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Gac's Announcement No. 68 of 2022 丨 Announcement on Phytosanitary Requirements for the Export of Fresh Pears from China to Ecuador

author:12360 Customs Hotline

The official website of the General Administration of Customs published the Announcement No. 68 of 2022 of the General Administration of Customs (Announcement on the Phytosanitary Requirements for the Export of Fresh Pears from China to Ecuador), and the following is the content of the announcement:

No. 68 of 2022

In accordance with the relevant laws and regulations of the Mainland and the Protocol between the General Administration of Customs of the People's Republic of China and the Plant and Animal Health Regulation And Administration of the Republic of Ecuador on the Phytosanitary Requirements for the Export of Fresh Pears from China to Ecuador, from now on, Chinese fresh pears that meet the following relevant requirements are allowed to be exported to Ecuador:

1. Basis for inspection and quarantine

(1) The Law of the People's Republic of China on the Quarantine of Animals and Plants Entering and Leaving china and the Regulations on the Implementation of the Law of the People's Republic of China on the Quarantine of Animals and Plants Entering and Leaving the Country;

(2) The Food Safety Law of the People's Republic of China and the Regulations for the Implementation of the Food Safety Law of the People's Republic of China;

(3) Measures for the Supervision and Administration of Inspection and Quarantine of Exported Fruits;

(4) Protocol between the General Administration of Customs of the People's Republic of China and the Bureau of Plant and Animal Health Regulation of the Republic of Ecuador on Phytosanitary Requirements for the Export of Fresh Pears from China to Ecuador.

2. Allowed export of commodity names

Fresh pears, including sand pear Pyrus pyrifolia, white pear Pyrus bretschneideri, pear Pyrus sinkiangensis and its hybrids, the English name Pear.

3. Approved orchards and packaging plants

Orchards and packing plants for the export of fresh pears are registered by the General Administration of Customs of the People's Republic of China (hereinafter referred to as "GACC") and approved by the Plant and Animal Health Regulatory Authority of the Republic of Ecuador (hereinafter referred to as "AGROCALIDAD"). Registration information includes name, address and identification code to accurately trace the origin of the exported fruit if it does not comply with the relevant provisions of this quarantine requirement. The registration list must be provided to AGROCALIDAD by GACC before the export season of each year, and approved after evaluation by the latter.

4. Quarantine pests of concern to the Eritrean side

1. Panonychus ulmi of the elm full claw mite

2. Pear gluttonous carnivorous Acrobasis pyrivorella

3. Cotton brown ribbon leaf curl moth Adoxophyes orana

4. Pear yellow powder aphid Aphanostigma iakusuiense

5. Orange small fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis

6. Chinese pear fungus Cacopsylla chinensis

7. Peach small heartworm Carposina sasakii

8. Peach borer Conogethes punctiferalis

9. Cydia inopinata (synonym: Grapholita inopinata)

10. Pear Kasa round shield Diaspidiotus perniciosus

11. Pear small heartworm Grapholita molesta

12. Elm shield worm Lepidosaphes ulmi

13. Pandemis heparana

14. Kon's powdery beetle Pseudococcus comstocki

15. Peach white curl moth Spilonota albicana

16. Apple anthrax Colletrichum fructicola

17. Pear black star disease Bacteria Venturia nashicola

5. Pre-export requirements

(1) Orchard management.

1. All export orchards are required to implement Good Agricultural Practices to ensure traceability of the production process.

2. Export orchards must maintain the sanitary conditions of the orchards, remove rotten fruits at the time of harvest, and implement integrated pest control, including pest monitoring, chemical or biological control and agricultural operations.

3. The monitoring and control of pests in export orchards shall be carried out under the guidance of technical personnel with phytosanitary knowledge, and the Chinese Customs shall supervise the above work.

4. Export orchards must keep records of pest monitoring and control and provide them to AGROCALIDAD upon request by GACC. The control record must include details such as the name, active ingredient, date of use and concentration of the chemical used during the growing season.

(2) The Eritrean side is concerned about the prevention and control measures of quarantine pests.

