laitimes

More than 300 years ago, in the French colony of Santo Domingo, a French aristocratic marquis, because of the failure of the investment, could not afford to buy a ticket back to France, sold the black female slaves who bore him children.

author:Lin Mucai

More than 300 years ago, in the French colony of Santo Domingo, a French aristocratic marquis, because of the failure of the investment, could not afford to buy a ticket back to France, sold the black female slaves who bore him children. This black slave girl was Marie Sethte Dumas, the French writer who wrote the Count of Monte Cristo, the grandmother of Alexandre Dumas.

Dumas's grandfather, marquis de la Paedri, led a group of black slaves to grow sugar cane on the island of Santo Domingo. While earning money, he bought the slave girl Marie Sethte Dumas and bore her three daughters and a son, the father of Dumas, Thomas Alexander.

Later, for unknown reasons, the Marquis lost no money to return to France, so he sold Mary and their three daughters, and then sold his son. The Marquis, who had received the money, returned to France without any worries, and after receiving an inheritance, the Marquis ransomed his son.

In this way, Alexander, who was born with black skin, entered the French aristocratic circle at the age of 18 with the blood of his father, but he, a black-and-white mixed nobleman, was kicked out of the group chat, and the marquis also felt that his origin was insulting. Ambitious Alexander took the black slave surname of his mother , Dumas " , and joined Napoleon 's army.

With his bravery, Alexander went from a lowly soldier to a mighty general. Later, for some reason, he fell down. In 1802, Alexander gave birth to a son with a white woman, who gave his name to him, Alexandre Dumas, the great Dumas who was born with white skin and blue eyes.

When Dumas was four years old, his father died. His cousin told him, "Your father was taken away by God. Dumas listened, took his father's gun and went to a duel with God. In Dumas's childhood memories, his father was his hero.

Soon, his grandfather also went bankrupt, and he and his mother lived in poverty. The whole childhood was spent wandering in the forest alone. When he was 13 years old, his mother asked him if he had changed his surname to his grandfather's, but he refused, insisting on using his father's name.

Later, Dumas met a friend who, under his influence, fell in love with reading novels and plays. After coming to Paris, because of his good handwriting, he began to transcribe the script. Since then, this idle young man in the small town has settled down in the big city. At the age of 21, Dumas wrote a play called "Henry III and His Court" and began to march into the literary world.

At the age of 22, dumas, by nature, cohabited with a beautiful seamstress named Caterina Rabe and gave birth to a boy. Like his father, he named his son Alexander Dumas. Then, he ignored the mother and son and continued to write the script.

Seven years later, Dumas, who had become famous, recognized the son and obtained custody of him through the law. But dumas's mother, however, was not given any title, and he believed that this woman of humble origin could not be compared with a woman of high society.

What he did not expect was that his son followed in his footsteps and became a well-known writer, a "La Traviata", which made this illegitimate son, who was not loved by his father since childhood, leap to the top and surpass his father in prestige. Later, in order to distinguish the two grandfathers with the same name and surname, people called them Dumas and Dumas respectively.

Dumas recognized Dumas because one of his mistresses forced Dumas to admit his daughter's identity after giving birth to an illegitimate daughter for him. This reminded Dumas of his illegitimate son, and in order to be fair, he admitted Dumas's identity by the way.

After Dumas wanted to return to Dumas, he never cared about him, just looking for fun with different women every day, busy exchanging lovers with others, and finally sending Dumas to boarding school. Therefore, the little Dumas who had lost his mother's love hated his father very much, and it was not until he became famous that the relationship between the two was eased.

In 1844, the peak of Dumas's creative career, two of his most famous works, "The Three Musketeers" and "The Count of Monte Cristo", were serialized and published, which made him famous for a while, rushed into the first line of writers, and thus became rich.

Dumas, who had the money, wanted to show off his wealth, so he spent a lot of money and invited the famous architect of the time to build a castle in Saint-Germain-on-Les Annes, about 20 kilometers southeast of Paris, which Dumas called Monte Cristo Castle. The high-end atmosphere of the castle is of high quality, and it is extremely luxurious and extravagant.

Dumas squandered his money in the castle, and soon left him in debt, and after only a year, he had to sell at a low price. After several changes of ownership, the castle was completely disfigured by Hoho. In 1969, fans of Dumas's works helped to restore it. In 1994, mont cristo was recognized as a historic monument by the French government.

Although Dumas was a man of timely pleasure, his works made readers relish it and was hailed as the king of popular fiction. The stories he writes are different from the thickness and profundity of pure literary writers, but they are very commercial, full of heroes, revenge, treasure hunting, duels, polyamorous and other eye-catching bridges, which are very interesting and interesting.

Dumas was a prolific writer, writing in 300 volumes, mostly novels and plays. It is said that he hired a large number of writers to help, and some of his works were provided by the writers in manuscripts, and Dumas signed the name and published them. To this end, many people have come forward to report him. But Dumas insisted they had only helped, and that the work had been done by himself. These claims are still puzzling.

Dumas spent his life in a chaotic and chaotic way, and it was rumored that there were hundreds of lovers, which was really a big pig's trotter. But he has a heroic complex, that is, he has been a soldier and participated in politics, participated in an uprising, and has also been exiled, and he has always been a penman. In 1870, Dumas stopped writing for physical reasons. On December 5 of the same year, the bedridden Dumas lost consciousness, stopped breathing at 10 p.m., and his life was frozen forever at the age of 68.

Dumas's life, like his novels, is full of twists and turns, and it can be said that it is still unfinished. On November 30, 2002, his remains were relocated to the Panthéon in Paris, dedicated to some of France's most prominent figures, and as the sixth French writer to enter the area, Dumas's influence was enormous. He said that history is the nail in his novel.

More than 300 years ago, in the French colony of Santo Domingo, a French aristocratic marquis, because of the failure of the investment, could not afford to buy a ticket back to France, sold the black female slaves who bore him children.
More than 300 years ago, in the French colony of Santo Domingo, a French aristocratic marquis, because of the failure of the investment, could not afford to buy a ticket back to France, sold the black female slaves who bore him children.
More than 300 years ago, in the French colony of Santo Domingo, a French aristocratic marquis, because of the failure of the investment, could not afford to buy a ticket back to France, sold the black female slaves who bore him children.
More than 300 years ago, in the French colony of Santo Domingo, a French aristocratic marquis, because of the failure of the investment, could not afford to buy a ticket back to France, sold the black female slaves who bore him children.
More than 300 years ago, in the French colony of Santo Domingo, a French aristocratic marquis, because of the failure of the investment, could not afford to buy a ticket back to France, sold the black female slaves who bore him children.
More than 300 years ago, in the French colony of Santo Domingo, a French aristocratic marquis, because of the failure of the investment, could not afford to buy a ticket back to France, sold the black female slaves who bore him children.

Read on