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"Dual" Empire: In the Yuan Dynasty, which was founded by force, what was the experience of being called "Wuzong" by the temple?

author:The old room of the Supreme Red Face Study

#元朝到底算不算中国的正统王朝?#, China for 5,000 years, Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties, the Yuan Dynasty was a short period of rapid prosperity and rapid death in these dynasties, but in this short period of time, many earth-shattering events occurred, which was enough to make the Yuan Dynasty famous in history.

The Yuan Dynasty ruled by the Mongols was based on "Wu", and it ended with "Wu", and during this period, there was only one emperor whose temple name was "Wuzong", and how "martial" was this Wuzong. Let's take a look at Yuan Wuzong Haishan, what earth-shattering things has he done?

Is the Yuan Dynasty considered Chinese orthodoxy?

The Yuan Dynasty was actually a "dual" empire

"Dual" Empire: In the Yuan Dynasty, which was founded by force, what was the experience of being called "Wuzong" by the temple?

Yuan Dynasty, it is indeed Chinese orthodoxy. Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties, these five are connected, but the empire established by the northern minority regime, it also has its particularity, it is a dual empire, what is going on?

In fact, starting with Kublai Khan, including other monarchs of the Yuan Dynasty, were both emperors of the Central Plains and khans of the steppes, but we cannot deny their legitimacy because of this duality, and the two are not in conflict.

Founding Emperor of the Yuan Dynasty

The ancestor of the Yuan dynasty, Kublai Khan

"Dual" Empire: In the Yuan Dynasty, which was founded by force, what was the experience of being called "Wuzong" by the temple?

Ancestral image

Nickname: Emperor Wenwu of Shengde Shengong

Mongol Khan: "Xue Chan Khan"

Yuan Chengzong's son is only Jin Timur

"Dual" Empire: In the Yuan Dynasty, which was founded by force, what was the experience of being called "Wuzong" by the temple?

Yuan Chengzong image

谥号: Emperor Zhong Ming 广孝

Mongol Khan: "Wanzedu Khan"

Yuan Wu Zong's son is only Jin Haishan

"Dual" Empire: In the Yuan Dynasty, which was founded by force, what was the experience of being called "Wuzong" by the temple?

Yuan Wushu Image

谥号: Emperor Renhui Xuanxiao

Mongol Khan: "Khan of Qulu"

Yuanrenzong's son is only a catty, and he loves to educate Li Bali

"Dual" Empire: In the Yuan Dynasty, which was founded by force, what was the experience of being called "Wuzong" by the temple?

Former Renshu image

谥号:圣文钦孝帝

Mongol Khan: "Puyandu Khan"

Yuan Yingzong's son is only Jin Shuode Ba

"Dual" Empire: In the Yuan Dynasty, which was founded by force, what was the experience of being called "Wuzong" by the temple?

Former Eishu image

谥号: Emperor Wenxiao

Mongol Khan: "Gejian Khan"

Emperor Taiding's son is only Jin and Sun Temur

"Dual" Empire: In the Yuan Dynasty, which was founded by force, what was the experience of being called "Wuzong" by the temple?

Emperor Taiding

Popular science: Emperor Taiding and Emperor Tianshun are considered illegal monarchs, and there is no Shang Han Wenmiao and Mongolian Khan.

Emperor Tianshun is only Jin Asuji eight

"Dual" Empire: In the Yuan Dynasty, which was founded by force, what was the experience of being called "Wuzong" by the temple?

Emperor Tianshun

There is no Han Wen Temple, Xuan and Mongolian Khan

Yuan Wenzong is only Jin Tutimur

"Dual" Empire: In the Yuan Dynasty, which was founded by force, what was the experience of being called "Wuzong" by the temple?

Yuan Wenzong image

谥号: Emperor Yu Ming Yuanxiao

Mongolian Sweat: "Bill Fang Sweat"

Yuan Ming Zong is only a catty and a world

"Dual" Empire: In the Yuan Dynasty, which was founded by force, what was the experience of being called "Wuzong" by the temple?

