"Mr. Geography" - the title and origin of some cities in China

author:Institute of Love

I. North China and Northeast China:

Tianjin – Meaning "The Jindu of the Son of Heaven", where the Ming Dynasty Yongle Emperor Zhu Di led a large army across the Haihe River to overthrow Emperor Jianwen

Handan - the name of the city rhymes with an rhyme, Handan means "Handan mountain to this end", "shan" means the end of the mountain range, Handan is one of the oldest place names used in China

Qinhuangdao – The island where Qin Shi Huang asked for immortals to enter the sea, Qinhuangdao is the only city in China named after the title of ancient emperor

Datong - taken from the "land of great unity under the heavens", "Datong" is the highest ideal of ancient politics

Changzhi - Changzhi was called Shangdang in ancient times, and the Ming Dynasty set up Changzhi County here, taking the meaning of "long rule and long peace"

Chifeng - Named after the brown lone peak in the northeast of the city

Baotou - Baotou evolved from the Mongolian word "Baoktu", which means "where there are deer", and Baotou is also known as Lucheng

Wuhai - the combined name of Wuda and Haibo Bay

Dalian - Dalian was formerly known as Qingniwa, most of the Qingniwa are Shandong immigrants, there is a very popular thing in Shandong called 褡裢, Dalian is evolved from 褡裢, another said Dalian comes from the Russian "Darini"

Panjin - Panshan and Jinzhou are each made of a word, also take the meaning of "intertwined roots, icing on the cake"

Benxi - Benxi got its name from the benxi lake in the territory, benxi lake was called cup rhino lake in ancient times, cup rhino lake because "the bottom of the lake is wide and narrow, like the horn of a rhinoceros" and named, the Qing Dynasty Yongzheng period because the cup rhino lake name is too elegant and difficult to write, so it is renamed Benxi Lake by its harmonic pronunciation

Changchun - meaning "the city of long spring color", the spring in the northeast is very cold, and the name of the city after Changchun shows that the city's climate is characterized by cold domination

Jilin - Jilin full name Jilin Ula, Manchu meaning "city along the river", Jilin City is the only province in China with the same name

Jiamusi - Jiamusi Qing Dynasty also known as "Jiamu Temple", in manchu is the meaning of "Yi Cheng", because Jiamusi in ancient times located in the Songhua River to the Mouth of the Heilongjiang River

2. East China:

Qingdao – Named after the island's "beautiful mountains and rocks, lush forests", and is in harmony with "Qindao"

Weihai - The Ming Dynasty set up Weihaiwei here, taking the meaning of "Weizhen East Sea"

Zibo - the combined name of Zichuan and Boshan

Laiwu - Lai is a plant name, commonly known as gray vegetables, turnip refers to the field barren, in ancient times this is a desolate place, so the name Laiwu

Heze - the city name rhymes with e, the combined name of Heshan and Leize, Heze is also one of the oldest place names used in China

Hefei – Named after the confluence of the Dongmi River and the Nanmi River

Suqian - In the Spring and Autumn Period, it was the kingdom of Chung Wuzi, and the capital of the later Suqian state was moved here, and Suqian got its name

Lianyungang - meaning "a harbor between Liandao and Yuntai Mountain", Yuntai Mountain is the highest peak in Jiangsu Province

Zhenjiang - Tang Dynasty for the town navy jiedu envoy station, to the Song Dynasty due to changes in the geographical environment, this place is far from the sea, so it was renamed Zhenjiang, taking the meaning of "town guarding the Yangtze River"

Wuxi - the first Qin Xishan produced tin, to the End of the Han Dynasty Tin, so the name Wuxi

Shanghai – named after Shanghai Pu, a tributary of the Songjiang River (i.e. Suzhou Creek), which means "the place leading to the sea"

Jinhua - meaning "the land where Venus and Wunu compete for China"

Ningbo - Ningbo was called Mingzhou in ancient times, and Ningbo got its name from "Haidingze Boning"

Putian - take the meaning of "Putian into Sangtian", Putian is a place name with great Characteristics of Fujian and Vietnam, and Putian is an evolution of the Pu character

