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Ten Thousand Books of Wanli Road - Remembering the famous Qin and Han history expert Wang Zijin

author:Guangming Network

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Author: Ji Yanan (Senior Editor, Guangming Daily)

Biography of scholars

Ten Thousand Books of Wanli Road - Remembering the famous Qin and Han history expert Wang Zijin

Images courtesy of the author

Prince Jin, a native of Wu'an, Hebei, was born in Harbin in December 1950. Historian. Graduated from the Department of History, Northwestern University in 1982 with a bachelor's degree in archaeology. In 1984, he graduated from the Department of History of Northwest University with a master's degree in ancient Chinese history. He has successively taught at the Department of Literature and History of the Party School of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the School of History of Beijing Normal University, and the College of State Affairs of Chinese Min University. In 2017, he was appointed as a first-class professor of Chinese Min University, and in 2021, he was awarded the title of "Honorary First-class Professor of Chinese min University". Since December 2018, he has been the director of the Department of History at Northwest university. He was a member of the Disciplinary Review Group of the 6th and 7th Degree Committees of the State Council, a Visiting Professor of the School of Humanities of the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, a Hongguo Chair Professor of Nanjing Normal University, and a Distinguished Professor of Chongqing Normal University. He has served as the 11th, 12th and 13th President of the Chinese Society for the Study of Qin and Han History, and is currently an advisor to the Chinese Society for the Study of Qin and Han History and the vice president of the China Heluo Cultural Research Association.

From the young people who joined the line, the railway stevedores to the university students, from the university professors and discipline leaders to the president of the Chinese Qin and Han History Research Association, Professor Wang Zijin's academic path has been extended step by step, and has been continuously extended. With his talent, diligence and fruitful results, he paved a colorful academic trajectory.

"Mother, give me strong support"

In 1977, it was the first year of the resumption of the college entrance examination after the "Cultural Revolution".

Ten Thousand Books of Wanli Road - Remembering the famous Qin and Han history expert Wang Zijin

Pictures of the prince's investigation of the Ruins of the Ejina Han Dynasty in Inner Mongolia are provided by the author

This year's college entrance examination, the prescribed registration age is under 25 years old, but also recruit high school graduates in 1966, 1967.

Wang Zijin, who had only read junior high school, was 27 years old, more than the registration age, and had already worked in the Xi'an Railway Bureau at that time, was participating in front-line labor, and was not willing to take leave to prepare for the exam.

However, there is also a clause in the application conditions, "For those who have rich practical experience and have achievements in research or do have expertise, the age can be relaxed to 30 years old." Prince Jin's mother encouraged him to say that he must not give up this last chance, must sign up, and try to win it. The prince now obeyed his mother's instructions. He said to the staff at the registration office: "Please report it to me, if it is brushed off, I will recognize it!" ”

After more than a month of surprise review, from December 9 to 10 of that year, the prince took the college entrance examination as he wished. He applied for four volunteers, namely Peking University Archaeology, Peking University Library Science, Wuhan University Library Science and Northwest University Archaeology, and was finally admitted to the fourth choice.

The university door opened for him, and the prince now crossed the first hurdle of his life and took the first step on the long road of historical research.

Recalling this important life choice more than 40 years ago, Wang Zijin was very emotional: "Some people say that the most thankful person is the university professor who proposed to resume the college entrance examination; Some people say that the most thankful are the leaders of the countries who made the decision to resume the college entrance examination. For me, an ordinary young man who has been given the opportunity to enter the university campus, I deeply believe that the most important thing to thank is my dear mother who encouraged and supported me to embark on the academic path. ”

Born in 1925, Wang Zijin's mother, Wang Shenzhi, a native of Wu'an, Hebei Province, joined the Communist Party of China in 1941 and has long been engaged in education, youth, and news propaganda. Although she has not gone to college or had the opportunity to directly participate in academic activities, she respects learning, aspires to scholarship, and hopes that her children can have lofty ambitions and be a learned person.

Ten Thousand Books of Wanli Road - Remembering the famous Qin and Han history expert Wang Zijin

Pictures of Wang Zi's book "The World of Qin and Han Children" are provided by the author

In 1981, on the eve of graduating from university, the prince was once again faced with a choice: Do you want to go to graduate school? He felt that he was older, many classmates had not signed up, and it was good to participate in the work directly, and it didn't matter if he took the exam or not.