Yuan Myeongzong image

Emperor Jingxiao Wings

Mongolian Sweat: "忽都笃sweat"

Yuanning Zong'er is only a Jin Yi Xuan quality class

"Dual" Empire: In the Yuan Dynasty, which was founded by force, what was the experience of being called "Wuzong" by the temple?

Yuan Yong Sect Image

谥号:冲圣嗣孝帝

The last emperor of the unified regime of the Yuan Dynasty

Yuan Huizong's son is only a Jin and a good Timur

"Dual" Empire: In the Yuan Dynasty, which was founded by force, what was the experience of being called "Wuzong" by the temple?

Yuan Emperor Image

谥号:顺帝

Mongol Khan: "Uhatu Khan"

Before the unification of the Yuan Dynasty, the entire land of China had been divided for more than 350 years, and it can be said that the unification of China by the Mongols was a pioneering achievement for thousands of generations. Thankfully, after a long period of great division, the relatively loose and disorderly Yuan Dynasty was born. It was not Zhu Yuanzhang, who had a relatively high degree of authoritarianism, to complete such a large-scale cultural and economic integration work.

Because this time has been divided for too long, each other is not allowed to give in, no one knows whom, in this case, "integration" must be in a relatively relaxed environment to let everyone as free and barbaric as possible, this is to grab time with the previous lost 350 years, a point of loose control, the speed of integration can be faster, and the foundation of everyone to establish a common identity can be a point deeper. This is also a great benefit of the unification of China by the Yuan Dynasty.

Although the Mongols are "going all over the world by force", they are unique in the field of cultural and economic convergence, how "showy" they are, let's take a look, first of all, economic integration.

Everyone does not know that although China has a large land and abundant resources since ancient times, but the products are extremely unbalanced, at that time there were in the Western Xia, the Northern Song Dynasty did not, the Southern Song Dynasty did not, and the Jin Kingdom did not, to give an example.

At that time, there were many craftsmen in the Southern Song Dynasty, but the cotton production was insufficient, and although Mongolia had a high cotton yield, there were no craftsmen and technology, and similar things abounded.

After the unification of the Yuan Dynasty, this situation did not exist, and the nomads themselves had trade contacts, so the Yuan Dynasty was extremely developed both in domestic and foreign trade.

The network of canals and post roads spread throughout the country, which led to the rapid integration of the economic differences between the north and the south, and the formation of a national market, which had the advantage that the Jurchens living in the northeast could also drink Pu'er tea from Yunnan.

The deeper benefit is that the market has expanded unprecedentedly, and the scale of production has begun to be stimulated, and its production relations have changed accordingly.

Let's take a look at cultural integration, everyone knows that the Northern Song Dynasty was destroyed by the Jin, but in the end of the Jin Dynasty, the rulers of the Jin State have always regarded themselves as the successors of the Northern Song Dynasty. Among them, the most popular is the "Three Sus Learning", although Cheng Zhu Lixue originated in the north, but in the Jin Dynasty only the remnants of the branches.

After the unification of the Yuan Dynasty, the northern opera flowed rapidly southward, and a large number of artists began to go south, and Guan, Bai, Ma, and Zheng Si also rushed to the south of the Yangtze River, making miscellaneous operas and Yuan operas begin to flourish.

It is not difficult to see from here that before the unification of the Yuan Dynasty, there was actually a considerable degree of estrangement between the northern and southern cultures, showing strong regional characteristics. If there is another 180 years of division, everyone's sense of cultural identity with each other will inevitably be further reduced.

Therefore, the true significance of the Yuan Dynasty in ancient Chinese history lies in the fact that it was a major and successful adjustment, which allowed the change of two different civilizations caused by the Song-Jin confrontation to be terminated in time. From the point of view of unification, this is an indispensable achievement.