Xiamen - The Ming Dynasty built Xiamen City, meaning "the gate of the national building"

Longyan – Named after a dragon cave in the foothills of Cuiping Mountain in the south of the city, Longyan is the only prefecture-level city in China to be named after the cave

Eagle Pond - Because there is a deep pool under the Dragon Head Mountain on the south bank of the Xin river, "the rapids swirl in it, and the eagle dances on it", so it is called Eagle Pond

Shangrao - Shangrao's name comes from "the mountains are rich and the mountains are rich", which was a place of abundant products in ancient times

Jiujiang - The name of Jiujiang is derived from "Liu Xin thought that the lake Han Jiushui entered Peng LiZeye", nine is the largest number considered by ancient Chinese, so Jiujiang also has the meaning of "the place where all the waters gather"

Yichun - The name of Yichun originates from the West Spring of the city, which is named for its "cold summer and warm winter, beautiful as spring, pleasant to drink"

3. Central and Southern China:

Shangqiu - Shangqiu is the birthplace of the Shang Dynasty, legend has it that in ancient times there was a mound called "Fu Botai", and later the emperor took the fief of Fu Bo as Shang, and Shangqiu got its name

Kaifeng - Kaifeng ancient name of Bieliang, Kaifeng two words take the meaning of "open land to seal the territory"

Crane Cliff - Named after the legend that "the crane perched on the cliffs of the South Mountain"

Jiaozuo - The name Jiaozuo comes from Jiaozuo Village, which refers to a workshop, and its villagers are mainly surnamed Jiaozuo

Wuhan - The three towns of Wuchang, Hankou and Hanyang are connected and named, and Wuchang takes the meaning of "changing with the rule of wu"

Xiangfan - The combined name of Xiangyang and Fancheng, Xiangyang is named after the sun located in Xiangshui, and Fancheng is named after Fan Muzhong, the king of Zhou Xuan

Filial piety - named after "Dong Yong, the filial son of the Eastern Han Dynasty, sold himself to bury his father and performed filial piety to move heaven and earth"

Huangshi - the joint name of Huangshi Port and lime kiln, Huangshi Port got its name from the Yellowstone Rock on the bank of the Yangtze River, which refers to the rock protruding on the bank of the Yangtze River, because "the stone color is yellow", so it is named Huangshi Rock

Shiyan - In ancient times, in order to drink water for irrigation, farmers here built ten small reservoirs on the Baier River and Zhangwan River, named Yiyan to Shiyan respectively, and over time Shiyan became the name of the place here

Changsha - named after the Star of Changsha, Changsha is thus called Star City, and another says that Changsha is named after the orange island in the Xiang River to take the meaning of "long sandbar", and the "Road History" records that "Shao Hao clan began in Yunyang, and the earth was changsha"

Zhuzhou - the name of the city rhymes with u, the character for zhou is taken from the ancients to the two banks of the Xiangshui river as a continent, Zhuzhou is the shore of the olive wood, the plant is evolved from the oak character

Loudi – named after the place where the "Lou Star" and "Neon Star" of the 28 stars in the sky shine together

Shantou - Shantou got its name from the sand crest formed by the accumulation of sediment on the seashore, due to the continuous alluvial accumulation of sediment in the coastal area of the Han River and under the action of tidal winds and waves, a natural sand embankment was formed in the old urban area of Shantou today, which is called Shantou at the beginning

Shenzhen - the name of the city rhymes, meaning "deep water ditch", Shenzhen is a place name with great southern Cantonese characteristics

Dongguan - named Qingyuan because of the abundant production of a water weed called Guancao - meaning "fragrant and overflowing land"

Zhuhai - meaning "pearl-producing bay", another saying that Zhuhai got its name from "the Pearl River into the sea"

Maoming – The name is derived from the Western Jin Dynasty Taoist pan Maoming, descendants in order to commemorate Pan Maoming with Dan to extinguish the plague here, Maoming is the only city in China named after the ancient Taoist priests