His mother once again encouraged him to continue his postgraduate studies. In order to alleviate his worries and burdens and let him better review and prepare for the exam, she took her granddaughter, who was just over a year old, to Beijing and put her side to take care of herself. On the day the prince finished his last exam, his mother sent his daughter back to Xi'an.

The prince still vividly remembers the scene when he received his mother and daughter on the platform of xi'an railway station that day. At that moment, he felt his mother's kindness and expectations for him more deeply.

In this year, Wang Zijin was successfully admitted to the graduate school of Professor Lin Jianming of the Department of History of Northwest University, and began to engage in the study of Qin and Han history, opening a door to the world of historiography.

From the time the prince went to college, his mother subscribed to academic magazines such as Archaeology, and also purchased literary and historical books such as the Commentary on the Thirteen Classics, the Records of History, the Book of Han, the Book of Later Han, the Chronicle of the Three Kingdoms, the Zizhi Tongjian, the Selected Works, and the General Catalogue of the Four Libraries. These books and periodicals are not only her own hobby, but also to help her son smoothly enter the hall of historical research. "On the title page of many books, the mother's name stamp is printed, which is still bright and eye-catching. Whenever I look at them, I always have tears in my eyes and I can't stop thinking about them. The prince said movingly.

At the beginning of 1985, Wang Zijin, who had just graduated from graduate school, came to Beijing to work at the Central Party School. This year, his mother also left to devote more time to his love of literature and history. At the suggestion of her neighbor, the famous scholar Mr. Wang Liqi, Wang Shenzhi began to compile and study bamboo branches.

Bamboo branch words are a kind of poetry evolved from ancient Bashu folk songs, mainly to express folk customs and local landscapes, unlike Gelug poetry, which pays attention to the strictness of sentence patterns and rhymes, and is closer to the lives of the people. Tang Dynasty literary scholar Liu Yuxi found that this kind of folk song is of great literary value, so he collected and copied some bamboo branch words, and later generations of literati have imitated them, and it was even more popular in the Qing Dynasty, especially the literati in Jiangsu and Zhejiang, almost all of whom would write bamboo branch words in their hometowns.

The charm of the bamboo branch word deeply attracted Wang Shenzhi. Since then, she has been carrying bread and water every day for more than ten years, leaving from home early in the morning, taking a bus to the Beijing Library (now the National Library) on Wenjin Street to collect bamboo branches, often sitting all day, until the library closes.

Infected by his mother, a "bamboo branch word fan", the prince also participated in it, and the mother and son jointly wrote a good story of collating and studying bamboo branch words hand in hand.

In 1994, when Wang Shenzhi was 69 years old, the "Overseas Bamboo Branches of the Qing Dynasty" compiled by their mother and son was officially published; In 2003, at the age of 78, Wang Shenzhi was published in five volumes of Bamboo Branches of The Past, co-edited by Wang Liqi, Wang Shenzhi and Wang Zijin, and won the China Book Award the following year; In 2009, when Wang Shenzhi was 84 years old, his mother and son co-authored and published "Bamboo Branch Word Research".

Ten Thousand Books of Wanli Road - Remembering the famous Qin and Han history expert Wang Zijin

The picture of Wang Zi's "Draft History of Transportation in the Qin and Han Dynasties" is provided by the author

"It's been 13 years since my mother left us. I thought in my heart that my mother gave me strong support, and some of my ideas and words in my scholarship were long-term memories from the affection of mother and child. My mother's education is the direction guide I have come to today. Her love, guidance and encouragement are my eternal resources and driving force for progress. Her academic efforts are to continue to fulfill her wishes; Her own academic progress is a continuation of her other form of life. The prince said emotionally.

"His learning is as thick and powerful as the Green Dragon Crescent Moon Knife in Guan Gong's hand."

"People in the academic circles honor Professor Zijin as 'Zi Lao', expressing heartfelt admiration, which also shows that his academic achievements have been recognized by scholars." Sun Jiazhou, a professor at the School of History at Chinese Min University, said.

Treatises and papers are the basic way for scholars to publish disciplinary research results, which can best represent the academic level and academic thinking of a scholar, and reflect the research methods and academic realm of a scholar.

Over the past few decades, Wang Zi has presided over and completed a series of major and key projects of the National Social Science Foundation and a number of humanities and social science fund projects of the Ministry of Education, published more than 60 books, published more than 860 professional papers, and published more than 420 other academic articles.

