The Yunnan Highway was cut off, and Chen Geng was furious: severely punish the habitual bandit Lu Yuncong, and if it was difficult to capture him alive, suppress it on the spot

author:Flowers near tall building 1

In the summer of 1956, Nie Lijun, a cadre of the Mohong Township Agricultural Association in Fuyuan County, Yunnan, was burly, powerful in Kong Wu, and good in fists and feet. It's rare to lose when you play with people. But this time he lost badly, and he was lifted up and fell to death.

Inexplicable fear spread in the surrounding villages. This method of killing people is familiar to the local people.

A few years ago, there was a hereditary toastmaster named Hei Laojiu in Dongshan Township (Mohong Township) in Pingyi County (Fuyuan County), and his bodyguard captain Lv Yuncong, nicknamed "Dongshan King", because of his infinite strength, so the villagers privately called him "wild yak".

Lu Yuncong is ruthless, cruel and violent, when he kills, he likes to lift people high above his head, and then fall to the ground fiercely. For many years, at least more than a hundred people have been brutally killed by Lu Yuncong.

The Yunnan Highway was cut off, and Chen Geng was furious: severely punish the habitual bandit Lu Yuncong, and if it was difficult to capture him alive, suppress it on the spot

In August 1950, Lü Yuncong and his brother Lü Jiyun led more than 1,800 bandits to cut off the Yunnan-Qian Highway, completely disrupting the traffic artery from Yunnan to Guizhou.

Chen Geng, commander of the Fourth Corps of the Second Field Army, became furious when he heard the news, and strictly ordered the 110th Regiment of the 37th Division of the bandit force to restore the smooth flow of the Yunnan-Qian Highway within one month. If the bandit leader Lu Yuncong is difficult to capture alive, he can suppress it on the spot.

In ancient times, there were only three ways to enter Yunnan from the mainland.

One is the "five-foot road". This road was after Qin Shi Huang unified the Six Kingdoms, in order to more effectively control the Yelang Kingdom and the Dian Kingdom, he specially sent a large army and carved a road from Yibin in the north to Qujing in the south.

Due to the steep terrain along the way, the road is only five feet wide, about 117 centimeters, you must know that the Qin Dynasty's track regulations are six feet, and it is impossible to enter the "five-foot road".

Due to the inherent conditions, the "five-foot road" is difficult to carry out large-scale transportation.

The second road into Yunnan is the "Lingguan Road", also known as the "Southern Silk Road", from Chengdu in western Sichuan in the north to the whole territory of Yunnan, and the silk of ancient western Sichuan was transported to Myanmar, India and other places through this road.

The "Lingguan Road" is said to have been built by Zhuge Liang, the prime minister of Shu Han, who "crossed the river in May and went deep into the hair", and took this road.

Look at "Romance of the Three Kingdoms" and you know how difficult that road is.

Due to the limited conditions, the "Lingguan Road" is also not suitable for large-scale transportation.

The third road into Yunnan is the Yunnan Qian Highway, also known as the "Shengjing Pass". Since the Yuan Dynasty, it is the most important passage from the mainland to Yunnan, and there is no one.

At that time, Zhu Yuanzhang's general Mu Ying attacked Yunnan, and he took the victory pass.

During the Anti-Japanese War, as an extension of the Burma Highway, the Yunnan-Qian Highway carried the transportation of countless strategic materials and made outstanding contributions to the victory of the Anti-Japanese War.

In addition, the daily necessities such as cotton cloth and cotton yarn needed by the people of Yunnan are also transported through the Yunnan and Qian highways.

The tin produced by an old tin mine was also transported to the mainland through this road. Therefore, ensuring the smooth operation of the Yunnan-Qian Highway is of great significance to Yunnan's politics, military and economy.

The Yunnan Highway was cut off, and Chen Geng was furious: severely punish the habitual bandit Lu Yuncong, and if it was difficult to capture him alive, suppress it on the spot

During the reign of the warlord Long Yun in Yunnan, opium cultivation was the most important source of income.

Longyun collects about 11 million half-karats (silver dollars) in taxes every year, and more than 37% of the taxes collected come from opium.

After the peaceful liberation of Yunnan, our army strictly forbade the cultivation of opium, which greatly harmed the interests of many landlords and bullies.