1. Target orange small fruit fly

(1) Fresh pears from non-epidemic areas of orange small fruit fly

AGROCALIDAD recognizes gaccity as a non-endemic area of the orange fruit fly established by GACC in the area north of 33 degrees north latitude in China (established and maintained in accordance with the relevant requirements of the International Standard for Phytosanitary Measures No. 26 (ISPM 26)). If orange flies are found, non-infected areas will be suspended. GACC is required to notify AGROCALIDAD within 48 hours and immediately activate the National Emergency Action Plan. Non-endemic status can only be restored when the fruit fly has been eradicated and AGROCALIDAD is recognized. Accreditation and approval from non-affected areas will be assessed by experts sent by AGROCALIDAD.

(2) Fresh pears from orange small fruit fly epidemic areas

Fresh pears from orange-sized fruit fly-infested areas must be treated cold. The cold treatment index requirements are: 1.38 °C (fruit core temperature) or below, continuous treatment for 18 days or more.

Cold treatment shall be carried out before the arrival of fresh pears in Ecuador under the supervision of authorized personnel of the PRC Customs and in accordance with the pre-export cold treatment operating procedures (see Annex 1) or the cold treatment operating procedures during export transport (see Annex 2).

2. Other borer pests

Fresh pears exported to Ecuador require corresponding measures against borer pests (pear heartworm, peach heartworm, peach borer borer, apple heartworm, pear heartworm and peach white curl moth):

(1) Bagging

For sand pears, white pears and their hybrids, bagging management must be carried out in the growing season according to the requirements, and the standard operating procedures for bagging and de-bagging are as follows:

spray appropriate insecticides and fungicides before bagging;

b. Use bags approved by China Customs;

c. Bagging young fruits (fruit diameter does not exceed 2.5cm);

d. Do not damage the fruit and bag during the bagging process;

e. Remove the bag after entering the packing plant;

f. If a fruit bag is found to be damaged before packaging, it is removed immediately, and the fruit that is rejected cannot be exported to Ecuador.

(2) Field monitoring

For fragrant pears, export orchards should monitor borer moth pests under The supervision of Chinese Customs. Technicians used "X" shaped routes to investigate the orchard, focusing on whether the fruit surface and branches were harmful. Monitoring is carried out every 15 days from the beginning of the flowering period to the end of the harvest season. Export orchards shall keep records of all pest monitoring and control and shall be provided by GACC to AGROCALIDAD upon request.

3. Other quarantine pests

If other quarantine pests of concern to the Eritrean side are detected, the GACC shall immediately notify AGROCALIDAD and take the necessary quarantine measures to ensure that the fresh pears exported to Ecuador are free of these quarantine pests.

(3) Packaging plant management.

1. The processing, packaging, storage and shipment of exported fresh pears shall be carried out under the guidance and supervision of China Customs.

2. Fresh pear packaging and storage areas should be equipped with double doors, air curtains, rubber curtains or insect nets to prevent live pests. Packaging plants need to have good hygiene and measures to prevent pest re-infection.

3. Before processing, fresh pears must be manually selected to remove dented, raised or suspected diseased and insect fruits, and use air guns to purge and wash the stalks and calyxes of fresh pears to avoid carrying insects, mites, fungi, rotten fruits, branches, roots and soil. For the export of fragrant pears, it is also necessary to increase the washing link.

4. Packaged pears should be stored immediately and stored separately from goods exported to other markets.

5. If the packaging plant does not meet the requirements of this plant quarantine, the Chinese customs shall immediately take corrective measures, if necessary, will suspend the export qualification of the relevant packaging plant, and immediately notify AGROCALIDAD. After the Chinese customs supervision and confirmation of the effective rectification measures, the export qualification can be re-obtained.

(4) Packaging and transportation requirements.

1. The packaging materials for exporting fresh pears should be clean and hygienic and unused.

2. Each box must indicate in English the name of the fruit, the country of export, the production area, the name of the orchard and the packaging plant or the registration number. Each pallet and box must be marked "Exported to Republic of Ecuador" in Spanish or English.

3. If wood packaging is used, it must comply with the provisions of ist+15 of the International Standard for Phytosanitary Measures.

4. Containers loaded with fresh pears for export must be checked for good sanitary conditions before packing, without quarantine pests, foliage and soil of concern to the Eritrean side.

(5) Inspection and quarantine before export.

