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If you don't do 6 examinations in the physical examination, you don't know if you have cancer, and you have to have a physical examination no matter how much money you spend on the 6 parts

author:Medical original story meeting
If you don't do 6 examinations in the physical examination, you don't know if you have cancer, and you have to have a physical examination no matter how much money you spend on the 6 parts

When you reach a certain age, everyone knows that physical examination is very important, but during the physical examination, the most important items we do are nothing more than chest X-ray, blood sugar, blood lipids, liver and kidney function, abdominal color ultrasound, electrocardiogram, etc., these are routine examinations.

The question is, what are the screening methods for common cancers?

As a doctor, I want to make it clear at one time today to avoid too many detours during the physical examination!

1. Gastroscopy and colonoscopy

In the mainland, the incidence of stomach cancer and colorectal cancer is relatively high, both of which are common cancers of the digestive system, how can they be detected in time?

Many people want to rely on abdominal CT, abdominal color ultrasound, and tumor marker examination to detect gastric cancer and colorectal cancer, but in fact, they are not reliable, and the best way to find gastric cancer and colorectal cancer is gastroscopy and colonoscopy.

Unfortunately, many people always feel that gastroscopy and colonoscopy are too painful, so they refuse these two tests, but they do not know that they miss the opportunity to detect cancer in advance.

It is recommended that people over 40 years old, whether you have gastrointestinal discomfort or not, are recommended to do a gastroscopy and colonoscopy physical examination, many hospitals have now opened a gastrointestinal endoscopy to do the project together, one time can solve the problem, to avoid patients from starving twice in a row.

2. Chest CT examination

Lung cancer is the malignant tumor with the highest incidence in mainland China, how can lung cancer be detected in time?

Many people will say that it is not enough to have a chest X-ray.

I want to tell you that chest X-ray is not the best way to detect lung cancer, especially early lung cancer, chest X-ray is difficult to find, and the best examination to detect early lung cancer in time is chest CT examination.

Many people are worried about whether the chest CT examination is too much radiation, in fact, there is no need to worry too much, once a year chest CT, the radiation dose is completely within the acceptable range, and you can choose a low-dose chest CT, the radiation dose is smaller.

If you don't do 6 examinations in the physical examination, you don't know if you have cancer, and you have to have a physical examination no matter how much money you spend on the 6 parts

3. Cervical cancer screening

For married women, cervical cancer screening is a must be done regularly.

Cervical cancer screening consists of two parts, high-risk HPV screening and cervical exfoliation cell test, which can help detect early cervical cancer.

4. Liver cancer screening

For people with hepatitis B or people who have been drinking alcohol for a long time, regular screening for liver cancer is crucial.

For liver cancer screening, one imaging is selected and blood is drawn to check alpha-fetoprotein, and imaging can be liver ultrasound, liver CT or liver MRI.

5. Prostate cancer screening

For men, prostate cancer is a malignancy of particular concern.

Prostate cancer screening is actually very simple, blood can be drawn to check PSA, PSA, also known as prostate-specific antigen, is secreted by prostate epithelial cells, and is very sensitive to prostate cancer.

6. Breast cancer screening

For women, the incidence of breast cancer is very high.

Therefore, it is also very important to carry out breast cancer screening regularly, breast cancer screening, generally used two examination methods, one is mammography, the other is breast ultrasound, the former has a certain amount of radiation, generally once every 1-2 years, the latter has no radiation, can be repeated in a short period of time, which is conducive to dynamic observation.

Compared with ordinary physical examinations, the cost of cancer physical examination is more expensive, take gastrointestinal endoscopy as an example, if you want to do a more comfortable, that is, painless gastrointestinal endoscopy, this set may need about 2,000 in a tertiary hospital.

If you screen for all the cancers that can be screened for in your body, it will be more expensive.

If you don't do 6 examinations in the physical examination, you don't know if you have cancer, and you have to have a physical examination no matter how much money you spend on the 6 parts