Zhanjiang - In ancient times, the Inspection Department of The River was set up on the East China Sea Island in Zhanjiang, and Zhanjiang evolved from the Chuan River, which also took the meaning of "blue river water"

Hong Kong - The name of the city rhymes with ang, Hong Kong means "a seaport rich in spices", and another says that in ancient times, there was a small stream called the Xiangjiang River, and the alluvial harbor of the Xiangjiang River into the sea was Hong Kong

Macao - Macao in ancient times is the meaning of the mouth, the gate is the general name of the strait leading to the sea in China, Macao is because the local inner harbor of the A-Ma Temple across the sea and wan chai silver pit across the sea, the formation of the strait like the gate

Baise – evolved from the name of the original village "BoShi Zhai" in the Zhuang language, meaning "a good place to wash clothes"

River pond - in ancient times, this is a plain, lack of sea and water, zhuang ancestor Mo Yishen built a mountain dam here, and day and night irrigation, and finally died of overwork, this place eventually did not form a sea, only formed a few rivers and ponds, posterity in order to commemorate Mo Yishen named this place as a river pond

Yulin - Yulin is an evolution of Yulin, which means "lush forests on both sides of the Yu River"

Guests - take the meaning of "guests who come", and when you look at the place name, you know that this is a hospitable place.

4. Southwest and Northwest:

Chongqing - meaning "double celebration", Song Guangzong first crowned Queen Gong as the throne, and called himself "double celebration", so he promoted Gong Prefecture to Chongqing Prefecture, hence the name of Chongqing

Chengdu - named after "one year into a gathering, two years into a city, three years of Chengdu"

Zigong - the combined name of artesian well and gongjing, Zigong has been rich in well salt since ancient times

Panzhihua - Found in the Jinsha River ferry a hundred years old Climbing Branch Flower tree and got its name

Liupanshui - Liuzhi, Panxian and Shuicheng are each made of a word

Kunming - The name of Kunming is taken from "the flood in Yunnan has receded, and there is a dawn scene in the south of Kunlun Mountain", and another saying that Kunming represents the spring when all things grow, Kunming is the meaning of "spring is bright", and Kunming is thus called Spring City

Qujing - Qujing is the combined name of Quzhou and Jingzhou in the Tang Dynasty, and also takes the meaning of "yielding and pacifying" by barbarians

Yuxi - named after the Yuxi River, one of the headwaters of the Pearl River, the Yuxi River is named after "the water of the river is clear and translucent, like a jade belt flowing in the fields of 10,000 acres"

Zhaotong - Zhaotong was formerly known as Umeng, and in the Qing Dynasty, the governor of Yungui, Ortai Wangwenshengyi, misinterpreted Umeng as "Umidity", so in the song that asked Yongzheng to change Umeng Province to Zhaotong Province, it was written that "the dark one who lifted the front, easy and clear, the former Mongolian, easy and Xuantong", zhaotong got its name

Lijiang - named after the Jinsha River in the Yuan Dynasty called Lijiang, the ancient city of Lijiang is a world cultural heritage

Baoji - Baoji was called Chen Cang in ancient times, and was renamed Baoji because the Jifeng Mountain in the southeast of the Tang Dynasty City had the auspicious omen of "stone chicken crying"

Shangluo - Named after the Shangshan and Luoshui in its territory

Yulin - named after the ancient "elm forest" of this place

Pingliang - meaning "Pingding Liangguo", Former Qin Jianjian once led an army through this area to attack the Former Liangguo

Silver - as early as the Han Dynasty, the mining industry here was very prosperous, the Ming Dynasty in the territory of today's Silver Phoenix Mountain and Flame Mountain special mining "silver factory", silver got its name, Silver City is also the only prefecture-level city in China named after the metal name

Wuwei – Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty set up Wuwei Commandery after conquering the Hexi Corridor to demonstrate the military might of the Han Empire

Zhangye - take the meaning of "Zhang Guo's arm to pass through the western region"

Jiuquan - Jiuquan is named after "there is a spring under the city, and its water is like wine"