Within the territory of the Yuan Empire, the diversity of society and the heterogeneity of civilizations were all challenging the traditional Han civilization, and not all Han people could withstand such challenges. Therefore, Zhu Yuanzhang was born and established the last Ming Dynasty ruled by the Han Chinese.

"Dual" Empire: In the Yuan Dynasty, which was founded by force, what was the experience of being called "Wuzong" by the temple?

Yuanwuzong Seamount Image

In the Yuan Dynasty, which was founded by martial arts, it was able to be called "Wuzong" by the temple, how "martial" was Haishan?

Haishan sought to seize the throne by force

The queen who gave death to Yuan Chengzong "Buruhan"

Boyue Wushi - Buruhan, she was the daughter of the concubine Tarris, and was the empress of Timur of Yuan Chengzong.

In 1299, the third year of Dade, she was the only queen who received the treasure of Timur. Yuan Chengzong was ill in his later years, and Empress Buruhan was in the middle, and she was more prepared for the national government, and the government of great virtue, known as Pingyun, was executed later.

Empress Buruhan served in the late Dade period for many years, and had a deep relationship with many Hui ministers in the Zhongshu Province and the Privy Council. Therefore, Buruhan intended to manipulate the court internally, and rely on the military power in Ananda's hands externally, so as to achieve the goal of the imperial system.

Ananda himself also wanted to compete for the throne as the grandson of the ancestor because of his heavy army. The two sides formed an alliance in order to jointly pay for Haishan in the north of the town and his younger brother Aiyu Li Bali Bada, and were called "Hui Evil and False Accusations" by the Han Confucian giants at that time.

The other party vying for the throne with her is the Haishan brothers, Haishan has been in the north for many years, and has made outstanding achievements in several tough battles with the king of the northwest during the Dade period, and he is the grandson of the prince of Zhenjin, and he is very supported by the Mongolian princes and generals who have fought in Mobei.

Bruhan had long been wary of Haishan's mother and son getting on the throne. In October 1305, the ninth year of Dade, she relegated Aiyuli Bali Bada and her mother Yuji to Huaizhou with the power of Zhonggong Bingzheng, in an attempt to restrict their movement by severing their ties with the center of the imperial court.

"Dual" Empire: In the Yuan Dynasty, which was founded by force, what was the experience of being called "Wuzong" by the temple?

Yuan Cheng Zong Dynasty Clothing Image

On the eighth day of the first month of the first month of 1307 in the eleventh year of Dade, Yuan Chengzong died at the age of forty-two. According to the old Mongolian custom, after the death of the Great Khan, the queen should be the regent and preside over the Kuritai assembly to elect the new Khan. However, Bruhan tried to control the court in order to satisfy his own interests. She and the left prime minister, Ahutai, prepared to support Chengzong Timur's cousin, Ananda, the king of Anxi.

After the death of Yuan Chengzong, Hara Hasun immediately secretly sent people to inform Haishan in Mobei and Daji and Aiyuli Bali in Huaizhou. At this time, Bu Luhan had already made a secret system to cut off the post road to Mobei.

In 1307 A.D., Haishan led the army from the Jinshan front line to the east and arrived in Helin, convened a meeting of the kings and relatives of Lingbei, and killed the queen of Hechi Wen, who conspired with Ananda, and persuaded the ministers of the clan to persuade him.

At this time, Haishan had already learned that his mother and his younger brother Aiyu Li Bali Bada had arrived in Dadu first. In May of that year, Haishan and his mother agreed that his younger brother Aiyu Li Bali Bada was in the upper metropolis, and he was inaugurated as the new Khan at the Kuritai Conference, which was Yuan Wuzong, and the name of the year was changed to "Zhida" in the second year.

Yuanwuzong Haishan took the lead in leading the guards to break into the inner court and arrest the Zuo Prime Minister Ahutai and Ananda, the king of Anxi, and others, killing them all for the crime of "disturbing the family law of the ancestors", deposing the queen of Chengzong, Bu Luhan, and ordering her to be killed on the spot.