In April 1950, Yin Liezhao, a bully in Pingyi County, and Lu Yuncong, the leader of bandits, and others, advocated "not growing grain and growing opium", and suddenly launched a rebellion, and more than 1,800 bandits participated in the rebellion.

Yin Liezhao and Lü Yuncong's troops attacked three district offices and nine township offices in Fuyuan (now Laochang), Pinghuang (now Huangnihe), and Dongshan Township (now Mohong) in two separate ways, killing 21 local cadres and killing countless militiamen and progressive masses.

A few days later, Lu Yuncong, with more than 300 bandits, attacked a sanitary unit of the Second Field Army.

More than two dozen seriously wounded wounded were thrown off the cliff by the dehumanizing bandits, and a platoon of our army escorting the medical brigade was also killed and wounded under the siege of the bandits, and in the end, only three fighters stood out with wounds.

The Yunnan Highway was cut off, and Chen Geng was furious: severely punish the habitual bandit Lu Yuncong, and if it was difficult to capture him alive, suppress it on the spot

In addition, there were more than a dozen female soldiers in the health team, which unfortunately fell into the hands of bandits. After these captured female soldiers were brutally ravaged, they were all bitten to death by bandits with poisonous snakes.

Lu Yuncong ordered that the bodies of female soldiers be stripped of their clothes and hung on the side of the road for public display.

At this time, the bandits gathered under Yin Liezhao and Lu Yuncong had exceeded 4,000. The two parted ways because of infighting.

Lü Yuncong and his brother Lu Jiyun had more than 1,800 bandits, but they were extremely short of weapons and ammunition.

In order to get a gun, Lu Yuncong set his sights on the busy Yunnan Highway.

In early July, the road surface of the Qingxidong section of the Yunnan-Qianqian Highway suddenly became narrow, and passing vehicles were cautious.

In the primeval forest on both sides of the road, seven or eight bandits dressed as local mountain people walked out, each carrying a bamboo basket with a lid behind them, and no one knew what the bamboo basket contained.

A transport convoy of 5 trucks of our army drove from the direction of Panxian, and the windows of the trucks were open due to the hot weather.

From the outside of the car, it can be clearly seen that in addition to the driver, there are two heavily armed escorts on each truck. One sits in the co-pilot's seat and the other stands on the pedal outside the door, both with very high vigilance.

On the last truck, there was also a platoon of fighters.

In the Cheonggye-dong section, there are several kilometers uphill, so the speed is not fast.

Around 3 p.m., a boulder lay on the road, blocking the convoy's path.

The soldiers got out of the car to clear the road, and suddenly there was a dense gunfire around them.

Almost at the same time, the bandits dressed as mountain people also threw bamboo baskets along the window into the cab of the truck. It turned out to be filled with poisonous snakes.

The truck drivers jumped out of the car in a mess, terrified and beckoned their southern comrades to catch the snake.

It was at this time that the last truck was also blown up with grenades by the bandits.

Lu Yuncong personally commanded more than 300 bandits to take turns to attack the transport team.

Our soldiers rushed to the battle under extremely unfavorable circumstances, and although everyone was brave, they were outnumbered and eventually all died heroically.

Hundreds of guns of various types loaded on the truck, as well as a large amount of ammunition, fell into the hands of the bandits.

In the evening, our reinforcements arrived, and only the wreckage of five burned cars and the bodies of martyrs killed everywhere were seen.

The Yunnan Highway was cut off, and Chen Geng was furious: severely punish the habitual bandit Lu Yuncong, and if it was difficult to capture him alive, suppress it on the spot

Two days later, dozens of bandits, disguised as our army escort troops. Forcibly hijacked a truck full of medicines.

Not long after, Lü Yuncong instructed the bandits to use manual blasting to blow up a highway bridge in Pan County, completely interrupting traffic on the Yunnan and Qian highways.

In the days that followed, Lu Yuncong intensified his efforts, and on the nearly 100-mile stretch from the county seat of Pingyi to the county seat of Panxian County, he fanned the flames everywhere, planted mines, and set up roadblocks, making this section of the road impassable.

Our army's road escort units have limited strength, and they do not know much about the local terrain and banditry. So behave very passively in battle.