"Only eight buckets of ten thousand books, floating in the crowd of wine immortals." On the day of prince's 70th birthday, Li Huarui, an expert in Song history, commented on Wang Zijin with these two sentences, "The most emblematic of Zi Lao's governance and personality is his articles and his wine." ”

"Cai Gao Eight Buckets", from the Wei jin allusion, Xie Lingyun said that Cao Zhi is the talent of eight buckets: "The world is only one stone, Cao Zijian alone has eight buckets, I have a bucket, from ancient times and today to share a bucket"; "Floating in the middle of the wine" is a quote from Du Fu's praise for Li Bai, "Bai is also invincible in poetry, and floating thoughts are not grouped".

Li Huarui believes that Wang Zijin has his own unique characteristics in academics: "He reads a lot and has many points of interest, and he is interested in the issues of transportation, children, gender, title, ethnicity, frontier, ecology and personality of the Qin and Han Dynasties." In particular, his vision threshold is broad, which comes from his observation of the real society, and today, whenever there are social hot spots, he can always find various clues and traces in history that can be related and compared. ”

"What kind of learning are we going to do?" The first thing is to cultivate interest and have a keen perspective. Where do these come from? From observing society, observing reality. Li Huarui often encourages students to take Wang Zijin as a model, "History is yesterday, the day before yesterday, but also today, in a different day, there are both similar focus, but also the new continuation, history researchers should be like Zi Lao, from history to discover and capture refreshing topics or problems, so that the research is unique, quite 'déjà vu swallow returns, the small garden incense path wandering alone' feeling." ”

Through an in-depth investigation of the social life of the Qin and Han Dynasties, Wang Zijin wrote a monograph on the theme of children, "The World of Children of the Qin and Han Dynasties", which enriched the understanding of the academic circles on the specific face of ancient society. For example, he noticed that the Han Dynasty often used the phenomenon of "descendants" as names, and collected 51 related Han Jingming materials, summarizing the combination of the Han Dynasty's concept of "suitable descendants" with the demands of honor, longevity, wealth, love, beauty, peace, and jile. Wang Zijin pointed out: "From this information, we can infer the aspirations of ordinary people in the Han Dynasty, and these life expectations were combined with 'Yi Descendants' to form the happiness index in social consciousness at that time." ”

Juvenile officials and evil juveniles are common contents in Han Dynasty literature, but previous studies have paid little attention to them. In "The World of Children of the Qin and Han Dynasties", Wang Zijin specifically examines the issues of youth political participation and crime in the Qin and Han Dynasties, and conducts in-depth research on these two historical phenomena that are accustomed but not taken seriously. For example, regarding the young official, the famous general Huo Fuyi of the Han Dynasty was 18 years old and was a Tianzi servant, who had distinguished himself in the war against the Xiongnu, but lacked due sympathy and love for the lower-class soldiers, and the prince now recognized Sima Qian's evaluation of Huo's illness as "few and serving, expensive, and unconscious". Although there may be some drawbacks to juvenile officials, he also found that "early contact with administrative practice may be of positive significance for tempering management ability." Many of the young officials who had such experiences later became famous rulers. Through these case studies, what the prince wants to observe today is a special phenomenon in the political life of the Han Dynasty, from the social responsibilities assumed by the young people of the Han Dynasty and the social role played by the han dynasty teenagers to detect the spiritual outlook of the people at that time, to understand the spirit of the times in the society at that time, "At the same time, it is also possible to deepen the understanding of the basis of the rule of the officials at that time, and the relevant characteristics of the traditional Chinese political form can also be more truly and vividly explained."

"Professor Zijin is very good at grasping topics, and he is also very good at examining these topics in the context of the history of the Qin and Han Dynasties." Peng Wei, a member of the Faculty of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said.

The prince's study of history began with the study of archaeology, which gave a clear mark to his academic style. "Based on archaeology, Professor Zijin has a unique advantage in the field of ancient Chinese history research. Some of his research results are based on the vision of archaeology, the methods of archaeology, and the interpretation and application of archaeological data. Sun Jiazhou commented.

