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Text: A piece of history
Edit|Tell a piece of history
More and more Chinese are immigrating to the United States, which can make the old beauty happy. We must know that the country itself was formed by immigrants from all over the world, and Asian, African, Hispanic, and European and American Americans are all part of this country.
People moving here in large numbers will inevitably bring with them money, technology, and wisdom. And it is these people who have caused the rapid economic take-off of the United States and the rapid development of science and technology.
According to the data provided by the United States, the largest proportion of immigrants is Chinese, and why do our Chinese people like to "run" to the United States so much? Is it better to "" abroad?
1. The beginning of the "American Dream".
Beginning with the Opium War in 1840, China entered a century of turmoil. The sudden invasion of the Western powers led to a decline in national power, and the people everywhere were in dire straits. But at this time, on the distant American continent, the industrial revolution was in full swing, and the national strength was booming.
The prosperity of the United States has been widely spread by Chinese students who have gone to study abroad, and has become an imaginary paradise full of beautiful visions in the minds of many Chinese people.
In 1882, the first batch of Chinese sailed to the United States and began their journey of pursuing the "American dream". There are many wealthy businessmen and celebrities, but there are also ordinary peasant workers, but they all have the same goal - to start a new life in the distant New World.
It's a whole new world, and there is a lot of opportunity and hope. Some people have successfully panned for gold in California and shoveled a pot of gold back home, some people started their own restaurants from scratch after washing dishes in restaurants, and still others entered colleges and universities and became successful businessmen after obtaining degrees... They enrich the land with sweat and wisdom.
More than 100 years later, the attractiveness of the United States has not diminished in the slightest. Data from 2020 shows that 8.58 million of the world's 281 million "international migrants" are Chinese, of which 5.5 million have immigrated to the United States, accounting for 64.1%.
This means that one in every 60 people in the United States is a Chinese immigrant. Among them are people from all walks of life, white-collar workers, blue-collar workers, scholars, artists, who have made important contributions to the development of the United States.
And there is no shortage of mixed-race data. It is difficult to say which country they are from when they are descendants of transnational marriages and families. Aside from this part, the pure Chinese immigration data is quite impressive.
In fact, the gap between China and the United States is not only reflected in the strength of the country. The real gap lies in institutions and philosophies. We must believe that as long as our country can make progress in these areas, the people will not necessarily pursue the "American dream".
Immigration to the United States has been very early, so what is the reason for luring us Chinese to go in large numbers?
2. Benefits on the part of the United States
In recent years, there has been a growing trend of Chinese citizens emigrating abroad. The reasons for this phenomenon are complex and closely related to economic development, educational opportunities, quality of life, etc.
Western countries such as the United States have strong economies and are able to provide abundant employment opportunities. High-end industries such as IT, finance, and medical care are recruiting talents, but there are also a large number of vacancies in basic labor.
Relatively relaxed work intensity, stable remuneration and benefits packages are all sources of its appeal. In fact, not only the United States, but also Singapore, the United Kingdom, Australia and other countries are also facing varying degrees of manpower shortcomings, eager for high-quality immigrants to fill the gaps in the country.
In addition, developed countries are very rich in educational resources, attracting students from all over the world to volunteer for further study. World-class faculty and research platforms put them at the forefront of human knowledge development.
High-quality hardware facilities, such as state-of-the-art laboratories and a well-equipped library, also create a good environment for learning. Obtaining a diploma from a top university can undoubtedly make a career path wider and wider.
It is worth mentioning that the medical and pension systems in Western countries are also more sound. Middle-aged and elderly people who move to a foreign country and have access to reliable medical coverage and professional care are ideal for many families. This not only reduces the burden on the younger generation, but also ensures a more stable and comfortable life for the elderly.
And the high standard of quality of life in developed countries is also an important factor. Compared with the exorbitant housing prices in China's first-tier cities, the cost of housing there is more affordable.
Stable education and health care systems alleviate the uncertainties in people's lives. The ecologically sound environment, pleasant climatic conditions, and the leisure and energetic pace of life all make the immigrants here look forward to the future.
These countries provide quality space for their own development, and the mutual benefit of the two has contributed to this trend of globalization. Looking ahead, this trend is likely to continue even more and expand further.
The benefits of the United States are indeed gratifying, but there are pros and cons to everything, and where are the disadvantages of the United States?
3. "Xanadu" or "Land of Right and Wrong"
Since 1990, the number of Chinese immigrants to the United States has been increasing. According to the United Nations, the number of Chinese immigrants in the United States reached a record high of 2.938 million in 2015.
But before deciding to immigrate, it is necessary for people to be objectively aware of the problems that exist in the United States. They are not the ideal of "liberal democracy" as advertised.
There are also social problems such as the gap between the rich and the poor, public security problems, racial discrimination, etc. And all of this can bring great insecurity to the lives of immigrants.
For example, there is a long street of homeless people in California, USA, which is full of tents set up by the homeless. According to relevant statistics, there are more than 160,000 homeless people in the state. This can't help but make people sigh how there are so many people in the world's ninth-largest economy who don't even have a home.
And shootings happen from time to time in the United States. In 2022, a retired professor who immigrated to the United States from Taiwan, Zhou Wenwei, suddenly shot and killed the tenant, resulting in one death and five injuries.
The reason for the incident was that Zhou Wenwei bought more than 10 apartments for rent after coming to the United States, and his living conditions were relatively good at the beginning.
But then because the tenants always failed to collect the rent, and they also wantonly destroyed the apartment. In the end, the homeowner was mentally abnormal after facing bankruptcy and displacement, and created this tragedy in despair.
At the same time, it is not easy to survive in the United States without certain economic strength or skills. Inflation in the U.S. is as high as 8.3% in 2022, and many middle-class people are struggling to make ends meet.
Of course, the living conditions in the United States are generally good, and it is still the first choice for many immigrants. Especially for students and professionals, the top universities and research environment in the United States can help them thrive.
In addition, we should also understand that those compatriots who immigrated to the United States are not unpatriotic, but just make choices based on their own circumstances.
For example, the famous physicist Yang Zhenning went to the United States mainly because the domestic conditions were really limited, which could not allow him to display his talents. Facts have proved that his achievements in the United States have indeed made important contributions to Sino-US scientific and technological exchanges.
In recent years, with the vigorous development of China's economy, the development of Chinese universities and scientific research institutions has been astonishing, and many overseas talents have begun to return to China.
For example, biologist Yan Ning, who became a professor at Princeton University in 2017, recently announced that she would return to China and join the Shenzhen Academy of Medical Sciences.
Therefore, we need to face the issue of immigration with a more rational and tolerant attitude. People need to weigh the pros and cons before making a choice, and after making a choice, they also need to be mentally prepared for the difficulties they may face. Both China and the United States have bright prospects, and the most important thing is to choose the most suitable development path according to their own circumstances.
The author thinks
Immigration is a personal choice, and we should not judge it too much. It takes time for the country to develop, but reforms continue to advance. When will the elites be able to display their talents at home and no longer need to go abroad to earn a living? When will this ideal scenario emerge and we need to think about it together.