Egypt, full name Arab Republic of Egypt, is located in northeast Africa, with a land area of about 1 million square kilometers, one of the oldest ancient civilizations in the world. Strategically located as a bridge between Asia and Africa, it complements natural landscapes such as the Red Sea, Mediterranean Sea and Sahara Desert.
Egypt is a vast country with diverse terrain, including deserts, plains, mountains and coasts. The Nile is Egypt's mother river and one of the longest in the world, flowing through much of the country. The capital, Cairo, is the political, economic and cultural center of Egypt and the largest city in Africa.
Egypt is rich in natural resources such as oil, natural gas, coal, iron ore and gold. In addition, Egypt is rich in water and land resources, which provide favorable conditions for agricultural and energy development.
With a population of about 110 million, Egypt is one of the largest countries in Africa. The main ethnic group is Arabs, and the official language is Arabic.
Politically, Egypt is a republic and is one of the founding members of the League of Arab States (LAS). The current president is Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, who has been president since 2014.
Economically, Egypt is one of the largest economies in Africa, with agriculture, oil and gas as its main pillars. In recent years, the Egyptian government has been committed to promoting economic diversification and privatization reforms, attracting foreign investment and technology, and improving the overall economic level of the country.
Culturally, Egypt is one of the oldest countries in the world and has a rich cultural heritage and historical monuments. The most famous of these are the Giza pyramids and the Luxor Temple. In addition, Egypt's culture and arts also play an important role, such as film, literature, music and dance.
Militarily, Egypt has a large military force, and its defense budget ranks among the highest among African countries. The armed forces are primarily responsible for maintaining national security and territorial integrity.
In terms of social and folklore, Egypt is a country with strong national characteristics. Family is valued, etiquette and respect for elders. In terms of religious beliefs, about 90 per cent of Egyptians profess Islam.
In terms of tourism, Egypt attracts a large number of tourists with its rich historical sites and natural landscapes. Major tourist cities include Cairo, Alexandria, Luxor and Aswan.
In terms of endemic species, Egypt has a unique ecological environment and species diversity, including the famous African lion, desert rose and gazelle.
Diplomatically, Egypt is a member of international organizations such as the League of Arab States, the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and the Non-Aligned Movement. It maintains close diplomatic relations with countries such as the United States, Russia and China.