecosystem for the commercial application of enterprises.

Of course, China's 6G development also faces challenges in spectrum allocation and system security. However, on the whole, China's strategic deployment and industrial layout have won it the first opportunity, and the initial leading trend is expected to continue.

At the same time, the United States, which is in a catch-up position, is also actively responding, mainly from the following aspects

The United States has 7,040 cases, Japan has 1,982 cases, and China's ranking is very unexpected

Aspects of deployment:

The first is to increase investment in scientific research. The U.S. Congress increased its funding for 6G-related research by nearly 50% in 2022. At the same time, a bill was introduced to require agencies to develop a national plan and technology roadmap for 6G.

It is foreseeable that relying on its strong scientific and technological strength, the United States has every potential to catch up with and surpass China's current leading position in the near future. Therefore, the competition between China and the United States in the field of 6G will only intensify in the next few years. Unlike China and the United States, countries such as Japan and South Korea are only in the stage of follow-up development due to the incomplete 5G local industrial system, and it is difficult to form real competition.

Looking to the future, as a key infrastructure that will lead the world into a new era of intelligent interconnection, 6G's standard formulation and technical path will have a profound impact on the development of the global industry. Therefore, China must seize the current leading edge, accelerate the layout, and strive to occupy a dominant position in 6G technology innovation and application. The specific recommendations are as follows:

The United States has 7,040 cases, Japan has 1,982 cases, and China's ranking is very unexpected

Second, we will deepen the layout of typical 6G application scenarios such as artificial intelligence and autonomous driving, and seize the commanding heights of commercialization.

Third, further strengthen the collaborative innovation system of production, education, research and application, and accelerate the formation of a closed-loop innovation chain, industrial chain, and application chain.

Fourth, speed up the top-level design, improve the technical standard system and policies and regulations, and provide institutional guarantee for the rapid and healthy development of the industry.

Fifth, we attach great importance to the construction of network security and prevent potential risks.

The United States has 7,040 cases, Japan has 1,982 cases, and China's ranking is very unexpected

6G is not only related to the advantages and disadvantages of competition in the digital economy, but also related to the overall scientific and technological strength and economic security of the country. China must highlight its key points, concentrate its efforts, and strive to be the leader of the new generation of information technology revolution. Let us be full of confidence to meet new opportunities and challenges, and reshape the world with Chinese technology, Chinese standards and Chinese solutions!

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