Lü Yuncong set up ambushes several times and tried to wipe out the road escort troops, but although he failed to do so, he also caused heavy losses to the road escort troops.

After the Yunnan-Qian Highway was cut off by bandits, it seriously affected the progress of our army's bandit suppression operations in Yunnan.

The local troops of our army entered Pingyi County twice to suppress bandits and tried to open up the Yunnan-Qian Highway, but they all fell short because they underestimated the enemy.

In early August, Chen Geng, commander of the Fourth Corps of the Second Field Army, strictly ordered the 110th Regiment of the 37th Division of the bandit force to restore the smooth flow of the Yunnan-Qian Highway within one month. If the bandit leader Lu Yuncong is difficult to capture alive, he can suppress it on the spot.

The 37th Division of the 13th Army of our army is the trump card in the Second Field Army, and the 110th Regiment under the jurisdiction of the 37th Division is the main force of this division.

On January 13, 1950, the 110th Regiment forcibly marched more than 240 miles day and night, seizing Mengzi Airport one step ahead of the enemy, and dashing the hopes of many Jiang generals to escape by plane, thus opening the prelude to the Southern Yunnan Campaign.

During the battle, the 110th Regiment captured alive Tang Yao, commander of the Eighth Corps of the Chiang Army, and Yu Tiange, commander of the Eighth Army. The strength of its combat effectiveness can be seen from this.

After receiving Commander Chen's order, Fu Yizong, commander of the 110th Regiment, and Zhang Qian, political commissar, did not dare to delay for a minute, immediately took a train from Kunming, arrived at the county seat of Zanyi, walked 45 kilometers, and entered Pingyi County in the early morning of August 8.

Two days later, the main force of the 110th Regiment had arrived at its destination on time and immediately launched a pursuit of Lu Yuncong's bandits.

Lu Yuncong was very cunning, he was familiar with the terrain, and he was full of eyeliners in the local area, and the bandit troops attacked seven times in a row, all of which were empty.

Just when the regiment commanders Fu Yizong and Zhang Qian were at a loss, Hu Miandi, deputy commander of the 37th Division, personally arrived in Pingyi County.

Hu Miandi was born in June 1915 in Yingshan County, Sichuan Province, and was a famous wise general in the Second Field Army.

After Hu Miandi came to Pingyi, he directly moved the regiment headquarters to Dongshan District (Mohong Township), where bandits' activities were most rampant.

Here, the leaders of the bandit suppression force learned that Lu Yuncong implemented a cruel joint sitting system on the local people, and only found that someone contacted the bandit force, except for his whole family, the four neighboring families, regardless of men, women, and children, killed them all together.

The Yunnan Highway was cut off, and Chen Geng was furious: severely punish the habitual bandit Lu Yuncong, and if it was difficult to capture him alive, suppress it on the spot

The local people hated Lu Yuncong to the bone, but they were afraid that he would be cruel, so they did not dare to contact the bandit troops.

Hu Miandi believed that Lu Yuncong killed innocents indiscriminately in the local area, and there must be many enemies, and the bandit troops found out these people and made them believe that the bandit troops must completely eradicate Lu Yuncong and never accept troops until they achieve their goal.

Soon, a woman named Erma found the bandit unit, her husband, who had worked as a former migrant worker, and a few months earlier, was killed by Lu Yuncong in extremely cruel ways.

Erma said that as long as the bandit forces can avenge her, she will not hesitate.

Hu Miandi came to Erma's house, which had been burned down by bandits. Erma and her young daughter lived in a makeshift hut.

Erma's daughter was suffering from severe malaria and was dying.

Hu Miandi made a quick decision and ordered the hygienist to treat Erma's daughter, while sending people to repair the burned house.

Erma and his clansmen were grateful to the bandit troops, and revealed to the bandit troops that Lü Yuncong was worried that the bandits under his command had been wiped out and had been reduced to pieces. The red clay wall village in Qujing County has a foothold for Lu Yuncong.

That night, regiment commander Fu Yizong ordered the 9th Company of the 3rd Battalion to change into civilian clothes, and under the leadership of company commander Wei Yunzhong, rushed to attack the Red Clay Wall Village overnight.

At the same time, the 7th and 8th Companies of the 3rd Battalion, led by battalion commander An Yufeng, set up ambushes in the area around the three villages behind the red clay wall village, cutting off Lu Yuncong's retreat.

