laitimes

Australia: It was once a continent of "whoever goes and who hates", specializing in the exile of prisoners

author:Read the girl's little history

Australia is a magical country, both today and in history.

For example, it is the only country in the world that covers the entire continent, so it is also called "Australia".

Another example is its rich species, like a natural zoo, where the animals are like "hormone-eating" grown up, not only fat, but also strong.

Australia: It was once a continent of "whoever goes and who hates", specializing in the exile of prisoners

kangaroo

If northerners would be alarmed when they saw flying cockroaches in the south, southerners might faint when they saw cockroaches in Australia.

Australia also always has some shocking news, such as fighting with the invading hare for hundreds of years, calling on locals to eat more flooded kangaroo meat, or a fire that burned for seven months, even koalas that had been stable by "artificial sterilization" a few years ago were also burned into "endangered" animals by this fire, not to mention the destruction of the ecological environment.

Australia: It was once a continent of "whoever goes and who hates", specializing in the exile of prisoners

The labeling of the breeding of rabbits is prohibited

Of course, the magic of Australia is not only in recent years, its discovery history is very peculiar, in short, it is an unknown continent that "whoever comes and everyone abandons".

At that time, the outstanding young Aristotle, who combined many disciplines, put forward the idea of "unknown southern continent", and after the further expansion of Ptolemy, people began to think that there was an unknown continent near the Indian Ocean, but it was never found.

Spain: I looked for it, but I just couldn't find it

As we all know, although Portugal and Spain have a "tooth" on their names, the historical relations between the two countries are not harmonious, and Portugal, which has been recognized as an independent country by Spain for more than three hundred years, has been working hard to make itself stronger, and the kung fu pays off, Portugal eventually became a pivotal role in the era of great navigation, running all over the world to do business.

Australia: It was once a continent of "whoever goes and who hates", specializing in the exile of prisoners

But Spain is not a vegetarian, and has been following Portugal to grab business, bumping into each other.

It was not until 1494, when Pope Alexander VI himself mediated the entanglement between the two countries, dividing the known world into two sides, with Portugal doing business in the east and Spain in the west, that they were born.

But to be honest, Portugal is still taking advantage, after all, the American continent under Spain's division, just found out, is not as good as Portugal's Southeast Asian business.

Immediately after, Magellan, who served Spain, ran west with his men, bypassing the Americas and coming to the Pacific Ocean.

Australia: It was once a continent of "whoever goes and who hates", specializing in the exile of prisoners

Magellan

The earth is round, this Magellan walked, to the Spice Islands of Molucca, and the Portuguese made a face.

The Spice Islands were Portuguese territory, but Spain came and could not go empty-handed, so the two quarreled again, not knowing that not far to the south, there was a new island, which was the unknown continent in people's mouths at that time.

After reconciling, Portugal gave Spain a sum of money, bought out the jurisdiction of the Spice Islands, and Spain took the money and obediently turned back to the Americas.

At this time, the Spaniards, remembering the "unknown southern continent", decided to go out again to try their luck, in case they found it, they would make a lot of money, after all, at that time, whoever found it would be whoever found it.

Australia: It was once a continent of "whoever goes and who hates", specializing in the exile of prisoners

Successive expeditions from the Americas, drifting at sea, don't you say, there was an explorer named Alvaro who found next to Australia.

In 1567, Alvaro led his party across the Pacific Ocean to wander around the Portuguese Spice Islands again, nominally looking for an unknown continent, but in reality looking for a new spice source.

So they found the Solomon Islands, to the west of the Solomon Islands is New Guinea, and to the south of New Guinea is Australia.

Unfortunately, Alvaro, who went to the Solomon Islands for the second time in 1595, forgot the location of the Solomon Islands...

After all, the Spaniards did not want to find any "unknown southern continent", they had no interest in Australia, but only wanted to find a spice source to make money.

Australia: It was once a continent of "whoever goes and who hates", specializing in the exile of prisoners

Netherlands: I'm not interested in it either

Speaking of the Netherlands, and Spain also do not deal with, coupled with the strength does not allow, in the early years has been Spain to beat the head.

No, the Netherlands also tried hard to make itself stronger, slowly saved money to buy equipment, and when Spain found stubble again, it was fattened.

After that, the Netherlands drove its own armed merchant ships, doing business in and out of the Spice Islands, and after having money, it did not forget to find some fun for itself, and often ventured out to sea.

In this way, the Dutch arrived at the strait between New Guinea and Australia, and were preparing to disembark to replenish the supplies, but the indigenous people killed 9 crew members, which frightened the Dutch crew to run away from the ship and did not return.

Australia: It was once a continent of "whoever goes and who hates", specializing in the exile of prisoners

Australia's cute short-tailed dwarf kangaroo

In March of the same year, William Jens' Duyvgen officially landed in Australia and named it "New Holland".

Ten years later, another Dutch captain named Dirk Hatog landed in Australia and walked around.

In fact, there were many Dutch merchant ships that reached the coast of Australia over the decades, but no one ever stopped because they had no interest in the island, which was far from the route of the spice business.

It's okay to go out and explore once in a while.

British: You don't want any? I'm going to!

The Dutch are rich and rich, and they are not ready to look back and take another look at the land of Australia when they write "Visit Here".

Then the British came again.

Australia: It was once a continent of "whoever goes and who hates", specializing in the exile of prisoners

William

In 1688, an English pirate named William Dampier fled to Melville Island near Australia.

10 years later, he was back in Shark Bay on Australia's west coast.

Dampier wrote in his voyage diary:

"Aside from the pleasure of exploring, the coast of New Holland doesn't appeal to me. In addition, the most barren places on Earth must also be explored. ”

Yes, this pirate also dislikes it.

William Dampier wandered the West Coast for more than four months, tired, tired, and returned home.

Australia: It was once a continent of "whoever goes and who hates", specializing in the exile of prisoners

Cook

After more than seventy years, Australia, in the name of "New Holland", drifted alone on the sea, quite a bit of the world is drunk and awake, after all, the world is lively, only "New Netherlands" is not cared about.

In 1770, Captain James Cook made his first landings from the east coast of Australia.

The east coast was so different from the west coast that it was full of life, so it was named "New South Wales" and declared that it belonged to Britain.

But the British used it as a penal colony for criminals...

On 18 January 1788, a convoy of 1530 men, led by Captain Arthur Philip of England, arrived in Botanical Bay, Australia, escorting 736 prisoners, and eight days later they established a penal colony here, becoming the first British colonial district.

Australia: It was once a continent of "whoever goes and who hates", specializing in the exile of prisoners

After a long period of development, it has evolved into today's largest city in Australia - Sydney.

Looking at Australia, which is now economically developed, no one can imagine that it was originally a land that everyone hated.

Read on