laitimes

The bumpy Yu opera master Ma Jinfeng: eternal "Mu Guiying", two marriages and 4 children

author:Savor the celebrities

#娱评大赏#

Click to follow, there are celebrity stories touching you every day!

The bumpy Yu opera master Ma Jinfeng: eternal "Mu Guiying", two marriages and 4 children

(Yu opera master Ma Jinfeng and disciple Liu Bing)

Ma Jinfeng is a famous Yu opera performance artist and the founder of the Yu opera "Ma Pai", creating the "Shuai Dan" industry and filling the gap in the opera industry.

Ma Jinfeng and Chang Xiangyu, Chen Suzhen, Cui Lantian, Yan Lipin, and known as the "Five Famous Dan of Yu Opera", are well-known at home and abroad.

Ma Jinfeng lost her father at an early age, grew up in bitter water, and she had two marriages and 4 children.

On May 29, 2022, Ma Jinfeng died of illness in Qingdao at the age of 100. After Ma Jinfeng left, what is the current situation of her 4 children's lives?

01

Ma Jinfeng, surnamed Cui and nicknamed Jinny, was born in November 1922 in Cuizhuang, Cao County, Shandong Province. Her father, Cui Heli, studied opera at the age of 5 and made a living selling art. Cui Heli has a certain reputation in Liyuan and is known as "Gai Kyushu".

The bumpy Yu opera master Ma Jinfeng: eternal "Mu Guiying", two marriages and 4 children

(Ma Jinfeng performed "Little Garden" stills when he was 12 years old)

When Ma Jinfeng was two years old, his father became bedridden due to singing. The class leader forced him to sing on stage, and halfway through the play, Cui Heli was physically exhausted and fell on the stage.

The class leader refused to take a piece of ocean to treat Cui Heli, and his wife knelt on the streets of Cao County with tears in her eyes, sticking grass sticks in her head to sell herself to save her husband.

After Ma Jinfeng's mother knelt on the street for three days in a row, she met a bold poor man surnamed Ma. His name is Ma Shi, he is a native of Ganluji in Puyang, Henan, and he passes through Cao County on a small business.

Ma Shi gave Ma Jinfeng's mother 22 yuan, she gave this money to a neighbor to help her husband treat his illness, and she went with Ma Shi to work as a nanny at home.

Ma Shi has a wife and children, and the couple are kind-hearted, and after they let Ma Jinfeng's mother do some housework, they also let her often go home to take care of her husband and daughter.

The bumpy Yu opera master Ma Jinfeng: eternal "Mu Guiying", two marriages and 4 children

(Ma Jinfeng 14-year-old performance "You Turtle Mountain" stills)

After Cui Heli recovered from illness, in order to find a way out for his daughter, he taught his 3-year-old daughter to learn to sing Hebei Bangzi. When urging his daughter to practice, Cui Heli was extremely strict.

He spread a mat on the ground and asked Ma Jinfeng to turn his head on it, and he was not allowed to turn over for most of the day.

Ma Jinfeng practiced "kicking towards the sky", and her father wrenched her foot above her head and then put a bowl of water on her foot to prevent the water from overflowing.

Ma Jinfeng began to sing on the same stage with her father at the age of 7, she was smart, lively and cute, and the audience gave her the stage name "7-year-old red".

When Ma Jinfeng was 8 years old, her father took her out of Shandong to sell art in Kaifeng, Henan. Coinciding with the performance of Henan Bangzi famous Ma Shuangzhi in Kaifeng, Cui Helitou introduced Ma Jinfeng to worship Ma Shuangzhi as a teacher and learn the singing method of auspicious runes.

The bumpy Yu opera master Ma Jinfeng: eternal "Mu Guiying", two marriages and 4 children

Ma Jinfeng was gifted and intelligent, and soon learned the two plays "Hua Da Dynasty" and "Lao Zhengdong". From this time on, Ma Jinfeng changed from Hebei Bangzi to Henan Bangzi.

In 1931, Ma Jinfeng's grandmother died of illness, and Cui Heli had no money for a funeral, so he sold Ma Jinfeng to a theater master surnamed Kong.

Seeing that Ma Jinfeng was too young and would have to raise for several years before he could appear on stage, he sold her to a theater master surnamed Lu in Kaifeng.

Cui Heli sold his daughter to bury his mother, and there was a tearing pain in his heart, and he sang everywhere to earn money, ready to go to Kaifeng to redeem his daughter.