That night, heavy rain fell in the sky, and the bandit troops went through hardships, and finally arrived at the red clay wall village in the early morning of the next day.

Located in the middle of the Qilin Mountains, it is said that tigers are often seen in the mountains, and almost every household in the mountains has dogs to guard against tigers.

The local dogs are large and extremely fierce, and as soon as the bandit troops entered the village, they provoked a bark of dogs.

Lu Yuncong did spend the night in the Red Clay Wall Village that night, and after he was awakened by the barking of dogs, he took more than two dozen bandits and planned to withdraw to Sanjia Village.

But there were also barking dogs in the direction of the three villages. Lu Yuncong realized that his retreat had been cut off by the bandit forces. In a hurry, this dog jumped off the wall and took advantage of the night to rush directly to the entrance of the village.

The soldiers of the Ninth Company were all dressed in civilian clothes and did not discover Lu Yuncong's whereabouts.

Lu Yuncong also did not expect that the bandit troops would wear civilian clothes and mistakenly regard the bandit troops for his subordinates. After escaping from the village, they even gave orders to the soldiers of the Ninth Company to retreat immediately.

Lu Yuncong showed his horse's feet. The soldiers of the bandit force asked him for the password, and Lu Yuncong also answered incomprehensibly.

The soldiers opened fire, and Lu Yuncong led people to flee in a hurry, fleeing into the deep mountains and old forests.

The bandit troops worked hard for the night and killed only two bandits. The soldiers who participated in the battle were indignant.

The Yunnan Highway was cut off, and Chen Geng was furious: severely punish the habitual bandit Lu Yuncong, and if it was difficult to capture him alive, suppress it on the spot

Hu Miandi analyzed: Lu Yuncong is very conceited, this time he got away with it, it is absolutely a great shame for him, and he will definitely try to find the person who revealed his whereabouts and take revenge.

That night, the bandit troops arranged for Erma and his entire village to move to a safe area, and a battalion of the bandit troops ambushed in the village, waiting for Lu Yuncong to take the bait.

As expected, two days later, on the night, Lu Yuncong secretly surrounded this unknown small mountain village with more than 500 bandits.

The bandits suffered heavy losses in this battle, more than 100 people were killed on the spot, and more than 200 bandits were taken prisoner.

The bandit troops took advantage of the victory and pursued. Lu Yuncong was familiar with the terrain and successfully escaped again.

After dawn, Hu Miandi made an accurate judgment again, and nine times out of ten, Lu Yuncong would take the red clay wall village as a foothold. Because the bandit troops have already visited that village, it is reasonable to assume that in the near future, the bandit troops will not take the red clay wall village.

As a key target for liquidation. The bandit forces once again gathered their forces and carried out a focused clearance of the village of the red clay wall for the second time in less than a week.

That night, Lu Yuncong really spent the night in the Red Clay Wall Village.

For some reason, he suddenly became superstitious, who had always killed people without blinking. That night, his right eyelid kept jumping.

By 2 a.m., Lu Yuncong ordered the bandits to assemble and change camps overnight.

As soon as the bandits left the village, they collided head-on with the bandit troops.

Because of the unsuccessful experience of the last time, the bandit troops made very careful arrangements for this operation.

But everyone did not expect that there were four or five hundred bandits who were stopped, and the bandit force only had the strength of one company.

When the brave meet on the narrow road, the bandit troops strike preemptively and take the lead in attacking the enemy. The bandits were caught off guard by the killing, and suddenly collapsed.

Almost at the same time, two companies led by the battalion commander An Yufeng outflanked from behind the bandits, and our troops attacked back and forth, killing the corpses of the enemy all over the field.

The captured bandits confessed that Lu Yuncong was shot in the hip during the battle, was carried by two close bandits, and fled into the mountains.

After dawn, the bandit troops mobilized the entire regiment to conduct a large-scale search of the area where Lu Yuncong might be hiding.

In three days, more than 200 bandits obediently became prisoners.

Five days have passed since the large-scale search, and Lu Yuncong's whereabouts have still not been found.

In the early morning of the 6th day, a woman dressed in heavy filial piety, escorted by several mountain people, came to the checkpoint set up by the bandit troops, crying and crying, saying that she would go home to mourn her father.

