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The international situation in India's northeastern state is fraught with uncertainty, not only as its people struggle to survive, but India's neighbors Bhutan and Nepal are also showing dissatisfaction with India.
Nepal, in particular, despite the relatively small kingdom of Bhutan, located in two countries in the Himalayas, dares to openly confront India. Indians generally believe that they have always been friendly to Nepal, providing up to $10 million in aid to Nepal every year.
However, the intervention of the Indian government in international affairs has caused discontent in Nepal. India seems to regard Nepal as its 29th state, interfering in and influencing Nepal's internal affairs, and Nepal has lost its national dignity. Especially in recent years, India has taken the opportunity to contact the Madhesi inside Nepal privately, claiming to support their establishment of autonomous regions and even independent states. When the Nepalese government tried to suppress separatism, India immediately imposed a blockade on Nepal. In less than a few months, Nepal was barely able to import more than ninety percent of its raw materials, leaving nearly 3 million children facing hunger.
This act is undoubtedly the disintegration and destruction of Nepal. Nepalese officials are puzzled why their country has to be split in half because their country is already small. Although Nepal is surrounded by India to the east, south and west of its border with India, and previously had Sikkim as a neighboring country, Sikkim has also been annexed by India. Although Nepal has the Himalayas as a natural barrier to the north, these mountains not only block the water vapor of the Indian Ocean, but also prevent Nepal's power from expanding north.
India is well aware of Nepal's concerns and understands that all necessities of life in Nepal must be transported through India. As long as India moves its fingers and implements military exercises or blockades, Nepal will quickly give in. Nepal's rulers also understand their plight, and with India's financial assistance, they have chosen to compromise and go with India's wishes.
What has changed in recent years, however, is that Nepal has begun to stop listening because of a new partner, China. Nepal has been wary of India's intervention, especially India's frequent blockade of Nepal. Therefore, when Nepal saw China's intervention, it immediately threw itself into China's arms. Nepal knows that China has the ability to counter India's intervention.
With China, a new neighbor, Nepal's self-confidence has greatly increased. In 2020, Nepal included 400 square kilometers of territorial disputes with India on its own map and enshrined it in its constitution. While this may not be a big deal for other countries, it is a rare attempt at territorial regain for the Nepalese government, which has always been at India's behest, albeit an action on a map, but symbolizes Nepal's determination to preserve the dignity of the country.
Nepal has endured too long to endure India's oppression. Faced with the situation of dead nets, the Nepalese government decided to confront India, and the people rushed to the mountains to fight guerrilla warfare. In the northeastern state region of India, this is not uncommon. At the same time, China has also provided Nepal with necessary support, especially in protracted warfare and guerrilla warfare, and China has rich experience.
With China's help, Nepal's courage has further increased, which has caused headaches for the Indian government. India is well aware of its geopolitical advantages and Nepal's dependence on India. However, China's involvement has changed the landscape and provided Nepal with more diplomatic and strategic options.
In short, the international situation in the Indian state of Northeast Pradesh is undergoing profound changes. Nepal's gradual weaning away from India, with China's support, has forced India to re-examine its policies and actions in the region. In the future, the relationship between India and Nepal will continue to be influenced by China, which will have a significant impact on the geopolitical landscape of the entire region. Today, the Modi government must face a more complex and challenging international environment
The increasingly complex international environment in the Indian state of Northeast Pradesh has put pressure on the Indian government due to close cooperation between China and Nepal. There has been a marked change in the attitude of the Nepalese government, which no longer easily submits to India's wishes, but seeks more independence and sovereignty. This change in attitude is reflected in the Nepalese government's courage to challenge India's territorial disputes and its active assertion on the international stage.
Nepal has become a lot more bold, which is also thanks to China's support. China has not only provided political support, but has also provided vital economic assistance to Nepal, helping to alleviate the crisis caused by the blockade. This help not only boosts Nepal's self-confidence, but also makes India anxious. India is no longer Nepal's only option, Nepal has more diplomatic and strategic options.
Both the government and people of Nepal are aware that the old model of dependence no longer applies. They want to ensure the security and prosperity of their countries by partnering with multiple countries. This pluralistic foreign policy has enabled Nepal to better respond to external challenges and play a more active role in international affairs.
The Indian government must now reassess its policy in the region. China's influence is expanding, and Nepal's changing attitude suggests that India's hegemony in the region is threatened. The Modi government needs to adopt a more flexible and pragmatic foreign policy to safeguard India's geopolitical interests.
At this turbulent time, the international situation in India's northeastern state is full of uncertainty. Disputes and cooperation between India, China and Nepal will continue to affect stability and development in the region. The Indian government must find the right balance to ensure peace and prosperity in the region. The challenges ahead will test the wisdom and flexibility of India's diplomacy, which will also determine the future of the entire region.
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