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"Emperor Sui labored the people, built the Great Wall to prepare for the Turks, and it was useless to die. Shu Wei put Li Shiwei in Jinyang and the dust is not shocked, it is the Great Wall, isn't it magnificent! ”
This is the evaluation of Xu Shiwei by Emperor Taizong of Tang Li Shimin recorded in the Zizhi Tongjian, a king in Chinese history who can be called the first emperor of the ages, and in his political career he won many powerful generals.
But even so, Li Shiwei was a living Great Wall in his mind, a famous general in the early Tang Dynasty, resourceful, who made many contributions to the establishment and stability of the early Tang Dynasty, and assisted three generations of emperors in the Tang Dynasty, especially during the Tang Taizong Dynasty.
He followed Emperor Taizong of Tang to pacify the four directions and offered advice, and was a well-deserved Tang military master, but when he was dying, he left a last word for his family: if his descendants appear superior and misbehave, they cannot stay, otherwise they will definitely rebel.
Perhaps many people cannot understand how such a minister with great military merits has fought for the country all his life, how his descendants can rebel, and how can he know.
However, as he said, his descendants opposed the imperial court and could not end well.
A Wagang general from a family
"The people on Wagang Mountain will disperse, and the whole country will return to the Great Tang."
As a famous rebel army force in the late Sui Dynasty, the strength of Wagang Mountain in the early period was particularly strong, and even Li Yuan's rebel army could not be compared to it, and Xu Maogong was an important figure in it.
In history, Xu Maogong was born in the Xu family of Gaopingbei ancestor, his family is solid, Xu's father and he are both benevolent and charitable, but all distant relatives and neighbors as long as they need help, father and son are willing to help.
At the end of the Sui Dynasty, under the national government of the Sui Emperor who was poor and extravagant and militaristic, the rule of the Sui Dynasty gradually came to an end, and the world was full of smoke, whether it was peasants or various aristocratic groups, they all raised troops to establish themselves as kings.
Xu Maogong saw that the world was in chaos at this time, and the imperial court was unpopular, so he participated in the Wagang peasant uprising led by Zhai Rang.
Xu Maogong was resourceful and offered many useful strategies and suggestions for Zhai Rang's uprising, so Zhai Rang soon gathered a group of men and horses to follow him.
At this time, the Sui army sent 20,000 troops to destroy Wagang, and Zhai Rang tried to flee in fear, but Xu Maogong stopped him and adopted the tactics of luring the enemy deep into the Wagang army and ambushing the attack to annihilate the Sui army in one fell swoop.
In the thirteenth year of Daye, Li Mi proclaimed himself the Duke of Wei in Wagang, and Xu Maogong was sealed by Li as the general of the Right Wuhou, and with the support of Xu Maogong and others, the Wagang army soon became strong and became a major force at that time.
However, with the great increase in Wagang's strength, contradictions began to appear within it, and Li Mi was not a Ming monarch who could truly achieve great things.
In order to rule out dissidents, first Zhai Rang was killed by Li Mi at the banquet, and Xu Maogong was also seriously injured, in order to calm people's hearts, Li Mi gave the old part of Zhai Rang's subordinates to Xu Maogong and others.
Zhai Rang's death also ended Xu Maogong's Wagang career, and there was chaos on Wagang Mountain, and eventually the Wagang people would be separated from Germany and dispersed, and the Wagang Uprising basically failed.
Guishun Tang repeatedly made battle merits
In October 618, the first year of Wude, the Wagang army defeated Wang Shichong, and Li Mi led the people of Wagang to submit to Li Tang, at this time Li Yuan had already declared himself emperor in Chang'an, and after Li Mi's surrender, the original possession was temporarily taken over by Xu Maogong.
At this time, Xu Maogong was very valued in Li Tang, even surpassing the rest of the generals, but history seems to play a joke, Xu Maogong just can't be the boss.
If Xu Maogong fights under Li Shimin or Li Jing, he will be an unrivaled fierce general, but as long as he becomes the commander, he does not have that invincible sharpness, as if there is no place to make it, history is so strange.
