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Patch a knife: Why did this assassination shake the world?

author:World Wide Web

Source: Patch One Knife

Writer / Little Tiger Knife & Broken Water Knife & Nine Lives Knife

On Friday, an assassination shook the world.

Biden said he was "shocked and saddened" and "we join all Americans and people around the world in praying for his health and recovery."

U.N. Secretary-General António Guterres said he was "shocked" by the attack and that "the response to the language was by no means violent."

Macron said, "His struggle is our struggle, it is universal" and "I stand with him today more than ever".

"I was shocked by the stabbing he was stabbed while exercising a right (freedom of speech) that we should never stop defending," Johnson said.

He, an Indian-British writer Salman Rushdie, was hunted down and killed by former Iranian religious leader Khomeini in 1989 for publishing his novel Satanic Psalms in 1989. Although Khomeini is dead, the killing order has never been revoked.

After 33 years, a 24-year-old man assassinated him.

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On Aug. 12, Rushdie, 75, gave a lecture at Shotoqua College in southwestErn New York State to an audience of about 2,500 people.

Just as Rushdie was on stage and the host introduced him, a man dressed in black rushed to the podium, yelled at Rushdie, and attacked him with a sharp knife, rushing to the hospital and undergoing surgery.

Patch a knife: Why did this assassination shake the world?

Rushdie's agent, Andrew Wylie, said Rushdie had stabbed him in the liver and arm, severed several nerves in his arm, and that one eye could have gone blind and at one point had to rely on respirators to sustain himself.

The suspect was subdued and arrested by the police on the spot.

At the time of the attack, there happened to be an Associated Press reporter at the lecture site. According to the reporter's observations at the scene, the suspect waved or stabbed Rushdie 10 to 15 times with a knife, and Rushdie was pushed down or fell to the ground. The entire attack lasted about 20 seconds.

Martin Haskell, a doctor who stepped forward to help rescue Rushdie, described Rushdie's injuries as "serious but healing".

The chairwoman of the lecture, Henry Reese, was also attacked on the podium by the suspects and was wounded in the face. However, due to his minor injuries, he has been discharged from the hospital after receiving treatment.

At present, after treatment, Rushdie has removed her respirator and can talk and joke.

Born in Mumbai, India, Salman Rushdie immigrated to England at the age of 14 and graduated from King's College, Cambridge. At Cambridge, he did not study economics at his father's request, but chose history.

In 1975, at the age of 26, Rushdie published his first novel, and since then he has written a total of 11 novels of fiction, known for his style of magic realism and narrative writing that spans East and West.

Of all his works, the Midnight Child and the Satanic Psalms are the most striking.

Midnight's Child is Rushdie's second book, for which he won the Booker Prize in 1981. The Booker Prize, which is the equivalent of the Nobel Prize in English literature, was awarded to Rushdie and proved his writing prowess.

If "Midnight Child" brought Rushdie glory, then "Satan's Psalms" brought him "painful visibility."

The Satanic Psalms are Rushdie's fourth novel, and are said to have been inspired by the life of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Once published in 1988, it received industry acclaim and was shortlisted for that year's Booker Prize.

But in Islamic countries, the Satanic Psalms have sparked controversy, with many Muslims accusing it of fabricating part of Muhammad's life and desecrating the Prophet of Islam.

In 1989, about six months after the book was published, Iran's supreme leader, Khomeini, issued a directive to hunt down Rushdi and set up a $3 million bounty for the task of hunting down Rushdi.

Iran is not the only country that has banned the publication of the book, India, Bangladesh, Sudan, Sri Lanka and other countries have listed the book as banned.

The flames of Muslim protest against the book not only threaten Rushdie, but also those associated with the book.

In 1991, Igarashi, a Japanese translator of satanic psalms, was stabbed to death and his body was found in the stairwell of the University of Tsukuba. In the same year, the Italian translator Torre Capriolo was seriously injured. In 1993, the Turkish translator Ajiz Nesin was set on fire by a mob at a hotel in Turkey, including 37 of his deaths. That same year, the novel's Norwegian publisher, William Nygard, was shot three times outside his home and seriously injured.

At the time, Rushdie, who lived in London, went into hiding under 24-hour protection from British police, moving from one place to another every three days. In Rushdie's own words, he needs to "keep looking for the next place to stay".

Later, the British offered him a safe house. For the next decade, Rushdie lived in this safe house. He lives every day with four armed men, two protection officers and two drivers.

It wasn't until 1998 that Iran's then-president, Mohammed Khatami, said Iran no longer supported the killings. Rushdie dared to come out and start attending book events or parties in public.

But that doesn't mean the order to hunt him down doesn't exist. In fact, for 33 years, from 1989 to the present, Khomeini's directive and the bounty that accompanied it were in effect. Around 2000, Rushdie moved to the United States to live in New York City, still living in the shadow of the hunting order.

