2023 100 family surnames Wu surname:
[Interpretation] Wu "mixed also". Wu's definition is intertwined. The ancients said: three people mixed with each other called "three", five people mixed into "Wu". The oracle "five" character, "×" is like a staggered shape. In addition, the word "five" means that between two things, the original meaning of "five" is staggered.
[Origin] is derived from the surname Qi, from Wu Xu, a courtier of the ancient Yellow Emperor, and belongs to the ancestor's name. When the Yellow Emperor was the tribal leader, he had a minister named Wu Xu. Wu Xu is the ancestor of the Wu family of the Chu state, and when the Wu family passed down to the Spring and Autumn Period, the king of Chuzhuang had a counselor named Wu Shen, and legend has it that he is a descendant of Wu Xu. After that, the descendants of Wu Shen took the ancestor's name as their surname, and their descendants have been called Wu for generations, and the history is called Wu Zhenzong.
First ancestor: Wu Xu (Minister of the Yellow Emperor)
2023 hundred surnames surnamed Wei:
[Interpretation] Wei's original meaning is to deviate. In the oracle bone script, Wei Zi is like two people walking opposite each other, and it is also like two hands rubbing a piece of leather. This is the original meaning of Wei Zi.
【Origin】Da Peng, grandson of Zhuan Yi, was a prince of the Xia Dynasty; When Emperor Xia was young, he gave him another grandson named Yuanzhe Yu Fengwei (in the southeast of present-day Hua County, Henan) to establish the state of Fengwei. Fengwei, also known as Wei, was destroyed by the Shang tribal leader Tang at the end of the Xia Dynasty, and the descendants of the Wei royal family after the fall of the kingdom took the surname of the original country, which was Wei. It can be seen that the earliest one was formed around the 16th century BC.
Surname ancestor: Yuanzhe
2023 100 surnames Shen surname:
【Interpretation】The original meaning of Shin is thunder and lightning. The ancient text defines Shen as a god. In the oracle bone script, the Shen character is like clouds and lightning.
【Origin】1. At the beginning of the Western Zhou Dynasty, the descendants of Sun Boyi, a descendant of the Yan Emperor, established the Shen State surnamed Jiang between present-day Shaanxi and Shanxi, and moved to Nanyang, Henan by the time of King Xuan of Zhou, and was destroyed by the State of Chu in 688 BC, and the descendants took the state as their name, that is, the Shen clan. 2. At the same time as the Nanyang Shen State, there was also a Shen State, in present-day Xinyang, Henan, called Dongshen, which was destroyed by the State of Chu in 680 BC, and its descendants took the state as the clan, also known as the Shen clan.
Surname ancestor: Boyi, Rijing
2023 100 surnames surnamed You:
【Interpretation】Especial, the original meaning is special and prominent. Especially is a shape sound character, "B" is the shape symbol, and "again" is the sound symbol. "Again" indicates the development of things. The better you are, the more you will be hindered, and although you are hindered, you can still surpass. This shows its excellence.
[Origin] is derived from the surname Qi, from the Shen clan of the Minyue State during the Five Dynasties period, and belongs to the surname changed to a name. The Shen clan avoided the name of King Xunzhi of Minyue during the Five Dynasties period and changed it to You. The Shen clan, derived from the tenth son of King Wen of Zhou, Dan Ji, obtained the surname because it was taken from Shenyi (present-day Runan, Henan), so the earliest birthplace of the surname Tianxia You was the Shen State 3,000 years ago.
Surname: Ji Zai (son of King Wu of Zhou)
2023 100 surnames Bi surname:
Bi, the original meaning is field net, that is, the long-handled net used for hunting in ancient times. The bi characters on the oracle bone gold script are like long-handled hoods woven from branches.
[Origin] is derived from the surname Ji, with the country as the name. At the end of Shang, Gao, the fifteenth son of King Wen of Zhou, made great achievements with King Wu of Zhou. After the establishment of the Western Zhou Dynasty, it was one of the "Four Saints of the Early Zhou Dynasty". Later, he was given the title of Bidi (present-day Chang'an, northern Xianyang, Shaanxi) by King Ji of Zhou Wu, and established the state of Bi, known as "Bigonggao". Ji Gao, together with Ji Dan the Duke of Zhou and Ji Xi, the Duke of Zhao, assisted the government, so that the Zhou Dynasty formed a prosperous era of "Chengkang's Rule". Bi Gonggao's descendant Bi Wan later served in the Jin state and was given the title of Wei Di (Ruicheng, Shanxi), and his descendants changed their surname to Wei. Those who still live in Bi Guo take the country as their name and call it Bi Shi. Bi and Wei are of the same origin.