In September of that year, Cui Heli learned that his daughter had been sold and had a nervous breakdown. After performing in Lankao County, he crashed to death on the pillar of the stage at the age of 34.

02

The bumpy Yu opera master Ma Jinfeng: eternal "Mu Guiying", two marriages and 4 children

In the opera class surnamed Lu, there is an old artist named Guan Yutian, who was also soaked in bitter water and treated Ma Jinfeng as his own daughter. He taught Ma Jinfeng to sing the auspicious talismans in Yu opera, and Ma Jinfeng followed him to learn 5 plays such as "Sanniang Godson", "To the Flower Gun", "Lao Zhengdong" (later renamed "Mu Guiying Hangs the Marshal").

In the spring of 1934, Ma Jinfeng's mother learned that her daughter had been sold twice, and her husband died in grief and anger, crying and borrowing money from relatives and friends, and then rushed to Kaifeng to ransom her daughter.

The owner of the Lu class transferred Ma Jinfeng to a small opera class in Chen Liu County to sing, and Ma Jinfeng's mother inquired everywhere and finally found her daughter. The class leader not only did not release people, but also forced Ma Jinfeng to sing on stage.

Due to excessive use of his voice, Ma Jinfeng's voice disappeared the next day. The class leader rushed to the stage, kicked Ma Jinfeng offstage, and returned her to the Lu class owner in Kaifeng.

Ma's mother paid the ransom, and with Guan Yutian's guarantee, her mother ransomed Ma Jinfeng from the theater class and brought him to her.

The bumpy Yu opera master Ma Jinfeng: eternal "Mu Guiying", two marriages and 4 children

(Young Ma Jinfeng)

In the same year, Ma Shi's wife died of illness, and Ma Jinfeng's mother married Ma Shi. Ma Jinfeng followed his stepfather to change his surname to Ma, and changed his name to Ma Jinfeng.

Ma Jinfeng officially performed on stage at the Sifengying Troupe in Zhengzhou when she was 12 years old, and after learning auspicious runes, she learned to sing Yuxi and Yudong tunes. At the age of 15, she boldly integrated auspicious tunes, Yu Eastern tunes, and Yu Western tunes into one, creating a new way of singing.

After the outbreak of the Anti-Japanese War, Ma Jinfeng resolutely refused to act for the ghosts and traitors, so he went to a remote coal kiln in Mixian County to sing for the coal diggers.

She performed "Lao Zhengdong", and before each performance, Ma Jinfeng cheered up the workers: At present, our poor people are humiliated and the country is suffering, that is, our country is not strong. The country is in trouble, and our country needs thousands of Mu Guiying.

The bumpy Yu opera master Ma Jinfeng: eternal "Mu Guiying", two marriages and 4 children

(Ma Jinfeng and mother)

In 1942, Ma Jinfeng went to Henan Luohe to perform, just arrived in Luohe Rikou called, and a few days later occupied Luohe. The traitor knew Ma Jinfeng's fame and forced Ma Jinfeng to sing a church meeting for Japanese officers, but Ma Jinfeng did not comply.

They arrested the local theater manager and two veteran entertainers. The traitor said that if Ma Jinfeng did not sing a church meeting for the Japanese, these three people would be shot.

Ma Jinfeng told the traitor: I'll sing! She brought more than 20 young martial arts actors, the male actor hid the nine-section whip and the three-section stick in his waist, Ma Jinfeng and the actress smeared the bottom of the pot ash on their faces, their eyes were still stained with eye, and they were barefoot.

The Japanese devil, seeing that it was called Hanako, asked his subordinates to drive Ma Jinfeng and others out of the city, and Ma Jinfeng and the three people who were arrested quickly fled. By the time the ghosts and traitors understood it, they had already run away without a trace.

03

The bumpy Yu opera master Ma Jinfeng: eternal "Mu Guiying", two marriages and 4 children

(Ma Jinfeng)

After the founding of New China, Ma Jinfeng became a respected literary and artistic worker and entered the Henan Yu Opera Troupe.

In 1953, Ma Jinfeng processed the Yu opera "Lao Zhengdong" into "Mu Guiying Hangs the Marshal", which was performed in Shanghai with great success.

In 1956, Ma Jinfeng brought "Mu Guiying Hangs the Commander" to Beijing to perform, which caused a sensation in the capital. The famous playwright Wu Zuguang praised Ma Jinfeng as "Luoyang Peony".