After returning to the Tang Dynasty, Xu Maogong followed Li Shimin to pacify the princes of the world, and finally ushered in his destined battle.
In the third year of Zhenguan, the Tang attacked the Eastern Turks in the north, and Xu Maogong led a group of people to attack and open the way to attack Jieli Khan, Xu Maogong fought hard, so that the Turks could not be defeated, and finally the Tang army surrounded and captured Jieli Khan alive.
This battle is the highest point of Xu Maogong's career, of course, there are countless merits in his life, such as defeating Wang Shichong and Dou Jiande with the army when locking the five dragons, etc., but compared with the Pingding Eastern Turks, it is all a small witch.
It was precisely because of his repeated battle merits in the Great Tang Dynasty that Xu Maogong gained supreme glory, was given the surname of the country, gave him the surname Li and Liangtian and the house, and since then, Xu Maogong's real name Xu Shiwei has been renamed Li Shiwei.
This is Xu Maogong's first name change.
Xu Maogong is an official in the dynasty, and he can always achieve a balance between public and private, which I think all bosses prefer.
Combine public and private to enjoy the award
There are three things that can reflect Xu Maogong's balance between public and private, the first thing occurred during the period of Xu Maogong's surrender to the Tang Dynasty, and Xu Maogong's letter of invitation to surrender was always written to Li Mi, whether it was to give land or merit, always forgetting the old master's grace.
The second event was that after Li Mi's death, Li Mi returned to the Tang Dynasty but his mind was not correct, and he was killed in rebellion, and Xu Maogong told Li Yuan that he had been Li Mi's subordinate and asked Li Yuan to allow him to bury Li Mi with the rest of his old ministry.
The third thing was to deal with the rebellion of the crown prince Li Chengqian during the Zhenguan period, and Xu Maogong tried the case extremely fairly, and finally succeeded in electing Li Zhi the Prince of Jin as the crown prince.
Xu Maogong was so loyal, and Li Shimin also gave enough in return.
In the seventeenth year of Zhenguan, Emperor Taizong of Tang ordered people to paint the portraits of twenty-four heroes and place them in the Lingyan Pavilion, and Xu Maogong was also among them.
By the time of Emperor Gaozong of Tang, he was still a heavy minister relied on by the emperor.
In order to make Emperor Gaozong Li Zhi realize the importance of Xu Maogong, Li Shimin also played a careful trick, first demoting Xu Maogong to a foreign official, and telling Li Zhi that he would appoint him as a servant in the future, so that he would better serve Li Zhi.
Giving surnames, sealing officials, and explaining to his son for reuse, Xu Maogong can be said to have enjoyed all the honors here in Li Shimin, but is this Xu Maogong different from what we used to know?
The Wagang Army Master in the legendary novel
Xu Shiwei is indeed a person in history, and in the heroic legendary novel "Romance of the Sui and Tang Dynasties" in the Qing Dynasty.
He is the military master Xu Maogong of the magic and calculation, he is wearing a Dao robe, holding a dust whisk, and he looks like a fairy wind Dao bone, even if he is a great enemy, he can rely on his magic and magic to skillfully resolve.
While the Sui and Tang series of novels are widely circulated, it has also made the name Xu Maogong a household name, and everyone who has seen the Sui and Tang stories must not know this clever military master.
However, this creation also has traces, Xu Maogong advised the growth of Wagang during his more than ten years in Wagang, and repeatedly won battles with warlords and imperial courts in various places, making Wagang, a peasant rebel army, a force in the late Sui Dynasty, and he was a well-deserved military division of Wagang.
Therefore, when creating the novel, there were too many generals in Wagang, and under the trade-off, Xu Maogong was portrayed into the role of a military master of Xianfeng Daobone, weakening his ability to lead troops to fight.
Although Xu Maogong in the novel can give advice, he rarely leads troops into battle, but Xu Shiwei in real history is a founding general of the Tang Dynasty.
He was not only resourceful but also able to fight well, and was one of the twenty-four heroes of the Zhenguan Dynasty, whether it was Tang Gaozu Li Yuan, Tang Taizong Li Shimin, or Tang Gaozong Li Zhi and later Wu Zetian, they all had a high evaluation of him, and were very respectful and respectful.