Wu Zhong - named after the ancient town of Wu Zhongzhi, a soldier who guarded the border pass, there are many villages and towns in Ningxia named after the border pass soldiers, but the name of a tangtang prefecture-level city is also derived from the name of a small historical figure, which is the only case in China (2) Chinese mainland a county-level city with a beautiful name and great historical and cultural connotations:

Luquan – Legend has it that during the Chu-Han War, Han Xin shot a white deer at a clear spring in this area, so named after it

Jiexiu - During the Spring and Autumn Period, Jiezi Tui and his mother lived in seclusion in Mianshan, Jin Wengong burned Lin Qiuxian, Jiezi Tui actually died with his mother holding a tree, jiexiu was named after Jiezi Tui resting here

Hou Ma - Hou Ma ancient called Xintian, at the end of the Ming Dynasty Li Zicheng led the army through this place, because Li Zicheng could not sleep, he simply let the horse lie down, he himself rested on the horse's back, the soldiers all learned Li Zicheng's appearance for a night, the next day Li Zicheng said to everyone, "We have waited for a night horse", Hou Ma got its name

Shulan - In the old days, the Holon River and the Sichuan River in Shulan were rich in mountain fruits, and Shulan means Manchu fruit

Tumen - The name of Tumen City comes from the Tumen River, the Manchu language of the Tumen River was originally "Tumen color bird", "Tumen color bird" is the source of ten thousand waters meaning

Anda – The name of the city of Anda comes from the Mongolian word friend

Jimo - Named after the proximity of the city to the Moshui River during the Warring States period, Jimo is also one of the oldest place names used in China

Penglai - Penglai is one of the three sacred mountains inhabited by the immortals in the Bohai Sea in Chinese mythology and legend (the other two are abbots and Yingzhou), and Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty traveled east to see the sacred mountain without encountering it, so he built a small city named Penglai

Wendeng - Qin Shi Huang once toured the east to summon literati to mountaineering poetry, Wendeng means "literati mountaineering"

Rongcheng - named after rongshan and chengshan in the territory, Chengshantou was known as the "end of heaven" in ancient times.

Qufu - The word Qufu is derived from the Book of Rites, "Becoming a king with the Zhou Gong you have the honor to work in the world, is to seal the Zhou Gong in Qufu", Qufu is the birthplace of Chinese Confucian culture

Rugao - Gao refers to the highlands by the water, and Rugao means "to the highlands by the water's edge to see the beautiful sunrise"

Gaoyou - Because Qin Shi Huang built a high platform and set up a post kiosk here, it was named Gaoyou

Yizheng - During the Western Zhou Dynasty, a prince fief called "Ant" was here, and in the Northern Song Dynasty, the legendary Erting Mountain in the territory found Wang Qi, so he ordered people to sculpt the true martial statue here, because the appearance was realistic, yizhen was given, and the Qing Dynasty changed its name to Yizheng to avoid the secret of Yongzheng Yinchen

Jurong - there is a Gouqu Mountain (that is, Maoshan Mountain) in the territory, the shape of the mountain is like the word "has", and the hook is curved and tolerated, so the name Gourong, because the ancient Gourong two words are connected, the Gourong evolved into today's Jurong

Golden Temple - named after the "Golden Altar Hundred Zhangs" in The Huayang Cave of Maoshan Mountain

Changshu - The name of Changshu takes the meaning of "the soil is fertile, there is no water and drought in the years" and "the original soil, although the water and drought, can not be generalized as a disaster, then the years will be often in the barnyard"

Yiwu - Yiwu ancient called Wu Wound, legend has it that there was a person named Yan Wu in the Qin Dynasty, after the death of his father, he built a grave with soil, a group of crows helped each other, and as a result, the crow's mouth was beaked, and the black wound was named after this, and the Tang Dynasty Wu Wound was renamed Yiwu Zhuji - Zhuji means "the princes of the world arrived at the place where they stayed and discussed"

Shangyu - Legend has it that in the late patrilineal clan society, Yu Shun came here to avoid the rebellion of Danzhu, Shangyu is also one of the oldest place names used in China, and Guo Moruo once found the name of Shangyu in the oracle bones of Yin Shang