When the Ministry of Culture organized a symposium on "Mu Guiying Hangs a Commander", the leader asked Ma Jinfeng's "Mu Guiying" in the opera to belong to what profession. Ma Jinfeng said: If Mu Guiying belongs to Tsing Yi, it is too stable, if it belongs to Dao Ma Dan is too tender, and if it belongs to Lao Dan and is too old, the "Mu Guiying" I play is considered a "handsome Dan" trade.

The bumpy Yu opera master Ma Jinfeng: eternal "Mu Guiying", two marriages and 4 children

(Ma Jinfeng (right) and Peking Opera master Mei Lanfang (left) in Luoyang in the fall of 1957.) (Color restoration photo) provided by Ma Jinfeng's disciple Liu Bing)

The bumpy Yu opera master Ma Jinfeng: eternal "Mu Guiying", two marriages and 4 children

(Ma Jinfeng's "Mu Guiying Hangs the Commander" stills)

Leaders and attendees applauded Ma Jinfeng. Since then, the new profession of "Shuai Dan" has spread along with Ma Jinfeng's name.

After Ma Jinfeng became famous throughout the country, she starred in "Mu Guiying Hangs the Commander", "Flower Dynasty" and "Flower Gun Edge", which were successively made into color opera movies and caused a sensation throughout the country.

In 1966, the special era began, "Flower Fight Dynasty" starring Ma Jinfeng, some people thought that there was "suspicion of beating the king", and Ma Jinfeng was locked up in the cowshed. She was often subjected to criticism and her hair was cut off.

When she stood on the stage and was fighting, the people next to her slapped her and pulled her hair, and the people in the audience shouted slogans insulting Ma Jinfeng.

Even so, Ma Jinfeng still insisted on practicing, and when she was punished for carrying water, she used water to practice her body.

The bumpy Yu opera master Ma Jinfeng: eternal "Mu Guiying", two marriages and 4 children

(Early Ma Jinfeng)

She was fined for pulling a rack car, and Ma Jinfeng pulled the cart to practice steps. She was locked up in a cowshed and practiced her eyes against the wall.

In 1976, the special era ended, and Ma Jinfeng regained his freedom.

In 1979, Ma Jinfeng participated in the 30th anniversary of the founding of Henan Province, and "Flower Dynasty", which was branded as a "poisonous weed" in a special era, was also unbanned, and she cried while acting in this scene.

04

In the 80s of last century, Ma Jinfeng served as the head of the first troupe of the Luoyang Yu Opera Troupe, and she was also the oldest leader of the domestic literary and art troupe at that time.

The bumpy Yu opera master Ma Jinfeng: eternal "Mu Guiying", two marriages and 4 children

(Ma Jinfeng Cheng Seven grandma stills)

Ma Jinfeng, who is in his 60s, led actors to perform all over the country, and every time Ma Jinfeng performed, he would sing "Three Cannons Outside the Gate" in "Mu Guiying Hangs the Commander".

She sang on stage, and the applause from the audience continued.

In 2000, Ma Jinfeng was 78 years old and participated in the CCTV opera party.

In 2001, she starred in the new version of "Mu Guiying Hangs the Commander", which was a great success at the Beijing Poly Theater.

In 2004, Ma Jinfeng was 82 years old and participated in the CCTV opera evening again.

In 2005, Ma Jinfeng participated in the CCTV Spring Festival Gala and Lantern Festival Gala.

In his 80s, he is still active on the stage, which is rare, and Ma Jinfeng has become an evergreen recognized by theater fans.

The bumpy Yu opera master Ma Jinfeng: eternal "Mu Guiying", two marriages and 4 children

(Ma Jinfeng and Mei Baojiu)

In order to protect his throat, Ma Jinfeng does not smoke or drink, and schedules on time. In winter, she does not turn on the heating at home, and she is worried that the indoor air is dry and hot, and her voice is hoarse.

Ma Jinfeng is in his 80s and insists on practicing every day, which is awe-inspiring.

Ma Jinfeng has had two marriages, and her first husband is named Zhang Yushan, who is 12 years older than Ma Jinfeng. The two married in the 40s of last century and had a daughter Ma Chunrong.

Due to personality reasons, coupled with Ma Jinfeng performing outside all year round, the rift between the two is getting bigger and bigger, and the two divorced in the 40s of last century, and their daughter lived with Ma Jinfeng.

