In the thirteenth year of Qianlong, the 76-year-old Zhang Tingyu submitted a resignation report to Qianlong, and at the same time put forward two demands that should not be made as a human subject. First, it is hoped that the emperor will follow the edict of the former emperor to allow him to enjoy the Taimiao Temple; The second was to request that the third-class earl be inherited by his son.
Zhang Tingyu has been in politics for decades and has always been known for his prudence, and his principle as an official is "it is better to win every battle than to endure; It is better to be silent than to be silent." Above the official arena, we will deceive ourselves, and if we say too much, we will lose, and if we pass through the text, we will be cursed; this is an iron law that has never changed. Unexpectedly, Zhang Tingyu in his later years was still burdened by his reputation after all, and he almost died well.
Regarding Zhang Tingyu's request to be equipped with the Taimiao Temple, many readers are familiar with it, and the specific details of the imperial history have been skipped, mainly to talk about Zhang Tingyu's invitation to attack the Earl. Roughly, there are two main reasons:
The first and third class counts were not easy to come by
There is a problem that needs to be explained, Yushi has consulted a lot of historical materials and found that there is a discrepancy in the time of Count Zhang Tingyu's promotion. Some say that Yongzheng was promoted in his later years, and some say that at the beginning of Qianlong's succession, in view of Zhang Tingyu's auxiliary merits, he was promoted. In the end, which statement is correct, Yushi has not yet produced strong evidence.
Before the middle of the Qing Dynasty, there were not a few Han people who held high titles such as dukes, marquises, and bo, but a careful study shows that these Han people were all military ranks and all started with military merit. Very few civilian officials have been counted, and even fan Wencheng, the founding hero of the country, is only a third-class son.
Whether it is Yongzheng or Qianlong, being able to give Zhang Tingyu a third-class earl can be said to be a groundbreaking move. However, from the matter of Zhang Tingyu's invitation to attack the earl, it seems that it can be verified that when he was named a count at that time, there should be no hereditary replacement in the edict.
According to the Qing system, those who were awarded high titles by ministers would generally indicate the number of inheritances in the edict. For example, the number of dukes inherited 24 times, the marquis 23 times, and the earl 22 times. Zhang Tingyu's problem was this, so he requested that the title be passed to his son, in fact, to ask Qianlong to express that he, a third-class earl, could be hereditary.
Second, ask future generations for an iron rice bowl
Mengziyun "the zeal of the gentleman, the fifth generation and the slash", no family can pass on the wealth and glory for generations. In fact, for Zhang Tingyu himself, the honor of this third-class earl is nothing.
The reason is very simple, Zhang Tingyu, as the elder of the Three Dynasties, the official to the Bohol Temple, the chief military minister, and several important positions, Yongzheng also gave him the highest honor of the Taimiao Temple. In the face of these honors, it does not matter whether the third-class earl has it or not.
However, in terms of family and descendants, this count is indispensable. For the Han people, the normal channel for entering the imperial examination is the imperial examination, and the difficulty of the imperial examination is difficult to ascend to the heavens, and there are many uncertain factors in the examination of a jinshi in addition to personal efforts.
As a well-known and prestigious family, it is easier to cultivate a jinshi than an ordinary scholarly family, but it is not easy. If the path of the imperial examination is lost, then the Zhang family will also go into decline. This was the last thing Zhang Tingyu wanted to see.
So is there any good way to make the family prosperous for a long time? The answer is knighthood. In the Qing Dynasty, Han Chen's personal official positions and honors were illusory, because these things were limited to himself. Only the title is an iron rice bowl, and earning a hereditary title for future generations is the ultimate dream of many Hanchen bureaucrats.
With a knighthood, there is actually a position, even if you do not hold any real position, with the title of third class earl, you can get a fixed title, and the political status is also very high. In short, there is a knighthood in the family, even if a certain generation does not act, it is not afraid, and it cannot be a generation without becoming a tool.
Zhang Tingyu's timing of the attack on the earl was not well grasped, and Qianlong was already quite critical of him during this period, and it could even be said that he was no longer favored. If this request had been made in the early years of Qianlong, it would have been approved with a high probability.
Zhang Tingyu's fall from favor was actually earlier, and the six years of Qianlong should be used as the dividing line. In this year, Liu Tongxun made a concert, saying that Zhang Tingyu's power was too prominent, and asked him to stop the promotion of all Zhang's sons within three years.
Although Qianlong did not adopt Liu Tongxun's suggestion, he made this recital public to the courtiers, which showed that Qianlong wanted to use this recital to beat Zhang Tingyu. After eight years of Qianlong, Zhang Tingyu's life became more and more difficult, and because the dispute with the E's party intensified, he gradually became disliked by Qianlong.
In the thirteenth year of Qianlong, the chief military aircraft minister Ne Qin was brought to justice for the battle of Jinchuan, and Qianlong again made Fu Heng the chief military aircraft minister, leaving Zhang Tingyu, who was the most senior, aside once again. Zhang Tingyu is even more able to endure, but he will also be unhappy.
From then on, there was a disagreement between the monarchs and courtiers, and Zhang Tingyu resigned in his old age and illness, and by the way asked Qianlong for the Taimiao Temple and the Earl of Attack. Qianlong was arranged, although his brother-in-law Fu Heng was promoted to chief military minister, but Fu Heng had no ruling experience after all, and only relied on nepotism to ascend to the throne. Therefore, Qianlong wanted Zhang Tingyu to take Fu Heng with him.
Unexpectedly, Zhang Tingyu proposed to resign, which made Qianlong very dissatisfied, so he intended to let Zhang Tingyu appear foreign. Regarding the matter of attacking the earl, Qianlong's answer was very clear, he said that the original civil official knighthood was already an exception, plus you Zhang Tingyu did not have the merit of size, so this earl was limited to you and was not allowed to pass it on to your son.
Regarding Zhang Tingyu's third-class earl, there are different theories. Some people believe that when Zhang Tingyu resigned, he was dismissed by Qianlong because of poor etiquette and the courtesy of the courtiers; It is also said that Zhang Tingyu's earl has always been retained. However, Yushi held the latter attitude, because in the Taimiao Temple, Zhang Tingyu's tablet still read: Third Class Bo Zhang Tingyu.
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