Unearthed in Changsha, it is a group of cultural relics dating from the Warring States to the Three Kingdoms period, and the texts contained in them contain rich historical and cultural information. In 2017, Wang Zijin published a monograph "Changsha Jianmu Research", which is a masterpiece of his archaeology to study history. For example, the article "Written Materials and Sika Deer Specimens Unearthed from mawangdui No. 1 Han Tomb" collected in the book starts from the signs and texts about "deer" unearthed from Mawangdui No. 1 Han Tomb, and then discusses the skeletal specimens of sika deer, and then further makes a more in-depth study of the deer's living habits, the customs of deer hunting in the Han Dynasty, and the changes in the distribution area of sika deer, which can be regarded as a typical case of ecological history investigation.

"This paper is really small and big, and the thinking is broad. To tell the truth, I have been sorting out and studying Jian Shu at the Hunan Provincial Museum for more than ten years, and I am quite familiar with these pieces of Jian Mu materials he discussed, but I never thought that I could carry out such in-depth research. Chen Songchang, a professor at Yuelu College of Hunan University, said, "Professor Zijin is good at starting from seemingly small problems and studying conclusions with great depth and breadth." ”

The prince is now a generous and humorous man, which is also reflected in his learning. More than 20 years ago, he wrote an article titled "Cui Jia's Douban Sauce - It's Not Easy to Translate", which talked about the errors that are easy to make when translating ancient Chinese documents into foreign languages into Chinese, and corrected the mistakes in the translation of several more influential academic translations. In 2021, he also published "On the "Immortal Prince Jin" - The Chinese Translation of "Ancient Chinese Words" of Overseas Sinology Treatises", which mentioned that a translation of the ancient "Prince Jin" was mistaken for "Prince Jin". The prince of the present generation writes "the prince of the ancients today", and it is unbearable to read it.

This kind of debatable and critical article is difficult to grasp the scale of discourse. In terms of effect, the technical treatment of the term is almost as important as the critic's motivation. Once it is not handled properly, it is easy to form a dispute between the critic and the criticized, resulting in a negative impact that runs counter to the original intention of academic criticism. Professor Zijin's cleverness is that the tone of the text is calm, and the respect for the original translator runs through the whole text. I think that many readers and the original translator who pointed out the mistakes made by Professor Quilt Ima can feel his goodwill and kindness as a critic. Sun Jiazhou said.

"Professor Zijin has made achievements in many aspects. This achievement is not a simple monograph, and reading his works carefully, there is always a feeling of strength and heaviness, which is very weighty. Zhao Kai, secretary general of the China Qin and Han History Research Association, likened Wang Zijin's style of governance to "Guan Gong Dancing Knife", "I am honored to work part-time in the China Qin and Han History Research Association for many years, and I have more opportunities to ask Professor Zijin for help, 'from the elderly tour'." His learning was as thick and powerful as the Green Dragon Crescent Moon Knife in Guan Gong's hand, and he danced the sword, calmly and flexibly, and easily controlled historical research. ”

"Placing the study of Qin and Han history in the broader vision of the entire ancient history"

After a long period of accumulation in the pre-Qin period, Chinese history entered the Qin and Han dynasties. From the unification of Qin Shi Huang to the Cao Pi Dynasty Han Dynasty, the most significant historical markers in the process of civilization in the past four and a half centuries are the establishment of the empire and the prosperity of Han culture. Wang Zijin was deeply immersed in this history, and regarded the history of Transportation in the Qin and Han Dynasties as the key research area of his deep cultivation.

Since 1981, when he began his master's thesis "On Land Transport in the Qin and Han Dynasties", The Prince has been studying the history of the Qin and Han Dynasties for more than 40 years. Speaking of Wang Zijin's academic achievements, Sun Jiazhou deeply admires his tenacity to insist on Qingshan and not relax: "Around the topic of Qin and Han transportation history, he has invested more than 40 years of time and energy to continuously launch so many high-quality academic treatises, directly driving the formation of one academic hotspot after another - such an academic landscape and academic energy, which is really rare in today's historical circles." ”

Examining the political activities of the Qin and Han dynasties and their subsequent political achievements, we cannot ignore the ancient traffic conditions.

In the 1980s and 1990s, the prince and his friends now visited the southern section of the Qinzhi Road on foot several times, and conducted field investigations of the ruins of Wuguan Road, the ruins of Wuluo Road, and the ruins of the northern section of Qinling on meridian road in a variety of transportation modes.