After the divorce, Ma Jinfeng remarried, and her husband's name was Cui Yanshou, who was the chief of the landscape section of the Dengfeng Construction Bureau in Henan Province.

The bumpy Yu opera master Ma Jinfeng: eternal "Mu Guiying", two marriages and 4 children

(Ma Jinfeng and his wife with their youngest daughter Ma Dianshen

After marriage, the couple had a son and two daughters, the eldest daughter was named Ma Yanpu, the son was named Ma Jianxin, and the youngest daughter was named Ma Dianshen.

Cui Yanshou is a super Yu opera fan, and after retirement, he followed Ma Jinfeng's drama class to take care of his wife's life.

Ma Jinfeng had a good relationship with her second husband and almost never blushed. When she was in her 80s, Cui Yanshou died of illness, and Ma Jinfeng lived alone.

05

Ma Jinfeng is in his 90s and also participates in performances and social activities. In 2013, Ma Jinfeng participated in the Spring Festival Gala held by the China Federation of Literary and Literary Associations.

The bumpy Yu opera master Ma Jinfeng: eternal "Mu Guiying", two marriages and 4 children

(Old Ma Jinfeng)

In 2014, 92-year-old Ma Jinfeng participated in the Henan Province Yudong Diversion Seminar and the 65th Anniversary Achievement Exhibition of Yu Theater in Shangqiu City.

Ma Jinfeng, who is over 90 years old, has gray hair, but she has been practicing for many years, she is in good spirits, her complexion is very good, and her steps are light.

Ma Jinfeng's two daughters live in Henan, and his son and daughter-in-law's family settle in Qingdao, Shandong.

In 2017, his son brought Ma Jinfeng to Qingdao. Living with his son and daughter-in-law's family, Ma Jinfeng lives very comfortably. Because of her age, her heart and kidneys are not good, and her son urges her to take medicine every day.

Ma Jinfeng's medicine had just finished, and his son bought the medicine back. Ma Jinfeng's sleep is very good, but she does not eat on order, so her son's family eats with her.

The bumpy Yu opera master Ma Jinfeng: eternal "Mu Guiying", two marriages and 4 children

(Ma Jinfeng takes students to rehearse the program)

During the epidemic, Ma Jinfeng did not go out and was not infected.

In May 2022, Ma Jinfeng was a little unwell, and her son sent her to the hospital. After examining Ma Jinfeng, the doctor said that he needed to be rescued. While receiving treatment in the hospital, Ma Jinfeng passed away peacefully at 7:15 a.m. on May 29 due to organ failure.

She left calmly and without any pain.

After Ma Jinfeng died, the two daughters took the high-speed train from Henan to Qingdao to take care of their mother's affairs. Because of the strict control during the epidemic, the three sons and daughters handled Ma Jinfeng's future affairs very simply.

The bumpy Yu opera master Ma Jinfeng: eternal "Mu Guiying", two marriages and 4 children

((Ma Jinfeng, November 1922 - May 29, 2022)

It has been more than a year since Ma Jinfeng passed away, and although the three children have pain in their hearts, their lives are very peaceful. My mother lived to be 100 years old and belonged to the old man. Moreover, when the mother was born, all three children did their filial piety, and there were no regrets. The 3 children live a strong life to remember their mother in heaven.

Ma Jinfeng and her ex-husband's daughter Ma Chunrong had a tragic fate. Ma Chunrong grew up in a pear garden and inherited Ma Jinfeng's artistic talent.

In the 50s of last century, Ma Chunrong was admitted to Henan Provincial Opera School, and after graduation, he was assigned to the Second Troupe of Henan Yu Opera.

In the special era, Ma Jinfeng was criticized, and Ma Chunrong was mentally stimulated and committed suicide.

The bumpy Yu opera master Ma Jinfeng: eternal "Mu Guiying", two marriages and 4 children

(Ma Jinfeng and son Ma Jianxin)

The pain of losing his daughter has always accompanied Ma Jinfeng for the rest of his life. Ma Jinfeng passed away to find his wife and daughter in heaven.

Although Ma Jinfeng is gone, the classic Yu opera plays such as "Mu Guiying Hangs a Commander", "Yang Bajie You Chun", "Hua Da Dynasty" and "Flower Gun Edge" starring her will always shine in the hundred gardens of Chinese opera!

-END-

The headline number is first published, opening the whole network to protect rights, plagiarism must be investigated!

Read on