Driverless vehicles automatically recognize signal lights; Intelligent algorithm realizes automatic matching of power generation and consumption; Intelligent imaging quickly gives diagnosis and treatment judgment; Smart factory carries out refined management of production processes... At present, artificial intelligence is continuously empowering all walks of life in China, and has become an important driving force for China's innovation and development, industrial upgrading and economic growth. Many foreign media reported that China is at the forefront of the world in artificial intelligence technology innovation, industrial development and governance system.
"Hardcore results continue to emerge"
Not long ago, the smart terminal of Tianjin Port attracted the attention of Bloomberg. "Using self-developed artificial intelligence and 5G and other technologies, staff can remotely control unmanned electric container trucks for loading and unloading operations in real time. In this way, the terminal successfully solves the problems of worker safety, staff shortages, and costs. Bloomberg reported.
Smart terminals are a microcosm of the rapid development of Chinese intelligence. The website of American diplomats reported that in recent years, China's hardcore achievements in the field of artificial intelligence have continued to emerge. In February, China announced the development of artificial intelligence algorithms to help satellites evade space debris. At the same time, China is also developing a platform of CubeSats that uses artificial intelligence to make decisions that can be used to defend against attacks on Chinese space assets.
"In China, artificial intelligence is increasingly present in everyday life." Latin American News Agency reported that face recognition, voice recognition, cashless payment, autonomous driving, drones, robots, 5G connectivity and big data analysis have gradually become part of Chinese social life. At present, China has also appeared "artificial intelligence hotels", where employees and robots are jointly responsible for room service, restaurant service, etc., and guests can self-check-in through face recognition. China's state media team already has AI anchors in their appearances and postures so realistic that it's hard to believe they're generated by AI programs. Artificial intelligence is also widely used in the field of health care, and is the underlying technology of many equipment and software such as disease diagnosis, thrombosis detection, denture production, etc.
The number of patents reflects China's innovation dynamism in the field of artificial intelligence. The Nikkei newspaper reported that between January 2018 and October 2022, more than 50 countries and regions around the world applied for a total of 1.15 million AI-related patents, of which the three countries with the largest number of patent applications were China (648,000), the United States (191,000) and South Korea (52,800). China has twice as many patent applications as the second and third places combined, which means that China is very active in innovation in the field of artificial intelligence.
At present, the Chinese intelligent industrial ecology is gradually taking shape. According to the China Academy of Information and Communications Technology, the scale of the core industry of Chinese intelligence will reach 508 billion yuan in 2022, a year-on-year increase of 18%. There are more than 4,200 representative companies, accounting for about 16% of the world.
According to Reuters, a report released by the Science and Technology Policy Group of Georgetown University in the United States in February this year showed that by the end of 2021, China had more than 1,600 artificial intelligence companies and had become the world's second-largest market, after the United States. From 2015 to 2021, 1,239 Chinese companies attracted 2,299 investments and raised $110 billion in 36 countries.
"Accelerating the development of artificial intelligence is an important strategic starting point for China to win the initiative of global scientific and technological competition. At present, the Chinese industry is developing rapidly. China is using AI to build development advantages and accelerate the pace of innovation. The Voice of America radio website reported.
Continuous innovation and efforts from many parties
Behind the rapid development of the Chinese industry is the continuous efforts of the government, enterprises, scientific research institutes and other parties.
Latin American News Agency reported that in 2017, China released the "New Generation of Artificial Intelligence Development Plan". Since then, China has accelerated its pace and strived for a major breakthrough in the basic theory of artificial intelligence by 2025 and a world-leading level in artificial intelligence theory, technology and application by 2030. This process is accompanied by the introduction of relevant laws and regulations and the development and implementation of policies on AI security assessment and control capabilities. At present, China is still constantly improving the layout of relevant new infrastructure and moving towards the goal of further development.
Recently, a number of phenomenal applications represented by ChatGPT have emerged, and generative artificial intelligence and large language models have aroused heated discussions around the world. Reuters, The Economist and other foreign media reported that Chinese technology giants are accelerating the launch of relevant applications to compete for a place in the artificial intelligence race.
"In the field of artificial intelligence, Chinese technology companies are competing to innovate. China's tech industry is currently undergoing a profound shift around artificial intelligence. The US Consumer News and Business Channel website reported.
In the field of artificial intelligence research, China has also shown strong strength. According to a survey conducted by the Nikkei Shimbun and Dutch academic information company Elsevier, China jumped to the world's first place in terms of the quality of AI-related papers in 2019. At present, the number and quality of papers related to Chinese intelligence are still significantly ahead. In 2021, the number of papers related to Chinese intelligence was about twice that of the United States, with 43,000. Taking the number of papers in the top 10% of "citations" as an indicator of paper quality, in 2021, Chinese papers accounted for 7,410 highly cited papers, about 70% more than the United States.
"China has produced the world's top AI scientists. More researchers have presented at top AI conferences than any other country. The website of Time magazine reported a few days ago that "the Chinese government is still working hard to improve its domestic scientific base." In order to attract talent, the Chinese government has launched a number of talent introduction programs. ”
The improvement of the governance system further promotes the healthy and orderly development of Chinese intelligence. American media Axios reported that China leads the world in artificial intelligence regulation. Since 2021, China has issued a series of documents, including the Personal Information Protection Law and the New Generation of AI Ethics Code, to protect citizens' rights. Currently, Chinese users have the right to turn off algorithmic recommendation services and decide when to provide them with AI-generated content. China also introduced the Provisions on the Administration of Deep Synthesis of Internet Information Services in 2022 to prevent the use of artificial intelligence for deep counterfeiting.
"Laying the foundation for long-term growth"
"Artificial intelligence is the 'key move' for the innovation and development of China's manufacturing industry." According to an article on the website of American diplomats, China is expected to invest $14.7 billion in artificial intelligence in 2023, accounting for about 10% of global investment. By 2026, that figure is estimated to reach around $26 billion.
"In the future, China's leading momentum in artificial intelligence is likely to continue." According to the Nikkei newspaper, China aims to become the world's major AI innovation center by 2030. It is expected that Chinese technology companies will continue to vigorously promote artificial intelligence research and development, and many start-ups will continue to make efforts.
"China has set a clear goal of becoming a global leader in AI by 2030. A series of governance measures issued by China will further give advantages to the Chinese industrial intelligence industry. In the future, China may further stand out in the artificial intelligence competition. Fox News reported.
International Data Corporation (IDC) released a report that the innovation and iteration of Chinese intelligent technology has driven the continuous landing of application scenarios, and hot spots such as generative artificial intelligence, artificial intelligence large models, and intelligent decision-making have also brought more possibilities for Chinese intelligence. At the same time, the digital transformation of enterprises has also spawned the demand for artificial intelligence technology, laying the foundation for the long-term growth of the scale of the Chinese intelligent industry. It is expected that the Chinese market spending will increase to US$14.75 billion in 2023, accounting for about 1/10 of the global total. In 2026, the market size of Chinese intelligence will exceed 26 billion US dollars, and hardware will account for 56%.
The website of the US "Nation" weekly reported that based on China's strong technology base, the "undoubted advantage" of the consumer market and strong policy drive, China's artificial intelligence is advancing by leaps and bounds, and may become an important driving force for China's economic growth. (Reporter Lin Zihan)
Source: People's Daily Overseas Edition