Wang Minquan: An anecdote of the "Red City" changed to the "New City"

author:Xi'an old affairs
Wang Minquan: An anecdote of the "Red City" changed to the "New City"

The new city is an important landmark in the ancient capital of Xi'an. Many people know that this was once the residence of the Qin King of the Ming Dynasty and the Manchuria of the Qing Dynasty, and it was once called "Red City" in the history of the Republic of China, and "New City" was also renamed from "Red City" during the Republic of China, but it is not clear why "Red City" was renamed "New City", and what kind of controversy occurred at that time.

According to historical records, the "Red City" was named after the siege of Xi'an, in the context of the first Kuomintang-Communist cooperation, in January 1927 due to the Shaanxi administration under the rule of Mr. Youren, after the April 12 coup, the cooperation between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party broke down, and the Shaanxi Provincial Government with Feng Bu Shi Jingting as acting chairman moved its office from the famous "North Courtyard", and then changed the "Red City" to "New City".

According to Shi Jingting's "Records of the New City of Shaanxi" drafted by Shi Jingting in November of the sixteenth year of the Republic of China (1927) and written by Song Bolu Shudan, its name change was "in the era of restoration, for the act of innovation"; According to the expression "Gou is new, every day is new, and every day is new" in "Liji University", its name means "revolution, old and new", and its purpose is to draw a clear line with the CCP. However, when it comes to the name changed, some famous gentlemen at that time were quite unimpressed, and even regarded it as a sluggish move. For example, Mr. Mao Changjie's "Gentleman's Diary" said on November 20, 1927:

The new city is the former site of the old imperial city Ming Fan, so it is called this way. Now that he is in power on the right, he hates the word "emperor" and is easy to be called "red city". Neighbors are easy to say "new", but they don't know that "new city" is the name of the old city. What the rulers in power do not know, that is, the most detailed things, are ridiculous, and what Jing Gong and Lu Huiqing did, it is not so.

Wang Minquan: An anecdote of the "Red City" changed to the "New City"

This is pure ignorance. Because in Mr. Mao's view, Manchuria was called "New City" in the old days, and since the Republic of China was built after the overthrow of the Manchu Qing Dynasty, it is difficult to ensure that there are some suspicions of restoration, Qing Dynasty, and betrayal of the Republic of China. Looking at the historical records, there is no clear statement that Mancheng once called it a "new city", but Qianlong's "Xi'an Fuzhi" volume 9 "Jianzhi" has been full of "gate five... The record of "Xincheng" in the northwest, the first volume of the "Xianning County Record" of the Qing Dynasty, "City Map" and "County Zhi North Road Map", also have records that Zaimen was called "New City Gate" (some texts are called "New West Gate", not true), and its volume 10 "Geographical Record" has "Since the second year of Shunzhi, the northeast corner of the city, from the east of the Bell Tower to Changle Gate, and the north to the east of Anyuan Gate, because the old foundation of the Ming Qin royal palace was built to garrison the eight flags." City gate four: southwest bell tower, bell tower north Xihua, and north of the new city, bell tower east of Duanlu" record, even the "City Map" between the bell tower and the second gate of Duanlu, there is also the word "new city small fang", "Geography" under "South Road in the city", also clearly written "new city small fang".

The so-called "I don't know that 'new city' is the name of the old Manchu city" in the "Diary", even if it has nothing to do with the gate of several places called "new city" (the word "new city gate" only means that the city gate opens late and has nothing to do with the new and old of the city), I am afraid that it cannot be said that it has no relationship with the "new city small fang" in the two places. Therefore, although there is no direct historical support for this, it is absolutely unreasonable to conclude that it cannot be referred to as a wall structure. Otherwise, at least the records of the two "new city small fangs" in the "Xianning County Record" are really difficult to explain.

Therefore, in this sense, Mr. Mao's criticism can indeed be called a scornful theory, and from the fact that he actually compares it with the "Xining Transformation Law" of Song Wang Anshi and Lu Huiqing's "Transformation of the Ancestral Family Law", accusing the "rulers" and those around them who are planning are all confused, which shows how foolish and ridiculous this move should be in the eyes of Mr. Song.

Wang Minquan: An anecdote of the "Red City" changed to the "New City"

Mr. Mao Changjie, a native of Jiangsu, Shaanxi, was a native of Qing Jiju, successively served as a counselor of the Zhixian County and Nanjing Rule of Law Yuan in Hubei Province, and served as Yin of Guanzhong Dao during the "City Siege", and as an adviser to the Shaanxi Provincial Government at that time, Yu Youren, Ru Zhuoting, Li Yaozhi, Li Ziyi, Liu Dingwu, etc. were all out of his door, and General Hu Jingyi also personally inherited his teachings when he was imprisoned in the province. His diary contains a lot of insider stories about this period of government, and with his popularity and influence, he imagines that there were many people who agreed with or echoed his views at that time, and the back-and-forth confrontation with the ruler must have been quite fierce. Unfortunately, due to the limitations of historical materials, it is difficult for me to see the original records in this regard, and to restore the actual situation of the dispute between the two sides at that time.

This diary was written on November 20, 1927, the day after Shi Jingting stepped down as acting provincial chairman, and it is estimated that it was a posthumous memory of Mr. Shi's resignation when he heard of his resignation, and the fact is that as we know and see today, ridicule is ridicule, opposition is opposition, and the Shaanxi government headed by Shi did not slightly change its will because of the ridicule and opposition of Mr. Shi and others, and withdraw his fixed view of changing his name to "Xincheng".

Although some scholars now say that "(Red City to New City) is not only not an innovation, but also the biggest regression" (Wu Fuxing's "Han and Tang Chang'an Style"), but at that time the axis really did this, history really completed the Republic of China, entered New China, and has come to the present, and no one has mentioned this stubble again.