Ten data to understand China in the past 10 years
Source of this article: Times Weekly Author: Zhang Zhao
On the morning of December 2, the 2023 "Understanding China" International Conference (Guangzhou) opened in Guangzhou. Hundreds of Chinese and foreign guests from more than 30 countries and regions conducted in-depth discussions and exchanges on the major theme of "China's New Achievements in a Century of Changes - Expanding the Convergence of Interests and Building a Community with a Shared Future", looking at the relationship between China and the world from a global perspective, gathering consensus and contributing wisdom to building a better world.
This year marks the 10th anniversary of the concept of building a community with a shared future for mankind and the 10th anniversary of the International Conference on Understanding China. The birth of the first "Understanding China" international conference in 2013 marked a new window for China to speak out on the international stage.
Behind the "understanding of China" is the deepening of the world's understanding of China.
Over the past decade, China's total economic output has doubled, accounting for 18.5% of the world economy from 12.3% in 2013, and its per capita GDP has increased from US$6,767 to US$12,500, contributing more than 30% to world economic growth on average.
Looking back over the past decade, China's economic strength, scientific and technological strength, and comprehensive national strength have reached a new level, and its international status and influence have also jumped. The Times Weekly consulted and sorted out ten sets of data to detail the "report card" of China's development in the past decade.
The population has grown steadily, and urbanization has been steadily promoted
In the past decade, the population of the mainland has maintained steady growth, with the total population of the mainland exceeding 1.4 billion in 2017 and reaching 141175 million in 2022.
The proportion of urban population continues to rise, with 920.71 million in 2022, an increase of nearly 200 million from a decade ago. The urbanization rate of the permanent population reached 65.2%.
GDP exceeded 120 trillion yuan
In the past ten years, the mainland's economic construction has continued to promote high-quality development, and the industrial structure has been continuously optimized.
The GDP exceeded the 100 billion yuan mark, and the GDP reached 121,020.72 billion yuan in 2022. Per capita GDP has nearly doubled in ten years, reaching 85,698 yuan in 2022. In 2022, the structure of the three industries in mainland China will be 7.3: 39.9: 52.8.
Per capita disposable income has increased by nearly 80% in the past ten years
In the past 10 years, the mainland has built a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way, and the people's living standards have improved significantly. The per capita disposable income of residents doubled, and the per capita disposable income in 2022 was 36,883 yuan, an increase of 18,572.2 yuan over 2013. The overall consumption level of residents has improved, and the per capita consumption expenditure will reach 24,538 yuan in 2022.
Total retail sales increased steadily, and online consumption increased significantly
In the past ten years, the consumer market has continued to grow and upgrade, and the total retail sales of consumer goods will reach 43,973.25 billion yuan in 2022, nearly double that of 2013.
Among them, the online retail sales of physical goods maintained rapid growth, reaching 119642 billion yuan in 2022, an increase of 428.9% over 2014, accounting for 27.2% of the total retail sales of consumer goods.
Fiscal revenue has exceeded 20 trillion yuan for two consecutive years
Over the past 10 years, the mainland's economic strength has continued to grow.
Fiscal revenue increased from 12.92 trillion yuan in 2013 to 20.37 trillion yuan in 2022, and fiscal expenditure also increased from 14.02 trillion yuan in 2013 to 26.06 trillion yuan in 2022.
The ten-year average growth rate of total investment in fixed assets reached 7.6%
In the past 10 years, the mainland's total investment in fixed assets has continued to grow, and the amount of investment has doubled. In 2022, the mainland's fixed asset investment will be 579556 billion yuan, with an average growth rate of 7.6% in ten years.
Investment in research and experimental development is increasing
Over the past decade, the mainland's investment in research and experimental development (R&D) has been increasing. In 2022, the mainland's R&D investment will reach 3.087 trillion yuan, 26 times that of 2013, and the ratio to GDP will be 2.55%.
Reserve assets remained largely stable
Over the past 10 years, the mainland's reserve assets have remained basically stable. Among them, in 2022, the scale of gold reserves of the central bank of the mainland will reach 64.64 million ounces, and the scale of foreign exchange reserves will reach 3,127.691 billion US dollars.
The scale of trade has steadily climbed
In the past 10 years, the mainland's foreign trade has achieved outstanding results. In 2022, the total import and export value of the mainland's foreign trade will reach 42.0678 trillion yuan, and the surplus of import and export of goods will be 5.86 trillion yuan, an increase of 1,497.69 billion yuan over the previous year.
The trade index between China and the Belt and Road countries has grown strongly
Over the past decade, the trade index between China and the Belt and Road countries has shown a good momentum of increasing year by year, from 100 in 2013 to 165.4 in 2022.
Among them, the trade scale index reached 161.3 in 2022, the trade structure index reached 118.9 in 2022, the trade mutual benefit index reached 164 in 2022, and the trade promotion index reached 217.3 in 2022.