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The book "Hundred Family Names" believes that many people can recite it backwards, but why can the four surnames of "Zhao Qiansun Li" be ranked first? This article will unravel this mystery for you.
This book was first written in the early years of the Northern Song Dynasty by a scholar whose surname is unknown, who compiled common surnames in the mainland into a four-character rhyming language, and the order was not sorted by the number of surnames and population, but in pursuit of catchy and easy to remember. Today, the Hundred Family Names version has been expanded to five hundred and four surnames.
So, why can the four surnames "Zhao Qiansun Li" be ranked first in "Hundred Family Names"?
The first is the surname "Zhao". In the early days of the Northern Song Dynasty, the emperor was Zhao Kuangyin, the emperor of the Song Dynasty, and his status as the head of a country was extremely noble. The scholar who compiled the "Hundred Family Names" did not dare to offend the emperor, so he put the surname "Zhao" first.
The second place is the surname "Qian". There are two theories that explain why the surname "Qian" comes second. One theory is that the scholar himself had the surname "Qian", and in honor of his family, the surname "Qian" was ranked second. Another theory is related to the Wuyue king Qian Yun, who obtained a high position after surrendering to the Northern Song Dynasty, making it reasonable that the surname "Qian" ranked second in the "Hundred Family Names".
The third place is the surname "Sun". The queen surname of the Wuyue king Qian Yun was Sun, she played an important role in the national government, and the prosperity of the country was also related to her assistance, so the surname "Sun" ranked third.
The fourth place is the surname "Li". At the beginning of the establishment of the Northern Song Dynasty, Li Yu, the empress of the Southern Tang Dynasty, was captured, and Zhao Kuangyin treated him favorably. Another theory is that the scholar felt that the surname "Li" should be ranked first, because the word "Li" is homonymous with "理", which symbolizes reason. Of course, there is also a joke that interprets the four surnames "Zhao Qiansun Li" as people who have the right to have money, no power and no money, no right to have money, and no power to have money.
This is the reason why the four surnames of "Zhao Qiansun Li" are at the top of "Hundred Family Names". Although after more than a thousand years of inheritance, "Zhao Qiansun Li" has become a common slip for everyone, there is no need to change it.
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