It's just that with the influence and circulation of the novel, compared to his real name Xu Shiwei, the name Xu Maogong is easier for more people to know.
The last words are a saying
When Xu Maogong was a teenager, it was an era of heroes in the late Sui Dynasty, and he first made a career in Wagang with his outstanding ability, and later returned to Li Tang to assist the emperors of the three dynasties, and opened up territory in the southern and northern wars.
As the founding general of the Tang Dynasty, Xu Maogong was not only resourceful, but also made great achievements.
While being highly regarded by the king, he knows the truth that a companion is like a tiger, and has always been cautious in his words and deeds, always keeping the future and fate of his family in mind.
Especially after seeing the situation of Fang Xuanling, Du Ruxian and others, he understood better that the glory given by the king was a double-edged sword.
Therefore, even before he died, he still left a last word to his descendants, if his descendants appeared capable but misbehaved, they must be killed, otherwise they will rebel.
What is even more surprising is that his last words will come true one day in the future.
Xu Maogong made indelible contributions to the stability and development of the Tang Dynasty throughout his life, and every generation of kings he served admired him very much.
Even his descendants can continue to inherit his title and continue his glory, and due to the early death of his son, the title is inherited by his grandson Xu Jingye.
Xu Jingye, also known as Li Jingye, after the emperor gave Xu Maogong the surname Li, his descendants also changed the surname Li, Li Jingye inherited his grandfather's title, and he himself was good at riding and shooting, resourceful, and once did the history of Meizhou assassination.
The Tang Dynasty was one of the most glorious and diverse eras in Chinese history, especially when Wu Zetian became the only female supreme ruler in Chinese history.
However, there were indeed many different voices in the social and political environment at that time regarding Wu Zetian's title of emperor, among which Li Jingye was one who opposed Wu Zetian's reign as emperor.
In the second year of the general chapter, Emperor Gaozong of Tang died and Li Xian succeeded to the throne, but was deposed by Empress Wu the following year, and Li Dan the King of Yu was made emperor by Wu Zetian, at this time the Marquis of Wu had already held all the power, and Li Dan was only a puppet emperor.
It was also in this year that Li Jingye and his younger brother Li Jingyou and others were demoted to the rank of Sima of Liuzhou because of the crime, and the demotion made Li Jingye and others very dissatisfied, and he, together with Wei Siwen and others, began to cause chaos under the guise of restoring the imperial throne of King Luling.
In order to justify his name, Li Jingye was still under the name of the late crown prince Li Xian when he raised troops in Yangzhou.
Li Jingye's rebellion against Emperor Wu naturally would not let it go, and soon the imperial court sent 300,000 soldiers and horses to attack Li Jingye, and at the same time, because of Li Jingye's rebellion, his grandfather and father were also dug up and cut down coffins, cut off official positions and knighthoods, and restored their surnames.
Li Jingye, who had hundreds of thousands of troops, was obviously ambitious, and after he raised his army, he did not accept the ideas of Wen Siwei and others, and insisted on attacking Luoyang, and Li Jingye's rebellion ended in failure.
Under the attack of Li Xiaoyi and Hei Tooth Changzhi, the chief of Jiangnan, Li Jingye was finally defeated and died.
Xu Maogong's last words before his death actually came true, perhaps because of his resourcefulness and foresight, or perhaps because he assisted three generations of emperors of Li Tang to make him understand the truth of protecting his life as a courtier, so he left such last words when he died.
It turned out that Li Jingye's rebellion could not stop Empress Wu's footsteps as emperor, but instead made himself different, and the family's former glory and merits were also deprived of his own rebellion.
All this was indeed as Xu Maogong expected, and the resourceful general's many years of political career made him understand that if his ability and ability could not serve the king and the imperial court, and might even harm the imperial court and become a thorn in the king's side, then naturally there was only one possibility of being eliminated.
The Sui and Tang dynasties were one of the most splendid periods in Chinese history, and perhaps it was precisely because of the abundance of talents that the Tang Dynasty became the pinnacle of Chinese history for thousands of years, and the reign of Zhenguan would be prosperous.