In April 1984, Prince Jin relied on a bicycle to visit Wuguan Road from Xi'an to Shangnan. This ancient road of the Qin, Han, Wei and Jin dynasties, also known as the Shangshan Road, was the main traffic route from ancient Chang'an to Nanyang, Dengzhou, Jingxiang, and even Jiangnan and Lingnan through Lantian and Shangzhou, and Bai Juyi wrote in the poem "Climbing the Highest Peak of Shangshan Mountain": "High on the top of this mountain, looking at the smoke and clouds. There is a road under it, leading to Chu and Qin. "At that time, Liu Bang entered the customs from then on.

Subsequently, Prince Jin and his friends visited the Luo Road, which was another post road from Chang'an to Hanzhong and Sichuan via Qinling. Later, they also inspected the Chunhua to Huangling section of the Qin Shi Huang Straight Road on foot. "The Qin Shi Huang Straight Road, which leads from the great wall defense line in the north to the administrative center of Guanzhong, is the highest level of engineering relics and can be seen as a memorial of Qin Zheng." Prince Jin said.

The expedition was arduous. The scorching sun is hot and sweaty, mosquitoes and flies are still fresh in their memories after many years.

"Yesterday I looked at the mugwort shop, and now I am in Xinglongguan." Ma Wan Hungry Place, eighteen years apart. These poems written by Zhang Zaiming, a researcher at the Shaanxi Archaeological Research Institute, are a recollection of the august 1990 inspection of Qin Zhidao with Wang Zijin and others, "Mawan Hungry Rice" said that because there was no food to eat, they and their group had begged for food at the Heimawan Forestry Station. Based on the results of these investigations, Wang Zijin and his friends co-authored articles such as "Briefing on the Investigation of the Ruins of the Ancient Wuguan Road Trail", "The Ruins of Danfeng Shangyi in Shaanxi", and "The Brief Report on the Survey of the Ruins of the North Section of the Meridian Road qinling", which were published in "Archaeology and Cultural Relics", "Archaeology", "Wenbo" and other publications. Wang Zijin also wrote "New Knowledge of Qin and Han Traffic History", "Qin and Han Traffic Archaeology", "Warring States Qin and Han Traffic Pattern and Regional Administration", "Qin Shi Huang Straight Road Investigation and Research", "Zhiche Longma: Qin and Han Traffic Culture Investigation" and other treatises.

Wang Zijin's "Draft History of Qin and Han Traffic" is the first authoritative work to comprehensively examine the history of Qin and Han transportation. Historians believe that his research not only exhausts and thoroughly eats through the vast and scattered documents, but also attaches great importance to the excavation and utilization of archaeological materials, and has done a lot of field investigations, which makes his research on the history of Transportation in the Qin and Han Dynasties surpass his predecessors and stand out.

In 1994, as a research result funded by the National Social Science Foundation, the Draft History of Qin and Han Transportation was published by the Party School of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China Publishing House. In 2013, Chinese University Press published an updated edition. In 2020, after being updated again, this book was included in the "Social Science Literature Academic Library" and launched by the Social Science Literature Publishing House.

"An academic monograph with the same title, launched by three publishing houses within 26 years, is rare in the history of scholarship and publishing. Moreover, the three versions are very different, the latecomers have gained a lot, and the structure of the chapter has been adjusted and improved. It can be said that the three versions are inherited before and after, but instead of simply eating the old ones, there are constantly new in-depth and expansions in the study of the same problem. Sun Jiazhou commented.

While focusing on the history of transportation in the Qin and Han Dynasties, Wang Zijin is also constantly opening up new fields of cultivation. In recent years, his academic garden can be described as a hundred flowers competing, such as the "Study of Qin and Han Titles", "Examination of Famous Objects of Qin and Han", and "Illustrated History of Children of Qin and Han", which study the ideological and cultural history of Qin and Han, "Research on the Social Consciousness of Qin and Han", "Cultural Excavation of Historical Records", "Sleeping Tiger Land Qin Jian "Rishu" A Kind of Evidence, "Draft of Qin and Han Salt History" and "History of Qin and Han Transportation", "Study of the History of Qin and Han Ethnic Minorities" and "Study of xiongnu management of the Western Regions" and "Qin and Han Frontiers and Ethnic Issues" that study the history of Qin and Han ethnic minorities and the history of Qin and Han frontiers.

"His works are many, more than ordinary people. With so many monographs, it is difficult for us to write them even if we type them. To use a word to describe Teacher Wang's academic path, that is, 'wind and clouds', the speed of writing is particularly fast, and grasping a topic will leave a lot of academic articles. Zhao Kai said.