Yu Yao - The land sealed by Shunhou Zhishu, Shun's surname is Yao, hence the name Yu Yao

Jian'ou - Jian'ou is the origin of the word "Fujian" in "Jian", formed by the merger of the two cities of Jian'an and Ouning

Stone lion - according to legend, in the Sui Dynasty, there was a stone pavilion here, there was a pair of stone lions outside the pavilion, and the business trips were marked by stone lions, and over time, the original name of this place was not known, and the stone lion naturally became a place name

Camphor Tree - Named after the abundance of camphor trees, Zhangshu City is a famous southern capital, and since ancient times, it has enjoyed the reputation of "less than camphor trees, but camphor trees are not working"

Wei Hui - Wei Hui was called Jiyi in ancient times, wei Hui means "wei river shore, brilliant city"

Dengfeng - Because Wu Zetian ascended Mount Song and Fengzhongyue, it was named Dengfeng

Yan shi - King Wu of Zhou cut the silk, hui shi Shi Rong passed through this place, yan shi got its name

Xian peach - xian peach ancient called Qiu yang, according to legend, a fairy holding a fairy peach to go to the queen mother to wish for the birthday, suddenly found an oasis, the fairy to this oasis peach blessing, in the blink of an eye here peach blossoms, fairy peach peach, fairy peach from this name

Zhong Xiang - Because the Ming Dynasty Jiajing sheng yang originated here, it was given the name Zhong Xiang, taking the meaning of "Xiang Rui Zhong Ju"

Daye - take the meaning of "Daxing furnace smelting"

Wuxue - Wuxue is an evolution of the Wujia Cave, which is one of the nine caves of the ancient Yangtze River

Shishou - Named after the stone isolated from The Stone Head Mountain north of the city

Enshi - In the late Eastern Jin Dynasty, Huan's birthday was in exile, where he called himself King Shi, and in the Qing Dynasty, Yongzheng changed Shi County to Enshi, and Enshi means "Yongzheng Gift to Shi County"

Miluo - where Mishui meets Luoshui, Miluo City is known as the famous city of dragon boats in China

Lengshui River - named because of the many wells on both sides of lianxi in the territory, and the well water is extremely cold, Lengshuijiang City is known as the antimony capital of the world

Yangchun - take the meaning of "the sun of the desert water, the four seasons are like spring"

Bijie - In the era of the Yelang Kingdom, the tiger was used as a totem, and Bijie is the meaning of tiger in the Yi language

Qionglai - named after Qionglai Mountain, the name of Qionglai Mountain comes from a type of bamboo called "Qionglai Bamboo"

Mianzhu - therefore, the land is on both sides of the water, and the bamboo forest is luxuriant, so it is called Mianzhu

Shifang - Shifang ancient called shifang, Shifang is evolved from the ten squares, the ancient Chinese Central Plains people used to call the border area "fang", such as ghost fang, barbarian fang, Shuo fang, etc., ten square is the general name of many small fang states in Sichuan

Huaying - named after Huaying Mountain, Huaying Mountain evolved from Huayin Mountain, "snow accumulation top, distant view such as Qiong Yao Sprinkled Land, Crystal Jade Paving Mountain, so named Huayin Mountain"

Gejiu - Gejiu is a transliteration of the Yi language "guozuo", which means a place to grow buckwheat and eat buckwheat rice.

ChuXiong - At the end of the Warring States period, Zhuang Entered Dian, and one of his subordinates named Nanxiong Hou visited this place, and during the Eastern Jin Dynasty, a Yi chieftain named Weichu built Weichu City here, and later generations took Weichu and NanxiongHou to form Chuxiong.

Dali - named after the historical Dali State, Dali is the birthplace of Bai culture

Jinghong - Jinghong means "city of dawn" in Dai

Dunhuang - take the meaning of "grand splendor"

Qingtong Gorge - named after the famous canyon name in the upper reaches of the Yellow River, the Yellow River passes through the valley between Helan Mountain and Niushou Mountain, and the mountains and waters are like a bronze mirror, from which The Bronze Gorge is named

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