Coincidentally, Erma, who has already become a militia platoon leader, is on duty at this outpost. She recognized at a glance that the woman with red eyes was Lu Yuncong's concubine, named Sun Yanling. It looks harmless to humans and animals, but it is actually an authentic femme fatale.

The Yunnan Highway was cut off, and Chen Geng was furious: severely punish the habitual bandit Lu Yuncong, and if it was difficult to capture him alive, suppress it on the spot

Sun Yanling, whose identity was exposed, was like a deflated leather ball at that time, kneeling on the ground and begging, begging the bandit troops to spare her life, and she was willing to make meritorious contributions and actively cooperate with the work of the bandit troops.

Leader Fu Yizong personally interrogated Sun Yanling and asked her where Lu Yuncong was hiding now.

Sun Yanling's answer surprised everyone, she said that Lu Yuncong had died, and on the day after being injured, she died due to excessive blood loss.

Led by Sun Yanling, a platoon of the ninth company of the bandit force dragged out a corpse that was already highly decomposed in a very hidden cave.

From the point of view of body shape and size, it is very similar to the bandit leader Lu Yuncong. In order to dispel the doubts of the villagers, the bandit troops held a mass meeting in Dongshan District and asked the villagers to identify whether the body was Lu Yuncong himself.

After more than 100 people identified, it was finally confirmed that this was Lu Yuncong.

The news of Lu Yuncong's killing spread all over the place, and the local people all cheered when they heard the good news. One after another, they stood up and exposed the crimes of the bandits to the bandit troops.

In just a few days, more than 400 bandits went down the mountain to surrender their guns to the bandit troops.

However, at that time, there was another theory that the person who was killed in Qilin Mountain was not Lu Yuncong, but his younger brother Lu Jiyun.

However, this statement did not attract the attention of the head of the bandit unit, believing that this was just a trick played by the bandits to "borrow the corpse and return the soul".

The development of subsequent events also seems to confirm the speculation of the head of the bandit force.

More than 800 bandits besieged the Dongshan Township Office in an attempt to retrieve Lü Yuncong's body, and the bandit troops actively responded to the battle, and the bandits lost their troops and returned with a great defeat, and finally only more than 100 people fled into the deep mountains.

According to the captive's confession: The bandit leader leading the team today is Lu Jiyun.

There is really no need for the bandit troops to waste too much time on this matter, and their most important task is to restore the smooth flow of the Yunnan-Qian Highway as soon as possible.

When the second battalion of the bandit force was performing a mission in Cheonggye-dong, it was suddenly attacked by bandit forces.

The second battalion calmly responded to the battle, and after more than six hours of maneuvering with the bandits, it finally waited for emergency reinforcements from the first and third battalions.

At this time, the bandits had no fighting spirit and began to retreat along the road towards Pan County.

The bandit troops took advantage of the victory to pursue and fought continuously for more than 70 hours, and finally completely annihilated the more than 1,200 bandits who fled. The bandit leader Lu Jiyun also died in the battle.

The Yunnan Highway was cut off, and Chen Geng was furious: severely punish the habitual bandit Lu Yuncong, and if it was difficult to capture him alive, suppress it on the spot

Due to the delay in restoring the smooth operation of the Yunnan and Qian highways, the 111th Regiment of the bandit force rushed to the aid and launched an attack on the bandits from Pan County.

Under the powerful blows of the bandit troops, the bandits, who had been entrenched on the Yunnan-Qian Highway for more than two months, finally lost their fighting spirit.

In mid-September, more than 1,600 bandits, led by bandit leaders Yuan Caozhi and Wang Xiangmei, surrendered to the bandit troops.

Subsequently, on the premise of ensuring that the road was restored to unimpeded, the bandit troops continued to carry out large-scale search and suppression in the mountainous areas on both sides of the highway.

By the end of September, more than 1,100 bandits had been cleared.

The banditry on the Yunnan Highway was completely lifted, and the 110th Regiment, which carried out the task of suppressing bandits, also returned home in triumph.

However, there has always been a legend in Pingyi County that Lü Yuncong did not die, and it was his brother Lü Jiyun who was killed by bandit troops in Qilin Mountain.

The two brothers were very similar, and many locals did not know about Lu Jiyun's existence.