However, it was clear that Rushdie was reluctant to let this directive affect his normal life and literary exchange activities.

Last year, when Rushdie was asked in an interview about the threat of the killing order, he simply replied, "Oh, I have to live my life." ”

That's why Last Friday Rushdie attended her usual lecture at Shotoqua College.

Located in the southwest corner of New York, Shotoqua College is an "idyllic, gated community" that hosts nine weeks of art and literature programs each year in a "relaxed, joyful" atmosphere.

But this atmosphere did not continue as usual.

Patch a knife: Why did this assassination shake the world?

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Prosecutor Schmidt pointed out that the suspect carried a forged identity document, took a bus to the lecture site in advance, and purchased admission tickets, which showed that the operation was "planned" and "targeted".

Who was this man who carried out the "targeted, unprovoked, pre-planned attack" on Salman Rushdie? And why assassinate Rushdie?

According to the details that have been released, the suspect is a 24-year-old man named Hadi Matar, born in California, usa, who recently moved to New Jersey.

Patch a knife: Why did this assassination shake the world?

In this way, Matar was born about a decade after the publication of the Satanic Psalms.

His parents were immigrants from a border village in southern Lebanon. In this village, the banner of the Islamic Shiite radical group Allah Party, as well as portraits of the group's leaders, can be seen everywhere.

According to media reports, hadi Matar's assassination was premeditated. Using forged identification documents, he went to Rushdie's lecture site a day early to "step on the spot" and buy tickets.

Patch a knife: Why did this assassination shake the world?

In addition, the manager of a boxing club that Hardy Matar frequents also claimed that Matar had emailed a few days ago saying that he wanted to "cancel his membership" because "it won't be here for a while."

This seemed to be a precursor to his actions.

According to witnesses, he was wearing a black coat and a black mask. Immediately after stabbing Rushdie, he was arrested and detained by the police. On the 13th, he was charged by the US police on two counts of attempted second-degree murder and second-degree assault. Under New York state law, if convicted, they face up to 25 years in prison.

After the assassination, Hadi Matar's Facebook account was found, and the page was clearly lined with pictures of Shiite leader Ayatollah Khomeini and his successor, Ayatollah Khamenei.

Patch a knife: Why did this assassination shake the world?

You know, it was Khomeini who issued a hunting order against Rushdie to Muslims around the world in 1989.

Both Matar's portrait and published remarks suggest he may support Shiite extremism. Beyond that, while there is no definitive evidence, foreign social media has generally linked his killings to extremist groups.

However, Allah party said it had no information about the assassination and would not comment on it.

But now, Hardy Matar's account has been deleted by Facebook. As for the younger suspect's background, it is still in the fog.

Hadi Matar seems to have been planning the assassination for a long time, but those who know him evaluate him at odds with the impression of the prisoners in the assassination.

The gym owner who Hartie Matar frequents said he did not see that Hadi Matal had "violent tendencies" and instead described him as "polite" and "quiet", saying that he always looked "very sad" and refused to associate with other people.

The boss's recollection is rather literary: "He was like this every time he came in, and it looked like it was the worst day of his life." ”

Hadi Matar pleaded not guilty and was remanded in remand. U.S. authorities are also investigating how the defendants planned the attack on Rushdie and related preparations to decide whether to add more charges to the defendants.

U.S. police said they were unsure if Hadi Matar had a criminal record.

A backpack left by Hadi Matar at the scene is said to have been protected by the police bomb disposal team, the details of which have not yet been released.

Hardy Matar's public defender said after hearing on the 13th that Matar had been in public communication with him and that he would try to get inside the client in the coming weeks to see if he had psychological or addiction issues.

The "full face" of the assassination may have been revealed at that time.

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The assassination shook the world, but it also quickly split the field of public opinion because of the complex religious factors behind it.

While public figures such as the global literary scene expressed shock and indignation, many netizens on Twitter celebrated the assassination, and conservative scholar Kiwan Saidy said on Twitter, "This is worth congratulating, let's celebrate that Rushdie will soon go to hell." ”

At the same time, new death threats were received.

Harry Potter author J. Commenting on salman Rushdie's attack in New York, K Rowling expressed support and sympathy for Rushdie.

But soon, she also received death threats.

Rowling shared a screenshot of a message sent by a user on Twitter. The user wrote "Don't worry, you're next" in response to Rowling's support for Rushdie.

Patch a knife: Why did this assassination shake the world?

The twitter username that issued the threat is Meer Asif Aziz. He expressed support on Twitter for Hadi Matal, who attacked Rushdie.

Rowling said publicly that after she reported the threat she had received to Twitter, Twitter responded that the user had not violated the rules.

Patch a knife: Why did this assassination shake the world?

A netizen on Twitter left a message saying that such an assassination may only be the beginning of opening Pandora's box.

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