Preserve China from the Islamization of ancient China

Yuan Wuzong contributed to the continuation of Chinese civilization

"Dual" Empire: In the Yuan Dynasty, which was founded by force, what was the experience of being called "Wuzong" by the temple?

Yuan Wushu Image

The succession of Yuan Wuzong Haishan made a great contribution to the continuation of Chinese culture, but what was going on? In a palace struggle in 1307 AD, Chinese civilization was facing a great danger.

Yuan Shizu's grandson, Ananda, was an Islamist, opposed to Chinese culture, was familiar with the Qur'an, was proficient in Arabic, and was the governor of Ningxia (Daru Huachi), a passionate propagandist of Islam in his sphere of influence. His father, Yuan Chengzong, imprisoned him for a time in order to convert him to Buddhism.

When Yuan Chengzong died, Ananda tried to seize the throne, because Haishan respected Confucianism and loved Chinese civilization. The power struggle ended with the victory of Haishan, and Chinese culture was thus averted from a catastrophe.

"Dual" Empire: In the Yuan Dynasty, which was founded by force, what was the experience of being called "Wuzong" by the temple?

Yuanwuzong Seamount Image

"Haishan" was given the throne and Ananda was executed. This allowed Chinese civilization to avoid the possibility of a radical change to Islam.

During the four years of Yuan Wuzong's reign, the contradictions within China were alleviated, and the rule of the Yuan Dynasty was stable and smooth.

What is the meaning of the "temple number" of the ancient emperor?

The temple number is the name of the ancient Chinese emperor after his death in the temple when he set up a proclamation and worship, and the meaning of the temple name "Wuzong" is very positive and positive, such as "the enemy is said to be martial", "the calamity is said to be martial", "the criminal people overcome the martial arts". However, the temple name "Wu" is not necessarily the same as the "Emperor Wu" (nickname) known as "Meizhen", which is full of praise.

The "temple number" can be traced back to the Yin Shang period at the earliest, and the temple number is the special name given to him by the descendants of the emperor when they worship him in the temple, and its regulations are extremely strict, and it is not like a nickname that anyone can have.

The temple name was originally based on the standard of "ancestors are meritorious and the ancestors are virtuous", and the founding monarch is generally the ancestor and heir monarch who has the ability to govern the country. The Zhou Dynasty established the system of nicknames, and gave a definitive evaluation of the life of the monarch and ministers, and the temple number system was abolished.

The Qin Dynasty even abolished the system of nicknames, and the Han Dynasty inherited the system of temple names later. In the entire Western Han Dynasty, only four emperors obtained the temple number, but since the Tang Dynasty, the temple number has been abused, and each emperor can obtain it, replacing the role of the coffin cover.

After the Sui and Tang dynasties, all emperors formulated a rule, that is, no bad temple numbers were allowed, and all good temple numbers were used. "Wuzong" is also a very good temple name, but the emperor is very bad.

Generally speaking, the choice of the temple number does not refer to the law, but it also has the meaning of praise and disapproval. When calling, the temple number is often placed before the name, and together with the name, it constitutes the full number of the dead emperor.

Who are the emperors whose temple name is "Wuzong" in history?

Tang Wuzong - Li Yan

"Dual" Empire: In the Yuan Dynasty, which was founded by force, what was the experience of being called "Wuzong" by the temple?

Tang Wuzong Images

Li Yan's real name is Li Xiao (chán), born in the East Palace in 814 A.D. in the ninth year of Yuanhe, his mother is Empress Xuanyi Wei, he is the fifth son of Li Heng of Tang Muzong, and the half-brother of Li Zhan of Tang Jingzong and Li Ang of Tang Wenzong.

In the first year of Changqing in 821 A.D., he was named King Ying.

In 840 A.D., after the death of Tang Wenzong, King Yingqian ascended the throne for Tang Wuzong.