Surname ancestor: Bi Gonggao
2023 100 family surnames Nie:
【Interpretation】Nie, from the glyph point of view, from the ear, from the double, means that the ear is long. According to the Shuowen, Nie's original meaning is to whisper to the ear, indicating the righteousness passed down by the ears of the people.
【Origin】In the Spring and Autumn Period, Wei Guo had a Nie Yi, in the north of present-day Qingfeng County, Henan, Wei Guo's doctor was sealed here, with Feng Yi as the name, that is, the Nie clan.
Ancestor of surname: Jiang Shang (Jiang Ziya)
2023 Hundred Family Surnames Cong:
【Interpretation】 bush, originally grass, jungle. By extension, gathering. The golden text of the cluster character is composed of thatch of various postures of the upper and lower structures. Refers to densely growing vegetation.
【Origin】1. Originated from the leader of the branch state in the Emperor Yao period, Cong Zhi, named after the ancestor. During the ancient Emperor Yao, there were four ancient states: Chong (present-day Dengfeng, Henan), Zhi (present-day Yicheng, Hubei), Xu (present-day Zibo, Shandong), and Ao (present-day Shanggao, Jiangxi). Cong, is the leader of the branch country, called Cong Branch. Di Yao conquered these four small countries, and Cong Zhi also became Emperor Yao's subordinate vassals. 2. Originated from the Xiongnu ethnic group, from the Western Han Dynasty riding general Jin Ilpeng, with Yi as the clan. His descendants moved to Congjia Xian (present-day Wendeng, Shandong), and took the place of residence as their clan.
Surname ancestor: descendant of Tang Yao Kim Il-chan
2023 hundred family surnames Jiao:
【Interpretation】The original meaning of jiao is to roast a bird. The word for scorch in the oracle bone text is a bird roasted on a fire. The word scorched is also extended to the state of scorching after fire.
【Origin】After King Wu of Zhou established the state in the early Western Zhou Dynasty, Sun Yujiao, a descendant of the Shennong clan, established the state of Jiao (present-day Jiaocheng, Shaanxi County), which was destroyed by the state of Jin in the spring and autumn, and his descendants took the country as their surname, so they became the Jiao clan.
Surname ancestor: Jiao Bo
2023 Hundred Family Names to Surnames:
[Interpretation] Xiang, "Xiangye". The original meaning of xiang refers to a window or chimney mouth facing north.
[Origin] surname, after the Duke of Song Huan. Gongzi 肸, the character Xiang's father, his grandson is the left master, with the ancestral character as the clan, that is, the Xiang clan. In addition, during the Western Zhou Dynasty, there was a Xiangguo, a small princely state, which was a prince of King Wu of Zhou in the early Western Zhou Dynasty, and when he posthumously named the descendants of the first emperor, one of the descendants of Emperor Feng Yan was in Xiangdi (present-day southern Ju County, Shandong), and established a Xiangguo, and the monarch was called Xiangbo.
First ancestor: Xiang Father (monarch of the Song Kingdom)
2023 hundred family surnames Liu:
【Interpretation】Willow is the name of a plant, a deciduous tree in the willow family. The shoots are flexible, the leaves are narrow and long, and the seeds are hairy.
【Origin】Lu Xiaogong Ji said that he had a son Ji Zhan (Yibo Zhan), and his grandson Ji Wuxiao took the name of his grandfather and called the Zhan clan. Later, it was passed to Zhanxia, called Gongzi Zhan, in Lu Guo, served as a judge (in charge of the prison official), and was sealed in Liuxia (present-day Liuxiatun Town, Puyang, Henan), known as Liu Xia Ji, and because of his posthumous nickname "An" Xuan, he was called Liu Xiahui in history. Therefore, his descendants took Liu as their clan.
Ancestor of the surname: Megumi Yanagita (Zhan Bird)