Facts have proved that Lu Yuncong's statement that he did not die is not groundless.

Until 1955, large-scale banditry had been quelled for more than four years, but in Pingyi County, small-scale banditry still occurred from time to time, and these bandits were inextricably linked with Lu Yuncong.

It's just that the bandit forces have long been convinced that Lu Yuncong has been killed, so no one will suspect Lu Yuncong, the mastermind behind the bandits.

In the summer of 1956, Nie Lijun, a cadre of the Mohong Township Agricultural Association in Fuyuan County, Yunnan, suddenly received a letter written by Hei Laojiu, a hereditary toast in Dongshan District.

During the land reform, it was Nie Lijun who took the lead and divided the land of Hei Laojiu, and in the spring of that year, Hei Laojiu planted opium deep in the mountains, and after it was discovered, Nie Lijun led people to destroy it.

Hei Laojiu hated Nie Lijun to the bone, and secretly sent someone to kidnap Nie Lijun's son, and then threatened Nie Lijun to settle their grudge with him on fists and feet.

Nie Lijun is burly, Kong Wu is powerful, and his fists and feet are also good. He knew the details of Hei Lao Jiu, and when he fought with himself, Hei Lao Jiu had no chance of winning.

Nie Lijun was so bold that he agreed to go to the appointment alone, and for safety, he still brought a pistol for self-defense.

The Yunnan Highway was cut off, and Chen Geng was furious: severely punish the habitual bandit Lu Yuncong, and if it was difficult to capture him alive, suppress it on the spot

Nie Lijun's wife was worried about her husband's safety, and as soon as he left the house, she approached the militia captain Yao and asked him to lead someone to stop the duel.

Lao Yao, with a dozen militiamen, rushed to the field duel arena. I didn't see Hei Laojiu, but I saw Nie Lijun's body. The skull was shattered, the lumbar vertebrae were fractured, the broken bones pierced the skin, and the scene was terrible. In addition, Nie Lijun's pistol was also missing.

The people present looked at each other, fear was written on everyone's faces, and they had seen such a killing method more than once.

The duel between Nie Lijun and the other party was fair, but his skills were inferior, and after being knocked down, he was thrown into the air, and at the moment before the body landed, the other party raised his leg and broke Nie Lijun's lumbar vertebrae with his knee, and then lifted him above his head again, and fell heavily on the ground under his head and feet.

This is Lu Yuncong's favorite killing method, the sound of the victim's bones shattering, and the screams before dying, make everyone who has seen it palpitate and become a lingering nightmare.

Captain Yao took the militia to capture Hei Laojiu, who knew that he had gone to Qujing two days ago, and at least a hundred people could testify for him, proving that Hei Laojiu did not have time to compete with Nie Lijun.

Captain Yao sneered and said to Hei Laojiu: "I already knew that you were not at the scene of the killing, and I now ask you to hand over Lu Yuncong." ”

Lu Yuncong once served as a bodyguard captain for Hei Laojiu for many years, and the relationship between the two was extraordinary.

Hei Laojiu argued: "Lu Yuncong died early, where do you let me find him." ”

Captain Yao said: "Whether Lu Yuncong is dead or not, you know better than me. If you don't say it today, I will be able to find him sooner or later, and by then, he will not be the only one waiting to eat the gun. ”

Hei Laojiu was really timid, he confessed that Lu Yuncong was indeed not dead back then, and the body found in the cave belonged to his brother Lu Jiyun.

Lu Jiyun, who was later killed by the bandit troops in the battle, was Lu Yuncong who found the "substitute ghost".

Over the years, Lu Yuncong has been hiding in Xiaopotou Village, Laochang Township, on the edge of the Eighteen Lian Mountains, which has only seven or eight households, and the people in the village are all tenants of Hei Laojiu.

Lu Yuncong was hiding in such a place, which was really foolproof.

The Yunnan Highway was cut off, and Chen Geng was furious: severely punish the habitual bandit Lu Yuncong, and if it was difficult to capture him alive, suppress it on the spot

On the evening of September 26, 1956, Lu Yuncong and three other bandits were killed by the militia of Laochang Township.

The six-year battle against bandits in Fuyuan County ended victoriously with the killing of Lu Yuncong.