In the first month of the first year of Huichang in 841 A.D., Tang Wuzong issued an edict: "The punishment of the imperial court should be treated equally, and the officials should be corrupt and pervert the law, and there should be no special treatment. Whoever embezzles more than 1,000 dollars from an official shall be sentenced to death. ”

In this way, in the form of an edict, the standard for severely punishing corruption was stipulated, and it can be seen that Tang Wuzong was determined to build a clean and honest government.

On the first day of March in the sixth year of Huichang, 846 A.D., the edict was changed to Li Yan. Tang Wuzong often rode horses and played, and often took his favorite Wang Cairen, who was born as a handan dancer, to the teaching workshop to drink and have fun, and play with the musicians, just like a banquet for ordinary people.

Born with three martial arts calamities to my sect, the release of the son returned to the home tower temple empty

In 845 A.D., in view of the expansion of Buddhist power, as well as the persuasion of Li Yan's favored Taoist priests Zhao Guizhen, Liu Yuanjing and others, Tang Wuzong issued an edict to demolish Buddhist temples, Wuzong destroyed Buddhism on a large scale this time, and demolished more than 4,600 temples in the world, demolished more than 40,000 Zhaoti and Lanruo, and made more than 260,000 monks and nuns return to the laity, confiscated 150,000 slaves and maids and a large number of temple land.

Wuzong's extermination of Buddha dealt a heavy blow to the monastic economy, increased the government's taxpayer population, and expanded the country's economic resources. In the process of "abolishing Buddhism", the other four foreign religions: Zoroastrianism, Manichaeism, Nestorianism and Islam were also abolished.

All the Daqin Temples (Jingjiao) and Mani Temples in the country were demolished together; most of the Hui Christians were expelled, and most of them died; there were 70 female Mani in the capital, and they all committed suicide because they had no shelter; and more than 2,000 Jing monks and Zoroasanga monks were released and returned to the laity.

Due to the success of the destruction of the Buddha, the tax sources of the Tang Dynasty government were expanded and the centralized power was consolidated. But in the process of demolishing the monastery, the economic losses were not small.

There may be many reasons for Tang Wuzong's destruction of Buddhism, the most important of which is that the power of Buddhism was very strong at that time, Tang Wuzong said in his will that the scale of Buddhist monasteries is larger than the imperial palace, and the temples do not pay taxes, which is a major loss to the country's finances.

At the same time, too many monks will also affect production activities, resulting in land famine and people's hunger, and affecting the stability of the country. Another possibility is that Tang Wuzong himself was more Taoist and therefore attacked Buddhism. "Huichang Forbidden Buddha" is another heavy blow to Buddhism after Emperor Taiwu of the Northern Wei Dynasty and Emperor Wu of the Northern Zhou Dynasty.

Tang Wuzong Li Yan had been taking the elixir of longevity for a long time, and his personality became more and more impatient and moody. Soon after, Li Yan's condition deteriorated rapidly, so that he was speechless for more than ten days.

"Dual" Empire: In the Yuan Dynasty, which was founded by force, what was the experience of being called "Wuzong" by the temple?

Tang Wuzong Images

On March 23, 846, the sixth year of Huichang, Tang Wuzong Li Yan died at the Daming Palace in Chang'an at the age of Chinese New Year's Eve. After his death, he was called "Emperor Zhaosu Xiao", and the temple name was Wuzong, and he was buried in Duanling in Sanyuan County, Jingzhao Prefecture. His concubine Wang Cai hanged herself for his martyrdom.

Tang Wuzong Li Yan became another emperor in the Tang Dynasty after Taizong, Xianzong, and Muzong who died because of taking elixirs.

Ming Wuzong - Zhu Houzhao

"Dual" Empire: In the Yuan Dynasty, which was founded by force, what was the experience of being called "Wuzong" by the temple?

Zhu Houzhao

Zhu Houzhao, born in Beijing in 1491 AD, is the eldest son of Zhu Youzhi of Ming Xiaozong, and his biological mother is Empress Zhang. He was the tenth emperor of the Ming Dynasty, and his year name was "Zhengde".

