Red Network Moment reporter Xiao Yi, Zhao Man, Yue Yang reported
The green mountains are more charming, and the ancient rhyme of Yaozhai remains. "Millennium Rockfill Group Mysterious Longjiao Mountain" 2023 Linxiang 2nd Longjiao Mountain Rockfill Cultural Tour Kick-off Ceremony and Xiang-Hubei Ancient Yao Mountain Song Competition was held in Longjiao Mountain, the mountain song echoed in the mountains and forests, and the history of Guyao began here.
The ancient rhyme of the Yao people on Longjiao Mountain comes from the "Thousand Families Pass".
The Yao are an influential ethnic minority in the forest of nations in the world, and the "Qianjia Pass" is the earliest hometown that Yao compatriots have sought for thousands of years.
"Pass" is a small flat area of mountain land similar to a cave shape. In ancient times, dozens or hundreds of Yao households were one head, and there was a head of the valley. Every Yao compatriot firmly believes that their ancestors lived in a wonderland on earth, "Qianjia Pass", where they are free, free from the world, and abundant in food and clothing. "Qianjia Pass" is a sacred place in the hearts of Yao compatriots around the world, just like the peach blossom source that the Han people yearn for.
In the lyrics of the long narrative ballads "Panwang Da Ge" and "Records of the Origin of a Thousand Families" handed down by the Yao people from generation to generation, the ideal home of "Qianjia Pass" is described as follows: "The sun rises early and the green mountains shine, and the mouth of a thousand families is full of fog. The clouds and mist dispersed when the sun shone, and the bulls ploughed the fields and went out early. ”
According to the "General History of the Yao Nationality", "Longjiao Mountain is an early Qianjia Pass in the history of the Yao people". In 2001, the China (Guangxi) Yao Studies Society issued the "Opinion on the Identification of the Thousand Families of Longjiao Mountain", which determined that the site of Longjiao Mountain is the most primitive preserved early Qianjia Pass left by the migration of the Yao ancestors to the south during the Western Jin Dynasty-Northern Song Dynasty. Wu Yongzhang, a doctoral supervisor at Central South University and an expert in Yao studies, pointed out: "After the Yao became a single ethnic group, Longjiao Mountain was the northernmost place recorded and investigated and demonstrated by the earliest residence of the Yao in history. ”
Gu Yao, a people who recorded history with stones.
As a mountain people, stone is not only a tool for the production, life and military of the ancient Yao, but also a carrier of its culture and belief, and is fully integrated into all aspects of the economic, social and cultural development of the ancient Yao nation. It can be said that the history of ancient Yao culture is a history recorded in stone.
In May 2013, the State Council announced that the "Longjiao Mountain Rockfill Tomb Group" was the seventh batch of national key cultural relics protection units, unveiling the mystery of Longjiao Mountain.
The Longjiao Mountain Rockpile Site is the "stone wall bottom" and "stone wall" passed down orally by the Yao people, and it is the site of the Yao people's "return pan king's wish".
There are 82 man-made, conscious, and stone structures represented by "stone culture" relics here. After inspecting the stone pile site of Shiwoshan and believed that this was the sacrificial site of the ancestors of the Yao people.
The total area of the ancient Yao pile stone site in Longjiao Mountain is about 78 square kilometers. After the ancient Yao moved south, it left a large number of Yao living relics. There are more than 40 relics such as "three passes and nine locks", stone houses, stone wells, stone tombs, and bluestone projects, which are of great significance for studying the history and culture of the Yao people and ethnic migration.
What kind of mountain is Longjiao Mountain, which hides the charm of ancient Yao?
Longjiao Mountain is located in the territory of Yanglousi Town, Linxiang City, Wuling Mountain is the remnant vein of Mufu Mountain, north and Hubei Chibi, east and Chongyang, south and Tongcheng junction, the highest peak is 1261.1 meters above sea level.
It is a spiritual fairy mountain, picturesque in all seasons, long mountains and rivers, like a fairyland, with three levels and nine locks, the beauty of 72 peaks, mountains and mountains have stories, and beautiful scenery everywhere; It is a rich medicine mountain, also known as the medicine mushroom mountain, growing more than 500 kinds of Chinese medicinal materials, Li Shizhen once traveled here to collect medicines, leaving behind the famous sentence "a hundred medicines on the medicine mushroom mountain, only lack of licorice and huanglian"; It is a long-standing tea mountain, with folk songs singing "Seventy-two peaks have many kinds of tea, mountains and mountains are thousands of homes", which is one of the starting points of the "Tea Horse Ancient Road" of the Han and Tang Dynasties; It is a thousand-year-old Yao mountain, the earliest Qianjia Pass in the history of the Yao people, and the spiritual home of 3.6 million Yao compatriots around the world.