"Professor Zijin placed the study of Qin and Han history in the broad field of the entire ancient history, not only connecting the top and bottom, but also opening up the relationship between politics, economy and culture, covering a wide range of topics." Li Huarui said, "He always has a greater historical perspective, not to look at the history of Qin and Han in terms of the history of Qin and Han. In our exchanges, he would often ask me some questions about the history of Song. He did not suddenly become interested in asking questions, but from the history of the Qin and Han Dynasties, observed these questions to see how the Sui, Tang, and Song dynasties developed, or cared about how the Sui, Tang, and Song people viewed the history of the Qin and Han dynasties. ”

Prince Jin once wrote an article entitled "The King of Qin Sweeps Liuhe, the Tiger Looks at He Xiongya--On the Unification Work of Qin Shi Huang's Yingzheng". "The title of this long article comes from Li Bai's poem 'The King of Qin sweeps liuhe, and the tiger looks at He Xiongya!' Wielding a sword to break through the clouds, the princes will come to the west', I think the spirit expressed in the poems is also in line with Professor Zijin's style of governance. Zhao Kai said, "From a long-term point of view, Professor Zijin is not replicable, according to his path to do learning, we can't do it." Because we don't have his physique, we don't have his amount of alcohol, and we don't have his experience. ”

"His study was named 'Sweat Room', which not only revealed that he had been a young man and stevedore who had done a lot of physical work, but also expressed his heart to continue to work hard. In the recently published book "Sweat room reading essays", he emphasized that to do learning should pay sweat and be down-to-earth. Sun Jiazhou said.

Scholars familiar with the prince now know that his diligence in learning is also beyond ordinary people.

Going out to participate in academic activities, the prince's schedule is different: at the end of the day's activities, others have fallen asleep peacefully, but he starts writing and goes to bed very late. The next morning, he got up very early again, because he had the habit of not eating breakfast, he used the breakfast time to continue to lie in front of the computer to hook the sunk and the fountain of wensi.

In April 2013, Sun Jiazhou and Wang Zijin went to Russia to participate in a study tour. In order to save as much money as possible, the two of them shared the same room. Sun Jiazhou recorded the scene at that time in his diary:

"At half past six in the morning, I woke up naturally. Brother Zijin woke up earlier than I did. He was afraid of affecting my rest and stayed in bed. Seeing me wake up, greet each other, and after a little greeting, he starts writing. I also turned on my computer and started recording this life. Before entering the working state, I also took a picture of Zijin's brother. A photo of his work in a half-naked state, maybe I was the only photographer. His talent and diligence make me admire! ”

"From ancient times to the present, the perspective of historical research is actually two kinds: one is the study of arbitrariness, that is, historical theory; One is the merit of Kauso, that is, the study of historical materials. To say a thousand ways and ten thousand, it comes down to the credibility of the study of historical materials. Li Huarui said that The prince's current learning is partial to the truth of examining the facts of history, he does not like the sea and the sky, even if the speech at the academic conference is to the point, do not make a long speech, which is consistent with his style of governing history - do more and say less.

Peng Wei believes that Wang Zi's academic journey today coincides with the country's reform and opening up, with the unique spiritual temperament of historical research in this era, "The history of our time, in terms of theory and methodology, has broken the shackles of concepts that do not conform to the law of academic survival and development, and let the theories and methods full of innovative spirit guide the continuous progress of research work; In the field of research, the long-neglected social history and cultural history have been comprehensively revived, and some new research topics such as environmental history, disaster history, disease history, gender history, and child history have entered the field of researchers; In terms of research materials, a large number of newly published materials provide a solid foundation for research work, especially in ancient times, when data are relatively scarce. Professor Zijin's academic achievements and contributions are a vivid epitome and typical representative of the vigorous development of Chinese historical research over the past 40 years. ”

"The regent is not strong in the old age, who pities Cen Lonely Lying in the House." The moss is uninhabited, and the green leaves are shaded and cool. Yuyu Qingfeng came far away, and the Immortal Family was quiet and long. But looking at the Nine Qu chariots and horsemen, the natural face is easy to be green. For Ouyang Xiu's poem "Jingling Palace Zhi Zhai", the prince now has a bit of the same feeling: "After the years are too rare, I gradually feel that I can't do my best, and I feel that the time is not waiting, I only seek a clear and quiet realm, read calmly, think calmly, and do what I can." ”

Guangming Daily (2022-08-15, 11th edition)

Source: Guangming Network - Guangming Daily

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