In 1505, the eighteenth year of Hongzhi, Zhu Houzhao, who was only 15 years old, ascended the throne, and changed the Yuan to the first year of Zhengde in the following year.

Under Liu Jin's guidance, Wu Zong played more and more outrageously. First, many shops were built in the palace imitating the appearance of the market, and the eunuchs were pretended to be bosses and common people, and Wu Zong pretended to be rich merchants and had fun in them. I didn't think it was enjoyable, so I imitated the brothel again, let many palace maids pretend to be fans, Wu Zong went in from house to house to listen to music and lewd music, and the harem made a miasma, which made the ministers of the dynasty anxious.

Ming Wuzong wanted to break some of the confinements imposed on him, and wanted to act according to his true thoughts, even if it violated the ancestral teachings and social habits of previous dynasties, he did not hesitate to do so.

Wu Zong used various methods to recruit male pets, and he selected prostitutes from among the eunuchs in the palace as his personal retinue, and of course engaged in sexual entertainment with them.

Zhu Houzhao specially selected the handsome ministers to be pampered, named "Lao Erdang". Among these male pets, Jiang Bin and Xu Tai were both rewarded by Wuzong for their bravery and good fighting, so that Wuzong "went in and out of the leopard room and lay down together", and they were very lucky. He also generously named the male favorites "righteous sons", gave them the surname Zhu, and built luxury mansions for them.

In 1508, the third year of Zhengde, Ming Wuzong left the forbidden city and lived in a new house in the northwest of the imperial city.

Popular science: "Leopard Room" is not the creation of Ming Wuzong, it is a place where feudal emperors and nobles raise tigers and leopards and other fierce beasts for fun.

This new house of the leopard house was built in the second year of Zhengde, and more than 200 houses were added in the seventh year of Zhengde, costing more than 240,000 taels of silver. In fact, it is not a place to raise leopards, and it is not a simple palace in the general sense.

In fact, it was the place where Ming Wuzong lived and dealt with the government, and some people believe that it was the political center and military headquarters at that time.

There are many secret rooms in the new house of the leopard house, like a labyrinth, and there are brothels, school fields, Buddhist temples, and even many animals, Wu Zong has bought a large number of fierce beasts to test, and found that the leopard is the most ferocious, so raise more leopards. Wu Zong recruited prostitutes every day, and he was extravagant.

In September of the fifteenth year of Zhengde, Ming Wuzong unfortunately fell into the water when playing, Zhu Houzhao, who grew up in Beijing, did not know how to swim, and was in a hurry after falling into the water, a burst of fluttering, although the relatives rescued him, but the water choked into the lungs, coupled with panic and palpitations, the autumn cold, caused pneumonia.

In the first month of 1521 in the sixteenth year of Zhengde, Wu Zong and his entourage returned to Beijing. On the fourteenth day of the first lunar month, Wu Zong presided over the grand ceremony in the southern suburbs. At the beginning of the ceremony, Wu Zong bowed to heaven and earth, suddenly spat blood from his mouth, collapsed to the ground, and could no longer get up, and the great gift had to be terminated.

"Dual" Empire: In the Yuan Dynasty, which was founded by force, what was the experience of being called "Wuzong" by the temple?

Mingwu Sect Images

In March, when Wu Zong was already in a dying state, he said to the celebrant and eunuch: "I can't do anything about my illness. He reached the queen mother with his intentions, and the world was serious, and he was tried and dealt with by the ministers. The past is all wrong, and it is not something that you can predict. After speaking, he died in the leopard room, when he was Chinese New Year's Eve one year old, and after his death, he was called Chengtian Dadao Yingsu Ruizhe Zhaode Xiangong Hongwen Si Xiaoyi Emperor, the temple name Wuzong, buried in the Ming Ming Tombs Kangling.

The above three temple names are the emperors of "Wuzong", they are in different eras, have different personalities and hobbies, and have different life endings.

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