1. Before leaving the country, the exported fresh pears must be inspected in the packaging plant.

2. In the first two years after the start of trade, Chinese customs officers will quarantine each batch of fresh pear samples in accordance with the proportion of 2%, and at least 5% of the samples (not less than 10) will be cut and inspected to ensure that no harmful organisms are carried, especially borer pests. If no phytosanitary problems occur within two years, the sampling rate can be reduced to 1%.

3. If orange fly is found to be alive, the goods need to be effectively quarantined and deficient (such as cold treatment), otherwise the entire batch of goods must not be exported to Ecuador. If the above fresh pears come from non-epidemic areas, the status of non-epidemic areas will be suspended immediately, the causes will be investigated and effective preventive measures will be taken. Non-endemic status can only be restored when the fruit fly has been eradicated and AGROCALIDAD is recognized.

4. If any other live quarantine pests of concern to the Eritreans are found, or any live pests that cannot be identified to the level of the species or whose quarantine status cannot be determined, the entire shipment shall be subject to effective quarantine treatment before being exported to Ecuador. GACC should identify the causes and take effective preventive measures. At the same time, a record of the examination is kept, which is provided to AGROCALIDAD upon request.

(6) Requirements for phytosanitary certificates.

1. After passing the quarantine, China Customs will issue a phytosanitary certificate with the additional statement column stating: "This consignment of fresh pear fruits complies with the requirements specified in the Protocol of Phytosanitary Pequirements for Export of Pear Fruits." from China to Ecuador, and is free of any quarentine pests of concern for Ecuador.” (The shipment complies with the protocol on phytosanitary requirements for the export of fresh pears from China to Ecuador and does not carry quarantine pests of concern to the Eritrean side.) )

2. For goods from orange small fruit fly-endemic areas that need to be cold treated before export, the treatment temperature, duration, name or number of the treatment facility and other information should be indicated on the phytosanitary certificate. For those who carry out cold treatment during transportation, the phytosanitary certificate should be marked in English as "Cold treatment in transit", as well as the temperature of cold treatment, treatment time, container number and sealing number.

6. Entry quarantine and unqualified treatment

(1) Ports of entry.

The ports of entry for Chinese pears are all Ports and Airports of Ecuador (except the Galapagos Islands).

(2) Quarantine of incoming plants.

When Chinese pears arrive at the Ecuadorian port of entry, AGROCALIDAD officials will inspect the phytosanitary certificate and related documents and carry out inspection and quarantine in accordance with the inspection procedures established by AGROCALIDAD.

(3) Handling that does not meet the requirements.

1. Fresh pears from unregistered origins (orchards) and packaging plants are not allowed to enter the country.

2. If live orange flies are intercepted, the goods will be returned or destroyed. If the batch of fresh pears comes from the non-epidemic area of orange fruit fly, AGROCALIDAD will immediately notify GACC to suspend the export of relevant orchards and packaging plants, and immediately suspend the status of non-epidemic area. GACC needs to identify the causes and take appropriate improvements. Non-endemic status can only be restored when the fruit fly has been eradicated and AGROCALIDAD is recognized.

3. If other live quarantine pests of concern to the Eritrean side are found, AGROCALIDAD will be returned or destroyed and THE GACC will be notified immediately. GaCC should identify the causes and take effective preventive measures to prevent the recurrence of such incidents.

4. If other live quarantine pests, leaves, plant residues or soils other than those on the list of quarantine pests of concern to the Eritrean side are found, they can enter the country only after effective pest removal treatment; Where there is no effective method of eliminating harm, measures of return or destruction shall be adopted. AGROCALIDAD will inform GACC of the situation, which will conduct an investigation, identify the causes and take appropriate improvement measures to prevent the recurrence of such problems.

7. Retrospective review

GACC will periodically review export items to ensure that they comply with this phytosanitary requirement and the relevant regulations of AGROCALIDAD and GACC.

AGROCALIDAD reserves the right to conduct on-site audits and to complete them with the assistance of GACC. Prior to export, AGROCALIDAD will send quarantine officers, together with GACC, to conduct conformity checks on the origin (orchards) and packaging plants of the exported fresh pears.

This is hereby announced.

Annex:

1. The operation procedure of cold treatment before export .doc

2. The operation procedure of cold treatment during transportation .doc

Customs

July 29, 2022

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